Ngaba iintlekele zemvelo zinokuthintelwa?

Ukuphuphuma kwevalkhano

Iindlela zesilumkiso kwangethuba kwi zemozulu zihlala zithembekile kuqikelelo iintlekele zemvelo. Iingcali ziyakwazi ukumodareyitha ngokuchanekileyo indlela yokuziphatha kwesibalo somoya kwaye zinedatha epheleleyo, kuwo wonke umhlaba wehlabathi.

Los i-satellite zemozulu Baqhubeka nokusasaza idatha kunye nemifanekiso kulwabiwo lomoya omkhulu kumazwekazi nakwiilwandlekazi. Sinothungelwano olomeleleyo lomhlaba kunye nezikhululo zolwandle emhlabeni eziqokelela isigxina idatha kuzo zonke izinto zemozulu kumanqanaba asezantsi omoya.

Ukuqwalaselwa komhlaba kunye nasemajukujukwini onxibelelene nenkqubo yonxibelelwano yonxibelelwano evumela uqikelelo lwasekhaya olwahlukileyo ukuba luqulunqwe lube sisixokelelwano sehlabathi esinakho qikelela ukubonakaliswa okugqithiseleyo ngexesha elifanelekileyo, ukwenzela ukuba kuthathwe amanyathelo okukhusela. Uqikelelo lwemozulu lukuvumela ukuba waziswe kwangaphambili malunga nokuphazamiseka okunamandla, okuthi ngenxa yokuqina kwabo kunye nokuhamba rhoqo, babe semngciphekweni wokubangela intlekele.

Los iiradar zemozulu emhlabeni badlala indima ebalulekileyo kuqikelelo lwexesha elifutshane apha. Benza ukuba bakwazi ukuxabisa inqaku lempembelelo kunye nokubaluleka kwemvula enesiphumo sokuhamba kweekhosi zamanzi ezilawulwa zii-sensors, ezivumela ukucaphukisa isilumkiso kwangexesha ukunqanda okanye ukunciphisa ukuphuphuma kwemilambo. Uninzi lwamazwe ehlabathi aneedatha ye-topographic yedatha ye- zifundo de amanzi kunye nezitya zamanzi ezivumela ukuqikelela ngokulula isimilo samanzi ngokwexesha nobungakanani bemvula.

Nangona kunjalo, ezi zixhobo ngamanye amaxesha zinokungabikho kokuchaneka okanye zichazwe gwenxa ngexesha eliluncedo. Imizekelo emininzi yakutshanje ibonisa ukuba ngakumbi ukunqongophala kombutho kunye nokusilela ukuxabisa a peligro banoxanduva lokulinganisa intlekele kwiziganeko ezithile zemozulu. Sibhekisa ngqo kwimeko yenkanyamba uKatrina esisayikhumbulayo.

Ukuqhuma kwentaba-mlilo

Las ugqabhuko-dubulo mlilo kulula ukuzithintela, kuba zikhatshwa zizinto ezininzi ezibonakalayo kunye nokuphendula kwamachiza okunokujongwa ngokuzimeleyo omnye komnye. Ukuqhuma kuhlala kulandelwa ngumsetyenzana omkhulu wenyikima kunye nokwanda komhlaba. Ngokubhekisele ekuvukeni kweentaba-mlilo ezingasebenziyo, ezinye izivamvo zenyikima zanele ukuyifumana ngexesha kwaye zivakala ialam.

Xa kukho ifayile ye- umngcipheko mlilo isondeleNjengokuba udaka luqhubela phambili kumphezulu, kufunyaniswa ukuba umhlaba uyaphuphuma, iigesi ziyakhululwa, kwaye kwangaxeshanye ukuphazamiseka kwalapha kurekhodwa kumhlaba womxhuzulane nakwimagnethi yomhlaba.

Inkangeleko, ukuphindaphinda kunye nokuqina kwezi zinto kuvumela ukuba isilumkiso sivakaliswe kwixesha eliphakathi ngokusekwe kwidatha ebonelelwe siseti izixhobo zokufumanisa. Oku kuhlalutya ukukhutshwa kwegesi, iiyantlukwano kubume bomhlaba kumphezulu nakubunzulu, kwaye urekhode uhlengahlengiso ngaphezulu kwentsimi yomxhuzulane okanye imagnethi yomhlaba.

Izinto ziba nzima ngakumbi xa lava isondela kumphezulu, igxila kwiziphumo zayo kumhlaba ocutha ngokuncipha. Ke kuya kufuneka ulindele inani elonyukayo le- izixhobo zokulinganisa Ukujikeleza indawo yomngcipheko omkhulu. Njengoko uxinzelelo lonyuka, ukubonakaliswa kwemichiza kunye nokwenyama kuyanda.

Okukhona kusondele ugqabhuko-dubulokokukhona kucetheke ngakumbi ukubona kwakho kwangaphambili. Ngesi sizathu, uqikelelo lwexesha elifutshane kule ndawo lunqabile kwaye alunakuthenjwa kuba okwangoku asinazo izixhobo zokulinganisa kunye nezinto zokulinganisa kuzo zonke iintaba-mlilo ezisebenzayo kwihlabathi liphela.

Ngokuphathelele mlilo ibhaliswe njengesiqhushumbisi kwaye iyingozi, eyona nto ilula iya kuba kukujikeleza indawo yokungangenisi macala onke kwaye phuma kwiidolophu ezikufutshane. Kodwa oku kulula ukutsho kunokuba kwenziwe, ngenxa yezizathu zentlalo noqoqosho.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.