Yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga ne-bioethanol

Amafutha aluhlaza

Kukho izinto zokubasa eziveliswa kwi-biomass yeplanethi yethu kwaye, ke ngoko, zithathwa njenge-biofuels okanye i-fuels ezihlaziyekayo. Kule meko, siza kuthetha nge-bioethanol.

I-Bioethanol yindidi ye-biofuel ngokungafaniyo neoyile, ayingombane weefosili othathe izigidi zeminyaka ukuyilwa. Imalunga ne- I-petroli yendalo enokutshintsha ngokufanelekileyo ipetroli njengomthombo wamandla. Ukuba ufuna ukufunda yonke into enxulumene ne-bioethanol, qhubeka ufunde 🙂

Injongo yokusetyenziswa kweBiofuel

izinto eziluhlaza ze-bioethanol

Ukusetyenziswa kwee-biofuels kunenjongo enye ephambili: ukunciphisa ukukhutshwa kwegesi yendalo eluhlaza emoyeni. Iigesi zeGreenhouse ziyakwazi ukugcina ubushushu emoyeni kunye nokwandisa amaqondo obushushu aphakathi komhlaba. Le nto ibangela utshintsho kwimozulu kwihlabathi kunye neziphumo ezibi.

Ukusetyenziswa kwamandla kuluntu akunakuphepheka. Nangona kunjalo, la mandla anako zivela kwimithombo evuselelekayo necocekileyo. Kule meko, i-bioethanol isebenza njengombane wezothutho onceda ukunciphisa ukukhutshwa kwegesi ekrwada ekhawulezisa ukufudumala kwehlabathi.

Kwelinye icala, ukusetyenziswa kwayo kunomdla kuba ayinciphisi kuphela ukukhutshwa ekusetyenzisweni kwayo, kodwa iyanciphisa nokungenisa elizweni okungekho sikweni. Xa i-bioethanol isetyenziswa njengamafutha, sinegalelo kuphuhliso lwezolimo kunye nemisebenzi yezoshishino, sonyusa ukwanela kwelizwe lethu. Kwaye eSpain sinenkampani yokuqala yobuvulindlela eyadalwa ukuvelisa i-bioethanol kwinqanaba laseYurophu.

Ukufumana inkqubo

Ukulungiswa kwe-bioethanol kwiilebhu

I-Bioethanol, njengoko bekutshiwo ngaphambili, iqhuba imisebenzi yezolimo kunye neyamashishini kuba ifunyenwe Ukuvumba kwento ephilayo kunye ne-biomass etyebile kwiicarbohydrate (iswekile, ikakhulu). Ezi zinto zisetyenzisiweyo ngokubanzi zezi: iisiriyeli, ukutya okutyebileyo kwisitatshi, izityalo zomoba kunye nepomace.

Kuxhomekeke kudidi lwezinto eziphilayo ezisetyenziselwa ukuvelisa i-bioethanol, iimveliso ezahlukeneyo zinokuveliswa kwimveliso yokutya kunye namandla (yiyo loo nto inakho ukuqhuba la macandelo emveliso). I-Bioethanol ikwabizwa ngokuba yi-bioalcohol.

Yenzelwe ntoni?

Sebenzisa i-bioethanol ukufudumeza ikhaya

Sebenzisa i-bioethanol ukufudumeza ikhaya

Ukusetyenziswa kwayo okuphambili kukutshintsha ngokuthe ngqo endaweni yezibaso. Ihlala ibizwa ngokuba ngamafutha aluhlaza ukunciphisa kwayo ukukhutshwa kwegesi. Idla ngokufakwa endaweni yepetroli kuba ibonakaliswa ngokuba nenani eliphezulu le-octane. Ukuthintela utshintsho kwiinjini yemoto kwaye ayikusokoli, ungasebenzisa i-bioethanol ene-20% yepetroli. Ngale ndlela, ngalo lonke ixesha sifuna iilitha ezilishumi zepetroli, umzekelo, singasebenzisa iilitha ezisibhozo ze-bioethanol kunye neelitha ezimbini kuphela zepetroli.

Nangona inexabiso elisezantsi kunecaroline, ihlala isetyenziselwa ukwandisa inani le-octane. Ephakamileyo ipetroli ye-octane, umgangatho ophezulu uncedisa ekuqhubeni kwaye kuphezulu ukusebenza kakuhle. Ke ngoko, i-octane petroli ebiza kakhulu kune-98 octane.

I-Bioethanol isetyenziswa njengamafutha eBrazil, apho ukubakho kwamafutha kwizikhululo zegesi kuqheleke kakhulu. Amafutha akaphelelanga ekusetyenzisweni kwecandelo lezothutho, kodwa nako Isetyenziselwa ukufudumeza nokusetyenziswa kwekhaya.

