Kasar Iceland na hakar rijiyar da ke karkashin kasa a tsakiyar dutsen mai fitad da wuta

Islandia

Iceland tana tono Mafi zurfin zurfin ruwa a duniya a tsakiyar dutsen mai aman wuta wanda ke da zurfin kilomita 5 don cin gajiyar makamashin da yake sabuntawa.

Kuma wannan shine tsananin matsi da zafin da yake akwai a wannan zurfin zai iya samun wutar lantarki 30 zuwa 50 MW daga rijiyar da take samar dashi. Iceland shine shugaban duniya a cikin amfani da makamashin geothermal kuma yana samar da kimanin kashi 26 cikin ɗari na wutan lantarki daga tushen geothermal.

Installedarfin ƙarfin shigar da shuke-shuke da wutar lantarki ya kasance jimlar 665 MW a cikin 2013 kuma samarwar ta kai 5.245 GWh.

Rijiyar mai tazara mai tsawon kilomita 2,5 a filayen Icelandic shine makamashi kwatankwacin kusan 5 MW. Masana kimiyya suna tsammanin a kari da goma a cikin fitaccen ƙarfin rijiyar lokacin da ake haƙa zurfin zurfin ramin ƙasa. A zurfin kilomita 5, matsanancin matsin lamba da zafi sama da digiri 500 a ma'aunin Celsius zai haifar da "hayaƙi mai raɗaɗi" wanda zai ƙara ingancin injin turbin ɗin.

Wani kamfanin hadin gwiwa na Statoil da Iceland Deep Drilling Project (IDDP), shine rijiyar mafi kyau a duniya a halin yanzu, wanda ake hakowa. a kan tsibirin Reykjanes, inda dutsen dutsen mai tsafta ya ɓarke ​​shekaru 700 da suka wuce.

Un irin wannan ƙoƙari shekaru shida da suka gabata ƙare a cikin bala'i, tare da na'urar motsa jiki da ke taba magma a zurfin kilomita 2,1, lalata layin rawar. Ásgeir margeirsson, Shugaba na aikin iyaye HS Orka, ya ce:

Babu tabbacin hakan abubuwa suna tafiya daidai, a irin wannan zurfin kowane abu na iya juyawa zuwa masifa a cikin ɗan lokaci kaɗan. Duk wannan na iya samun ƙarshen da ba zato ba tsammani, domin saboda wasu dalilai ba za a iya haƙa shi da zurfi ba. Ba ma fatan tabo magma, amma za mu haƙa a cikin dumi dumi. Kuma ta dutsen dumi, muna nufin Celsius digiri 400 zuwa 500.

Domin shekaru 7 masu zuwa shirin IDDP sune haƙa kuma gwada jerin rijiyoyi hakan zai ratsa yankunan da aka yi amannar cewa akwai shi a karkashin filayen da ke amfani da shi a cikin Iceland.


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