Ukukhula okungenakunqandeka kwezinto ezihlaziyiweyo

uphuhliso oluhlaziyiweyo Kungekudala, ipapashwe ngu REN21 (Umgaqo-nkqubo woMbane oHlaziyiweyo wenkulungwane yama-21, ushicilelo luka-2017 lwengxelo yehlabathi malunga nemeko yamandla ahlaziyekayo kwihlabathi (Ukuhlaziywa kwengxelo yemeko yeHlabathi ka-2017)).

I-REN21 idibanisa oorhulumente abohlukeneyo, ii-NGO, iiyunivesithi kunye nemibutho yamanye amazwe efana neBhanki yeHlabathi, i-Arhente yaMandla yaMazwe ngaMazwe, iZizwe eziManyeneyo, kunye neetetera ezinde.

Amandla ahlaziyiweyo kwingxelo yehlabathi

Ithi ngo-2016 irekhodi elitsha lasetwa ngokwemiqathango Isibonelelo samandla ombane kwihlabathi liphela Iya kuhlaziywa kunye ne-161 gigawatts iyonke. Ngamazwe anjenge China okanye i-India entloko

Isityalo selanga esidadayo

Oku kubonisa ukwanda phantse kweepesenti ezisi-9 kunonyaka ophelileyo, oko ke kudibanisa amandla ombane ewonke angama-2.017 eegigawathi kwihlabathi liphela.

ICalifornia ivelisa amandla elanga amaninzi

Ukuba sahlulahlula phakathi kwamandla ahlaziyekayo ahlukeneyo, yile nto I-Photovoltaic Energy yamandla eyona ibonakale ngaphezulu kwezinye ine-a 47% yamandla efakiweyo ewonke, alandelwa ngu amandla omoya nge 34% kunye hydraulic izixhobo ngento engaphezu kwe 15%.

Ifama yomoya elwandle

Ikamva elizayo

Ingxelo yongeza imibuzo eliqela ngokubhekisele kwindaleko yamandla ahlaziyekayo kwihlabathi liphela.

Kumazwe athile anjengeDenmark, iMexico okanye iUnited Arab Emirates, amaxabiso ombane avela kwimithombo enokuphinda ibekwe kwi-0,1 / kWh, oko kukuthi inani elisezantsi kwiindleko zokuvelisa uninzi lofakelo oluqhelekileyo olunalo, kananjalo, ngaphandle kohlobo lweprimiyamu

Rekhoda eDubai kwishushu eshushu

Igunya loMbane noMbane waManzi e-Dubai (Dewa) libhengeze kwiiveki ezimbalwa ezidlulileyo amaxabiso okubhida amaqabane amane ekuphenduleni isigaba se-200-megawatt sesine sepaki yelanga i-Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. Ibhidi ephantsi ingenisiwe Kule projekthi yamandla elanga egxile kwi-9,45 yeesenti zaseMelika (malunga neesenti ezingama-8.5 zeerandi) kWh nganye.

Eli xabiso limele irekhodi elitsha, kuba elidlulileyo belingama-40% ngaphezulu kunelona xabiso liphantsi belinikezelwa ukuza kuthi ga ngoku. Ezinye izibonelelo ezibini baveze namaxabiso asezantsi ngee-10 zeesenti nge-kWh nganye.

Ithenda yesigaba sesine sepaki yelanga yesityalo se-thermosolar esinobuchwephesha benqaba kubandakanya ukugcinwa kwamandla ukuya kuthi ga kwiiyure ezili-12, oko kuthetha ukuba obu bunzima buya kuba nakho ukuqhubeka Ukubonelela ngombane ubusuku bonke, kwaye sisigaba sokuqala sophuhliso esiceba ukuba ne-1.000 MW yamandla obushushu elanga kunye netekhnoloji yenqaba.

tsk

Ngelishwa, eSpain asinakuthetha ngokufanayo, ngenxa yokusikwa okwenziwe kwizityalo zamandla obushushu elanga.

Iiphaneli zelanga

La manqanaba amaxabiso aya kukhuthaza amazwe amaninzi ukuba acwangcise ukufakwa kwezityalo zamandla obushushu elanga eSpain emva kweminyaka emininzi kungekho zibonelelo, Kubonakala ngathi amabango e-EU nawo ayaphilisa kwintengiso.

Olu tshintshiselwano luyimfuneko ukubandakanya amandla amatsha abonelela ngolawulo lwenethiwekhi kunye nozinzo obunye ubuchwephesha obubonakalayo ngexabiso eliphantsi, abakwazi ukunika.

Amandla e-Thermosolar

Uninzi lwabaphathi beenkampani zelanga, "i-thermal yelanga kuphela kobuchwephesha obulawulwayo obunenzuzo kuzinzo lwegridi kunye nezixhobo ezingaphezulu gubungela iimfuno zombane Lalo naliphi na ilizwe elinelanga eliqhelekileyo. Ukongeza, emva kweminyaka emininzi yomzamo we-R & D, itekhnoloji ikhule kakhulu, okwangoku inokukhuphisana ngexabiso ngayo nayiphi na itekhnoloji.

Chile

 

EDenmark

Oku kwenzeke, umzekelo, kwi EDenmark, ilizwe eliphuhliswe ngokupheleleyo elineemfuno eziphezulu zamandla.

Umoya waseSweden

Ingxelo ikwabandakanya ukuba iiprojekthi zokugcina amandla zenziwe zizonke i-megawatts ezingama-800 zamandla afakiweyo, oko kuthetha ukuba amandla ehlabathi angama-6,4 eegawathi.

Ikwabonisa ukuba kuyimfuneko ukwenza iinzame kusetyenziso olushushu lwemithombo evuselelekayo okanye ekusetyenzisweni kwayo kwi icandelo lezothutho, kuba ezi azikakhuli ngokwaneleyo ngokuchasene ne-fuels.

Ukukhathalela okusingqongileyo

Ukubaluleka kokusetyenziswa kwezixhobo zamandla ahlaziyekayo ngokwembono yendalo esingqongileyo kufuneka kugxininisiwe, ukuba oko kwenzelwe kukuthobela ukuzibophelela kwehlabathi kutshintsha kwe mozuluNgokukodwa Isivumelwano saseParis, apho ukonyuka komndilili weqondo lobushushu lonyaka lilinganiselwe kwi-2 ºC.

Unyaka emva konyaka, amandla amaninzi ayafakwa kusetyenziswa imithombo evuselelekayo kunaleyo yeetekhnoloji eziqhelekileyo.

Oku kunxulunyaniswa nesidingo samaseko ezamandla ombane njengothumelo losasazo nonikezelo, ulwazi kunye neenkqubo zonxibelelwano, ugcino lwamandla, njl.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.