Impembelelo kokusingqongileyo

Isityalo semveliso yeBioethanol

Nangona kusithiwa yi-biofuel okanye ipetroli eluhlaza, ifuthe layo kwindalo esingqongileyo lenza impikiswano phakathi kwabaxhasi kunye nabagxeki. Ngelixa ukutsha kwe-ethanol kukhokelela ekukhuphukeni okuphantsi kwe-CO2 xa kuthelekiswa nepetroli evela kwipetroleum, i-bioethanol ekufuneka iveliswe ibandakanya ukusetyenziswa kwamandla.

Ukusetyenziswa kwe-bioethanol kwisithuthi sakho akuthethi ukuba ukhululekile ekukhutshweni, kodwa ukuba baphantsi. Nangona kunjalo, ukuvelisa amandla e-bioethanol kuyafuneka, ke ngoko ukukhutshwa kuyenziwa. Kukho izifundo ezihlalutya imbuyekezo kumandla otyalo-mali (i-ERR) ye-bioethanol. Oko kukuthi, ubungakanani bamandla ayimfuneko kwisizukulwana sayo xa kuthelekiswa namandla anakho ukuvelisa ngexesha lokusetyenziswa kwawo. Ukuba umahluko unenzuzo kwaye uthelekiswa nokukhupha okupheleleyo, i-bioethanol inokuthathwa njengombane onefuthe elisezantsi lokusingqongileyo.

I-Bioethanol inokuba nefuthe kuyo amaxabiso okutya nokugawulwa kwamahlathi, kuba ixhomekeke ngokupheleleyo kwizityalo ezichazwe apha ngasentla. Ukuba ixabiso le-bioethanol libiza kakhulu, amaxabiso okutya akuthutha aya kuba nawo.

Inkqubo yokuvelisa

Imveliso ye-bioethanol yezitishi zegesi kunye nokuthuthwa

Siza kubona inyathelo ngenyathelo ukuba yenziwa njani i-bioethanol kwisityalo. Kuxhomekeka kuhlobo lwempahla ekrwada esetyenzisiweyo, inkqubo yemveliso iyahluka. Amanyathelo aqhelekileyo asetyenziswa ngala alandelayo:

  • Ukucoca. Kule nkqubo, amanzi ayongezwa ukulungisa isixa seswekile esifunekayo kumxube okanye ubungakanani botywala kwimveliso. Eli nqanaba liyimfuneko ukunqanda ukuthintelwa kokukhula kwegwele ngexesha lenkqubo yokubila.
  • Inguquko. Kule nkqubo, isitatshi okanye iselulosi ekhoyo kwizinto ezingafunekiyo siguqulwa sibe siswekile. Ukuze oku kwenzeke, kuya kufuneka usebenzise imithombo okanye usebenzise inkqubo yonyango ebizwa ngokuba yiasidi hydrolysis.
  • Ukuvumba. Eli linyathelo lokugqibela kwimveliso ye-bioethanol. Yinkqubo ye-anaerobic apho igwele (eliqulathe i-enzyme ebizwa ngokuba yi-invertase esebenza njenge-catalyst) inceda ukuguqula iswekile ibe yiglucose kunye ne-fructose. Ezi zinto, zisabela kwenye i-enzyme ebizwa ngokuba yiZymase ukuvelisa i-ethanol kunye necarbon dioxide.

Izibonelelo ze-bioethanol

imoto ene-bioethanol njengamafutha

Olona loncedo lubalulekileyo kukuba kunjalo imveliso ehlaziyekayo, ke akukho zinto zikuxhalabisayo ngokudinwa kwixesha elizayo. Ukongeza, inegalelo ekunciphiseni okwangoku kwezibaso kunye nokuxhomekeka kancinci kuzo.

Ikwanazo nezinye izibonelelo ezinje:

  • Ungcoliseko oluncinci kunamafutha asetyenziswayo.
  • Itekhnoloji efunekayo kwimveliso yayo ilula, ke naliphi na ilizwe emhlabeni elinokuthi liyiphuhlise.
  • Utshisa ucoceko, uvelise umsizi omncinci kunye ne-CO2 encinci.
  • Isebenza njengemveliso yokuthintela ukubanda kwiinjini, eziphucula kakhulu ukuqala kokubanda kweinjini, kunye nokuthintela ukuqanda.

I-Bioethanol kufuneka iguqulwe kancinane kancinane ibe sisibaso esisetyenziswa kakhulu kwihlabathi liphela ukunciphisa ukusetyenziswa kwezibaso kunye nokuxhomekeka kwayo.


Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa. ezidingekayo ziphawulwe *

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.