Imiphumo emibi ye-Fracking ongayazi

ukukhwabanisa

El ukukhwabanisa Yindlela esetyenziselwa ukukhupha irhasi yendalo kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo zangaphantsi komhlaba. Irhasi esetyenziswayo iyaqokelelana kwimingxunya kunye neziqhekeza zamatye entlenga. Ngokubanzi, amatye ekukhutshwe kuwo le gesi yi-slate kunye ne-marl, enkosi kwinto yokuba ukungena kwayo okuncinci kuthintela igesi ukuba ihambe iye kwezinye iindawo ekunzima ngakumbi ukuyikhupha.

Nangona kunjalo, obu buchule bokukhupha igesi yendalo bubangela iimpembelelo zesekondari kwindalo esingqongileyo. Ezona zichaphazeleka ngokucacileyo ngumhlaba. Kodwa nakwinkqubo yokutsala igesi yendalo, ezinye izinto zendalo ezinje ngamanzi, izilwanyana kunye nohlaza kunye nempilo yabantu ziyachaphazeleka.

Asinakuyikhanyela loo fracking uthanda uqoqosho ukuvelisa imisebenzi, ukubonelela ngerhasi yendalo kwiinkampani, kunye nokwenza inzuzo enkulu kwabo bayisebenzisayo. Kungenxa yoko le nto lo msebenzi ukhuselwayo kwaye uxhaswe ziinkampani ezininzi noorhulumente. Nangona kunjalo, ingozi kwimpilo nakwindalo iyanda ngakumbi nangakumbi.

Ukukhupha igesi yendalo, imichiza enetyhefu iyafakwa emhlabeni. Yenziwa ngoxinzelelo oluphezulu emva koko amanzi amdaka ampontshelwe nzulu ukukhupha irhasi.

Phakathi kweziphumo ebezingalindelekanga ezinokubangela ukuba sibeneesibhozo ezibaluleke kakhulu:

1- Eyokuqala ngu ungcoliseko lwamanzi. Ngexesha lenkqubo yokuqhekeka ngesanti kubunzulu baphantsi, isixa esikhulu segesi yemethane kunye neemveliso ezinetyhefu ziyahluzwa ezinokungcolisa amanzi aphantsi komhlaba. Owona manzi atofelweyo awunakuboliswa ziintsholongwane kwaye anokufunyanwa kuphela phakathi kwe-30% kunye ne-50%, okuseleyo kuhlala kungcolisa amanzi nomhlaba.

2- Ukungabikho kwamanzi. CKe, iipesenti ezingama-90 zamanzi asetyenzisiweyo ekubanjweni kweefracking azifumaneki, kwaye imbalela kunye nokunqongophala kwamanzi kumazwe kuyanda, ngenxa yoko isixa esikhulu soku kulunga kunqabileyo kuyachithwa.

3- Iziphumo zempilo. Ulwelo olukhutshiweyo lubekwa kwindawo evulekileyo ukuze luvuthe kwaye luvelise iikhompawundi eziguqukayo emoyeni kwaye ukuba luphefumlwe ngabantu lichaphazela kakubi impilo.

I-4- Iqinisekisiwe ukuba izizathu zokuqhekeka Ukuzamazama komhlaba


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.