Amandla ahlaziyekayo eYurophu anjani?

 

Kutshanje ipapashwe yi I-Arhente yokusiNgqongileyo yaseYurophu uxwebhu olunesihloko Amandla ahlaziyiweyo eYurophu 2017. Ukukhula kwamva nje kunye neziphumo zokunkqonkqoza, apho inkqubela phambili enkulu iphumelele khona amandla ahlaziyekayo kwi-European Union ngo-2014.

Ngokunjalo, olu hlalutyo belufuna ukuphendula ukuba ukwanda kwamandla ahlaziyekayo eYurophu kule minyaka ilishumi idlulileyo kube negalelo kusini na ukunciphisa ukukhutshwa kwegesi kunye nokusetyenziswa kwezibaso eYurophu, ngaphezu kokuthelekisa ukukhula kwamandla ahlaziyekayo kweminye imimandla yomhlaba.

Amazwe anamandla ahlaziyekayo eYurophu

Okwangoku, amandla ahlaziyekayo abe Umdlali ophambili kwimarike yamandla yaseYurophu. Ngo-2013, isabelo samandla ahlaziyekayo ekusebenziseni amandla okugqibela sisuke kwi-15% saya kwi-16% ngowama-2014, kwaye ngokutsho kwedatha ye-EUROSTAT, ngo-2015 yafikelela kwi-16,7%. Ezi pesenti zahluka kakhulu phakathi kwamazwe. Umzekelo, amazwe aseNordic afana neFinland okanye iSweden ajikeleze iipesenti ezingama-30, kwaye iLuxembourg okanye iMalta ijikeleze iipesenti ezintlanu.

Umoya waseSweden

Amandla akhula ngokukhawuleza akhulayo eYurophu

Ukusetyenziswa kobushushu

Eyona ndawo iphambili yamandla ahlaziyekayo yile ukusetyenziswa kobushushu. Ngo-2014, amandla ahlaziyekayo amele iipesenti ezili-18 zawo onke amandla okusetyenziswa kwezi njongo. Nangona ukusukela ngo-2005 zombini i-biogas kunye neempompo zobushushu be-geothermal ziye zafumana ukukhula okubaluleke kakhulu. Nangona i-biomass iseyeyona nto iphambili inokuphinda ihlaziyeke ngale ndlela.

Kukho amazwe apho ukusetyenziswa kobushushu kwemithombo evuselelekayo emelwe ngo-2014 ngaphezulu kwama-50% ewonke ukusetyenziswa kokugqibela kwamandla ahlaziyekayo, amazwe anjengeFinland, iFrance, iPoland, iSweden, njl.

Umoya kunye namandla e-photovoltaic

Ngokuphathelele umbane eveliswe kwimithombo yobutyebi bendalo, yintengiso yesibini yamandla ahlaziyekayo. Inkqubo ye- umoya waselunxwemeni ofana nonxweme (ulwandle), kunye ne-photovoltaic. Phantse iipesenti ezingama-28 zawo onke umbane osetyenzisiweyo ngo-2014 kwi-European Union yonke inemvelaphi enokuphinda ihlaziywe, kwaye mane kuphela amazwe akweli qela elinokusebenzisa ngaphezulu kwesiqingatha sombane wawo kwimithombo enokuphinda ihlaziyeke, phakathi kwawo yiSpain.

Ifama yomoya elwandle

Izinto eziphilayo

Malunga ne Icandelo lezothutho, ngokusisiseko zi ii-biofuels, ezi zimele phantse i-90% yesabelo esihlaziyiweyo kwicandelo. Nangona kunjalo, ngalo lonke ixesha une ubukho bombane ukusetyenziswa kokuhamba.

I-European Union akufuneki iphumle usuku, nakweliphi na kula macandelo mathathu akhankanyiweyo, ukuze ikwazi ukuthobela Iinjongo ezizinzileyo yamandla ahlaziyekayo ngo-2020.

Oku kubalulekile kuba kunxulumene ngokusondeleyo nokunciphisa Ukukhutshwa kweegesi zegreenhouse kumoya ojikeleze umhlaba kunye ukwehla kokusetyenziswa kwepetroli, ikakhulu amalahle kunye negesi yendalo, kuba njengeoyile isetyenziswa ikakhulu kwicandelo lezothutho kwaye yiyo kanye indawo apho izinto ezinokuhlaziywa zinokubaluleka okuncinci, nangona oku kulindeleke ukuba kutshintshe kule minyaka izayo.

CO2

Ukumoshwa komoya

Utyalomali kwiiprojekthi zamandla ahlaziyekayo

Okokugqibela bonisa ukuba utyalo mali Ukuqhutywa kweprojekthi yamandla ahlaziyekayo kuvumele amandla afakiweyo ukuba aphindwe kabini ngo-2 ukuya ku-2005.

Imimandla enje ngeAsia, iOceania, iBrazil, iTshayina neIndiya kulapho olu lwando luye lwabonakala kakhulu. E-China, amandla afakiweyo aphindwe kane ngeli thuba likhankanyiweyo, ukuba yinkokeli kumandla elanga photovoltaic kunye namandla omoya.

ILongyangxia Hydro Solar

Apha ngezantsi sinokubona umzekelo wotyalo-mali lwexesha elizayo kwilizwe lethu

I-110 megawatt solar photovoltaic SuperPark eGuillena (Seville)

Amandla elanga eFrance

Ngokwe-BOE ka-Epreli 17, iRovable de Sevilla SL inayo iqinisekisiwe amandla abo asemthethweni, obuchwephesha kunye noqoqosho ukwenza iprojekthi. Iinkcukacha zoxwebhu ezithe zakhutshwa yiKhomishini yoLawulo yokuLawulwa kweKhomishini kaZwelonke yeMakethi noKhuphiswano Ingxelo entle, yamkelwe yiBhodi yaBalawuli ngoFebruwari 7, 2017.

Olu fakelo luya kuthi ekugqibeleni lube nalo I-110,4 MW, iya kuba yakhiwe koomasipala baseSalteras naseGuillena, kwiphondo laseSeville.

isola yelanga

Umgca ophezulu wokufuduka (kwi-220 kV) unayo Imvelaphi yesixhobo sombane esiguquliweyo esingu-220/20 kV, eqhuba indlela yayo eya kwisitishi esincinci sika-220 kV iSalteras, ephethwe yiRed Eléctrica de España, kwaye iya kuba nobude obungaphantsi kwe-10 km. ICandelo loMgaqo-nkqubo wezeMandla kunye neMigodi libhengeze «eziluncedo kuluntuMsgstr "Lo mgca.

Inkampani leyo iya kuphuhlisa Le projekthi yiSpanish Ansasol, eyichaza kwiwebhusayithi yayo (ansasol.de/es«Unesivumelwano sokutyikitya esisayinwe kunye neminyaka engama-31, iyandiswa kangangesithuba seminyaka eli-12 ngaphezulu ».

Indawo ekhethiweyo (i-Guillena) ine-average ye-irradiance ethe tyaba (0º) yeeyure ezili-1.805 zeekhilowathi kwimitha nganye nganye. I-Ansasol iqikelela ukuveliswa kwee-megawatt ezingama-177.000 ngonyaka, elingana neeyure ezili-1.603 zeekhilowathi nge kilowatt incopho.

 


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