Ungcoliseko lomoya luchaphazela abemi abasi-8 kwabali-10 ehlabathini

Ungcoliseko

La ungcoliseko lomoya ichaphazela ngaphezulu kwabemi abasi-8 kwabali-10 ehlabathini. Kwaye imeko iyaqhubeka ukonakala, ngakumbi kumazwe asakhasayo. Umbutho wezeMpilo weHlabathi upapashe ngoMeyi 12 isishwankathelo esibanzi se umgangatho womoya kwindawo yasezidolophini. Esi siseko sedatha sitsha sigubungela iidolophu ezingama-3000 103 ezikumazwe ayi-2014, ziphindaphindwe kabini umthamo wesifundo sangaphambili esapapashwa ngo-XNUMX.

Kumhlaba jikelele, amanqanaba oxinzelelo amasuntswana kulungile kwimimandla yasezidolophini bonyuke nge-8% kule minyaka mihlanu idlulileyo. Ukuba imeko ingaphaya kokungalawuleki kumazwe atyebileyo, ungcoliseko lomoya luba mandundu kumazwe asaphuhlayo.

Owona mqobo uphakamileyo usetelwe nguMbutho wezeMpilo weHlabathi zii-micrograms ezingama-20 kwityhubhu yemitha yongqinisiso lonyaka lwe- amasuntswana ocoliweyo PM10 emoyeni kwaye oko kufafazwa kwiindawo ezininzi ezisezidolophini zamazwe asakhulayo. Esona sixeko singcolisekileyo ehlabathini asiseyona New Delhi, njengoko yayinjalo ngo-2014, ngoku kunjalo Peshawar, emantla mpuma ePakistan, apho inqanaba lokuxinana lifikelela kwi-540 micrograms kwimitha nganye nganye.

IPeshawar, esona sixeko singcolisekileyo emhlabeni

Phantse kubo bonke oomasipala abanabemi abangaphezulu kwe-100.000 kumazwe asezantsi okanye aphakathi, uMbutho wezeMpilo weHlabathi ugqityiwe, kwaye ngamanye amaxesha ngokubanzi, uneerekhodi eziphakame kakhulu kunalezo zarekhodwa ngexesha leencopho. ngco liseko kwilizwe elifana neFrance.

PakistanI-Afghanistan ne-India zibonakala njengamazwe anomngcipheko omkhulu. EKarachi, ikomkhulu lezoqoqosho Pakistan, okanye eRawalpindi, umoya awuphefumli ngaphantsi Peshawar. Kukwanjalo naseAfghanistan, eKabul naseMazar-e-Sharif. I-Indiya ikwindawo ephezulu yetafile kunye needolophu ezininzi ezingcoliswe kakhulu ezifana neRaipur embindini welizwe kunye neAllahabad kumazantsi mpuma Entsha Delhi, ikomkhulu elibonisa uxinzelelo lwee-micrograms ezingama-229 kwimitha nganye nganye.

Los Amazwe omhlaba zikwinqanaba eliphezulu longcoliseko lomoya. E-Saudi Arabia, abemi baseRiyadh kunye IAl-Jubail, kwimpuma yelizwe, zixhomekeke kumanqanaba oxinzelelo agqitha kwi-350 micrograms nge-cubic meter nganye. Ezo zeDolophu yaseHamad, embindini we Bhareyini, kunye neMaameer, eqhubeka ngasempuma, ikwabonisa amanqanaba aphezulu e ngco liseko.


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