Elona xesha lilindelekileyo kwifandesi evuselelekayo yesithathu

Iziqithi zeCanary zonyusa inani lamandla ahlaziyekayo

Ngokwezibikezelo, isabelo siya kuzaliswa ngefayile Ipesenti ephezulu isaphulelo esinokwenzeka ngokubhekisele kwixabiso lotyalo-mali.

Ifandesi enkulu yesithathu yezinto ezinokuphinda zisebenze, apho urhulumente acwangcise phantse ukuhlangabezana neenjongo zesicwangciso se2020 se-European Union, siza kubanjwa namhlanje, ngoLwesithathu, nge-26 kaJulayi. Njengangaphambili, iimegawathi ezingama-3.000 (MW) zangaphambili amandla phakathi kweeprojekthi zomoya kunye ne-photovoltaic, Inokwandiswa ngokwemiqathango ye-Ofisi yoMphathiswa Wezamandla.

uphuhliso oluhlaziyiweyo

Le yifandesi yesithathu eza kubanjelwa ukufakelwa kwamandla amatsha ahlaziyiweyo emva kokunqunyanyiswa okwaqala ngo-2012 kunye nohlengahlengiso olulandelayo lolawulo lwemivuzo ehlaziyekayo, olusuka Inkqubo yebhonasi kumvuzo ofanelekileyo ngalo lonke ixesha lokuphila kwezixhobo.

URhulumente ubize le fandesi intsha, ebanjwa kuphela kwiinyanga ezimbini emva kwaleya yangaphambili, ngenxa yesithembiso esikhulu esishiywe singavezwanga kwibhidi yangaphambili, apho izibonelelo zangeniswa nge-9.000 MW -XNUMXx umthamo owanikwa-, apho iikota ezintathu zanikezela ngezona ziphulelo zininzi, zona, njengabo babenikwe amandla, ezingayi kufumana bhonasi okanye inkuthazo yotyalo mali.

Uqikelelo kukuba uxinzelelo oluphezulu kukhuphiswano luya kuphindwa kwaye isabelo siya kuzaliswa ngepesenti ephezulu yesaphulelo ngokunokwenzeka kwiindleko zotyalo-mali ezisemgangathweni. Icandelo liyavuma ukuba kuyakubakho iqhina elikhulu kwakhona kwaye, okokuqala, Kuya kubakho iiprojekthi ze-photovoltaic phakathi kwabaphumeleleyo. Kukhuphiswano oludlulileyo, iimegawatts zelanga ezabelweyo zazingabalisi i-1%.

Njengoko imibutho ye-photovoltaic igxeka, indlela eseta i inkqubo yokuqhekeza inqanawa Apho iprojekthi evelisa ezona zure zinde iya kuba neyona nto iphambili, ethanda amandla omoya.

Ukutyala imali kumandla ahlaziyekayo kuya kuyonyusa i-GDP yehlabathi

Ngesi sihlandlo, amandla elanga aya kuba nendawo kuba Akukho phantse i-1.000 MW yamandla omoya ashiyekileyo ekwazi ukubonelela ngesona saphulelo siphezulu, enika umda wokungena kwi-photovoltaic emalunga ne-2.000 MW.

Oyena mntu uphumeleleyo kwiifandesi zokuqala nezesibini yayingu-Forestalia, njengoko sele sitshilo ngaphezulu kwenqaku elinye, ikwaceba ukuthatha inxaxheba kwesesithathu.

'Ifandesi enkulu' yangaphambili yohlaziyo ifake i-2.000 MW kumdlalo, inokwandiswa ukuya kwi-3.000 MW ukuba iziphumo zefandesi zibonelela ngamaxabiso okhuphiswano, njengoko kubonisiwe yi-Energy Ministry. Inyaniso, Iibhloko ezabiweyo zigqithe kwiimegawathi ezingama-2.000 XNUMX ezixoxwe ngasentla.

Ngaphandle kwe Ihlathi, ezinye iinkampani ziphumelele iibhloko ezininzi. Umzekelo Imidlaloa Ngeyiphumelele ibhlokhi ye-206 MW. Ngokwenxalenye yayo, ngokwemithombo yemizi-mveliso Irhasi yendalo iFenosa ifumene malunga ne-600 MW. Amandla oMbane we-Enel ISpain- inkxaso-mali ye-Endesa-, yayiya kunikwa i-500 MW. Nangona kunjalo, IberdrolaNgeli xesha, ibingazukufezekisa naziphi na iibhlokhi ekucelwe ibhidi kuzo.

INkundla kaZwelonke

Ngasemva, iNkundla kaZwelonke iya kuhlalutya ifandesi. Ngokukodwa, iNkundla ePhakamileyo (i-TS) ivumile ukugqithisa inxenye yefayile enxulumene nesikhalazo esifakwe ngumbutho we-photovoltaic umbutho we-Unef, ngenxa yamandla omoya xa kwakufuneka Ifandesi engathathi cala.

Inkundla ePhakamileyo iya kufunda umthetho wasebukhosini kunye nomyalelo womphathiswa wentlanganiso, kwaye ukuva kuya kuba yiyo ephethe isisombululo somphathiswa.

Ihlathi

Iqela leForestalia lazalelwa eZaragoza ngo-2011, isiphumo se Umsebenzi omde weshishini edlulileyo ekukhuthazeni amandla ahlaziyekayo, ngakumbi kwizityalo zamandla kunye namandla omoya ukusukela ngo-1997.

Ngoku inezityalo zamandla eSpain, eFrance nase-Itali; Yakha ifayile ye- enkulu lokusila pellet kunye nomhlaba welizwe e-Erla (Zaragoza); ikhuthaza izityalo zokuvelisa umbane kwiAragon, eValencian Community naseAndalusia, nakwiifama zomoya ezahlukahlukeneyo, ngakumbi eAragon.

amandla e-biomass avela kwiintsalela zezinto zehlathi

Ngomhla kaJanuwari 14, 2016, iQela laseForestalia lelona liphumeleleyo kakhulu kwifandesi yoMphathiswa Wezemveliso, Amandla Nokhenketho kulwabiwo Inkqubo ethile yomvuzo kumalungiselelo amatsha emveliso yombane ovela kwitekhnoloji yomoya kunye neyebiomass. Kumandla omoya, iQela laseForestalia linikwe i-300 MW, ye-500 MW efandesini; nakwi-biomass, yafumana i-108,5 MW ye-biomass, kwi-200 MW efandesini.

Ukuvela kweQela laseForestalia kwimarike yamandla kuya kuvelisa iziphumo ezihle kakhulu: I-Forestalia izimisele kwintengiso evulekileyo, ekhuphisanayo, nesekuhleni, ukusebenza kakuhle, iindleko eziphantsi kwaye, ekugqibeleni, izibonelelo ngakumbi kumaxabiso abathengi


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
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