Emva kweminyaka emi-3, amandla ahlaziyekayo ayakhula kwakhona

Ifandesi evuselelekayo

Ngokwe-INFORMA ye-DBK yeCandelo lokujonga, i amandla afakiweyo ingqokelela ye amandla ahlaziyekayo Ekupheleni kuka-2016 ndafika kwi Iimegawathi ezingama-32.846 (+ 0,2%), Ukugcina imeko ephantsi yokukhula kwale minyaka idlulileyo.

Las ufakelo lomoya Yila Owona mthombo wamandla ahlaziyekayo, ukubonelela 70,1% yamandla afakiweyo ethe yaqokelelwa ngoDisemba 2016. Apha ngezantsi kukho izibonelelo ze I-Photovoltaic Energy yamandla, eqokelele i 14,2%, Ngelixa umbane bacinga ukuba 7%. I-8,7% eseleyo yahanjiswa phakathi kofakelo lwe-hydraulic phantsi kolawulo olukhethekileyo kunye nezityalo zokuvelisa amandla avela kwi-biomass.

Amandla anokuhlaziywa

Ngo-2016 basebenze Iifama zomoya eziyi-1.359, kunye namandla apheleleyo e Iimegawathi ezingamawaka amabini. Ukuba sijonga ilanga, uLa amandla afakiweyo ingqokelela ebhalisiweyo ukukhula kwe-0,3% ngo-2016, ifikelela kwi-4.674 megawatts, isasazeka ngaphezulu Imigangatho engama-61.386 iqhagamshelwe kwinethiwekhi. Kwinxalenye yayo, inani lamaziko asebenzayo amandla elanga ombane ihleli izinzile ukusukela ngo-2013, iyonke Ngama-51 embindi ngamandla efakelweyo ewonke angama-2.300 eemegawathi.

Amandla e-Thermosolar

Las iinkampani ezilishumi eziphezulu ngokwamandla afakiweyo amandla ahlaziyekayo (kuthathelwa ingqalelo umoya, photovoltaic solar kunye thermoelectric amandla elanga) badibene ngokudibeneyo Iipesenti ezingama-57 zamandla ewonke Ngo-2016. ingqalelo ngokukodwa iphakanyisiwe kwicandelo amandla elanga ombane (73%) kunye umoya (70%), ngelixa, ngokuchaseneyo, le yamandla elanga ye-photovoltaic yile ngakumbi atomized (13%).

ICalifornia ivelisa amandla elanga amaninzi

Iifandesi ezi-3 eziye zenziwa kunyaka ophelileyo ziya kuba negalelo kulungiso lwe- ulwakhiwo lokhuphiswano Icandelo kwisithuba esiphakathi, ngenxa yokuba kufunyenwe inxenye entle yamandla owabelweyo Iibhetshi ezinkulu. Kule yokuqala neyesibini yaba yi-Forestalia, kwaye ekugqibeleni yaba yi-ACS.

Ezi fandesi ziya kwandisa iqondo unikezelo yoxinaniso. Lo mkhwa uya kusebenza ngakumbi kwicandelo lezamandla I-solar photovoltaic kunye nomoya

Ngokwexabiso, ingeniso eveliswe yintengiso yomoya kunye namandla elanga ibimi I-7.069 yezigidi ze-euro ngo-2016, umzobo a 9,3% esezantsi kwirekhodi leyo ngo-2015. Ishishini yelanga igalelo lokuhlawula ngokupheleleyo 4.212 million (I-2.739 yezigidi kwi-photovoltaic kunye ne-1.473 kwi-thermoelectric), ngaphambi kwecandelo umoya, kwizigidi ezingama-2.857.

Ngoku makhe sithethe ngeefandesi uphawule ngaphambili, kunye nabaphumeleleyo.

Ifandesi yesithathu

I-ACS iphumelele kakhulu kwifandesi evuselelekayo kwesi sihlandlo. Ngenkxaso-mali yayo UCobra uthathe ngaphezulu kwesiqingatha sento efandelwe nguRhulumente,  ngokukodwa i-1.550MW yamandla elanga ye-photovoltaic.

Iqela I-Forestalia inikwe i-316MW yamandla e-photovoltaic nakwibhidi ebanjwe yi-OMIE ngoLwesithathu. Ukongeza, i-Enel Green Power España, eyeye-Endesa, ikwazile ukufumana 339MW.

Zonke iinkampani zikwazile ukufaka ibhidi ngezibonelelo ngesona saphulelo siphezulu eyayivumela ifandesi, eyayingama-65% exabiso eliqhelekileyo lotyalo-mali lwesityalo se-photovoltaic. Esi saphulelo singaphezulu kunefandesi kaMeyi, xa yayikwi-59%.

Inkampani yeqela elikhokelwe ngumongameli waseMadrid nguFlorentino Pérez, ngokukodwa kwi-seIinkonzo ezibanzi yombane, irhasi, unxibelelwano kunye noololiwe, yiyo loo nto iphumelela ngaphambi kweXElio, nge455 MW; Endesa, ngo-Enel Green Power, nge-339 MW; iQela laseForestalia, elinama-316 MW (kwilixa elidlulileyo lithathe i-1.200 lamawaka amathathu); IGesi yendalo iFenosa, i-3.000 MW, njengeSolaria; I-Opde, i-250 MW; IProdiel, i-200 MW. IGestamp, ene-182% yeXElio (20% yathengiswa kwingxowa-mali yeKKR), inikwe i-80 MW. IAlter izuze i-24 MW kunye ne-Alten, 50 MW.

amandla elanga ancitshiswa ngongcoliseko

Kwibala lomoya, ophumeleleyo ibiyinkunzi ye-Alfamar i-Energya, ene-720MW, phambi kweGreenalia (umoya weRenova), nge-133 MW, kunye ne-Ibervento, ene-172 MW, ikakhulu.

Iziqithi zeCanary zonyusa inani lamandla ahlaziyekayo

Lilonke, badlula kwi-5.000 MW, isixa esiphakamileyo kuneso simiselweyo. Oku kungenxa yemfuno ephezulu kwaye kugqithiwe kuyo kakhulu. Ngokwenyani, ifandesi yokuqala ye-2.000 MW, enokwandiswa ukuya kwi-3.000. Nangona kunjalo, uRhulumente kugcinwe igatya eliyimfihlo Ukuze i-megawatts ezingaphezulu ukusuka kwi-3.000 zinokwamkelwa xa unokubhida ngesaphulelo esiphezulu.

ixabiso elisezantsi lamandla elanga

Ukungena kwenkampani yeqela elichazwe nguFlorentino Pérez kuyothusa ngokufanayo neForestalia, eyayiphumelele kakhulu kwiifandesi ezimbini zokugqibela kulwabiwo lwesikimu semivuzo. Amandla ombane ahlaziyekayo, kunye ne-1.500 MW yamandla omoya kunye ne-108,5 MW yokuveliswa kombane nge-biomass. Ngale ndlela, iForestalia yongeza iimegawathi ezili-1924,5 ezinikezelwe phakathi kweefandesi ezintathu zokugqibela, kwaye iphinde ihlanganise umbono wayo wokubhekisa kwiparadigm entsha yokuveliswa kwamandla, kwimakethi esebenzayo, evulekileyo nokhuphisanayo.

Kwifandesi kaMeyi, ngasemva Ihlathi IGesi yendalo yeFenosa ibibekwe, ngaphezulu nje kwe-600 MW; I-Enel Green Power eSpain, engaphezulu nje kwe-500 MW; kunye neNokia Gamesa, ene-206 MW. INorvento ithathe i-128 MW.

Ngokumangalisa, u-Iberdrola, inkampani ehamba phambili yaseSpain kumandla omoya, unayo ushiywe ngaphandle kubadlali. Zonke iinkampani ezikhuphisanayo zanikezela ngesona saphulelo sivunyelweyo, sabekwa kuma-63,43% exabiso ngeegawathi nganye.

Emva kweminyaka emi-3, amandla ahlaziyekayo ayakhula kwakhona

Iziphumo zokugqibela zefandesi ziya kusiwa ngomso nguMphathiswa Wezamandla kwiKhomishini kaZwelonke yeeMakethi noKhuphiswano (CNMC) ukuze kuqinisekiswe. Ngezi fandesi zimbini, u-EISpain iya kuba phakathi kwezishumi ezimbalwa zokuhlangana kwethagethi ebekelwe i-2020, eya kuthi ibe nemveliso evuselelekayo ye-20%.

Ihlathi

Iqela leForestalia lazalwa ngo Zaragoza ngo-2011, iziphumo ze Umsebenzi omde weshishini edlulileyo ekukhuthazeni amandla ahlaziyekayo, ngakumbi kwizityalo zamandla kunye namandla omoya ukusukela ngo-1997.

Ngoku inezityalo zamandla eSpain, eFrance nase-Itali; Yakha ifayile ye- enkulu lokusila pellet kunye nomhlaba welizwe e-Erla (Zaragoza); ikhuthaza izityalo zokuvelisa umbane kwiAragon, eValencian Community naseAndalusia, nakwiifama zomoya ezahlukahlukeneyo, ngakumbi eAragon.

amandla e-biomass avela kwiintsalela zezinto zehlathi

Ngomhla kaJanuwari 14, 2016, iQela laseForestalia lelona liphumeleleyo kakhulu kwifandesi yoMphathiswa Wezemveliso, Amandla Nokhenketho kulwabiwo Inkqubo ethile yomvuzo kumalungiselelo amatsha emveliso yombane ovela kwitekhnoloji yomoya kunye neyebiomass. Kumandla omoya, iQela laseForestalia linikwe i-300 MW, ye-500 MW efandesini; nakwi-biomass, yafumana i-108,5 MW ye-biomass, kwi-200 MW efandesini.

Ukuvela kweQela laseForestalia kwimarike yamandla kuya kuvelisa iziphumo ezihle kakhulu: I-Forestalia izimisele kwintengiso evulekileyo, ekhuphisanayo, nesekuhleni, ukusebenza kakuhle, iindleko eziphantsi kwaye, ekugqibeleni, izibonelelo ngakumbi kumaxabiso abathengi

 


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
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