Isibikezelo samandla omoya ngo-2030 ngokusho kwe-PREPA

umoya amandla spain

I-Wind Energy Business Association (AEE) isilungiselele ukuhlaziywa 'Izinto ezidingekayo ekuguqulweni kwamandla. Iziphakamiso ze- umkhakha kagesi', ayithumele eKomidini Labachwepheshe Lokushintshwa Kwezamandla.

Inhloso yenhlangano ukwenza a isiphakamiso esingokoqobo ekunikeleni kwamandla omoya ekuxubeni kagesi ngo-2020, 2030 nango-2050. Ukuguqulwa kwamandla kudinga ukuhlelwa kwesikhathi eside.

I-PREPA isithathe njengesithenjwa isimo esiphakanyiswe yi-European Commission ngokuya ngemodeli ye-PRIMES yango-2030, ebikezela ukukhula okuncane kakhulu ukufunwa kukagesi. I-PREPA ibeke imigomo emikhulu yokufaka ugesi kanye ne-decarbonisation, ukuze kuhlangatshezwane nomgomo weSivumelwano SaseParis sokuzama ukunciphisa ukuncipha kukagesi ngo-80 ngonyaka ngo-95.

CO2

Umkhakha kagesi kufanele ukwazi ukuhlangabezana nesidingo esisha sikagesi ngaphandle kokuhlawulisa imigomo yokunciphisa ukungcola.

Njengesifinyezo sombiko, amandla omoya afakwe ngo-2020 izofinyelela Ama-28.000 MW (kubhekelwa indali yamandla amasha asevele akhishwa ngo-2016 nango-2017 kanye nesilinganiso somoya seCanary Island), ukuze amandla omoya akhuphuke ngo-1.700 MW ngonyaka ngokwesilinganiso phakathi kokuphela kuka-2017 nasekuqaleni kuka-2020. kule minyaka eyishumi elandelayo izokhuphuka nge-1.200 MW ngonyaka ngokwesilinganiso kuze kube yi-2030, ifinyelela kuma-40.000 MW wamandla afakiwe.

Amandla omoya

Ngenxa yalezi zinjini zomoya ezintsha, ukukhishwa komkhakha kagesi waseSpain kuzonciphisa ngo-2020 ngama-30% uma kuqhathaniswa nango-2005 (unyaka oyisithenjwa wohlelo lokuhweba ngamakhemikhali aseYurophu, i-ETS ngamagama ayo esiNgisini) nangama-42% ngonyaka ka-2030.

Esimweni esihle kakhulu, ukunqanyulwa kwamandla kagesi kuzoba ngama-100% ngonyaka ka-2040. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ingxube kagesi yaseSpain izofinyelela kuma-40% funa ukumbozwa ngokuvuselelwa ngo-2020, 62% ngo-2030, 92% ngo-2040 no-100% ngo-2050.

Ukwenza ukufakwa kwe- amandla amasha womoya omusha okubangelwa yisimo se-PREPA, kuyadingeka ukuthi kube lula, ukuzinza nokuphepha kumthethonqubo.

I-turbine yomoya

Ngokusho komqondisi we-AEE, uJuan Virgilio Márquez: “Imodeli yamandla yamanje ayihambisani nezinhloso esizibekele zona eYurophu. Ukuhlelwa kwamandla kwemodeli entsha kumele kwenziwe esikhathini eside ngokubonakala nokuxhumana kwe- izinqubomgomo ezeqile. Ngaphezu kwalokho, imakethe kufanele inikeze izimpawu ezanele zokutshalwa kwezimali futhi uhlaka lwezimali kufanele lube ngolungile. Ukuphathwa kwenqubo kubalulekile futhi kufanele kube nenhloso futhi kuzimele. Umkhakha womoya ulungiselelwe futhi uyancintisana ukuhlinzeka uhlelo ngamandla omoya adingekayo ukufeza izinhloso ze-decarbonisation, enikezela ngaphezu kuka-30% wamandla kagesi ngonyaka ka-2030. Ngokuya ngesimo esenziwe yi-AEE, amandla afakiwe ngo-2020 kufanele abe ngama-28.000 MW futhi ngo-2030 bekungaba ngama-40.000 MW. Ngo-2050, amandla omoya afakiwe abe ngama-60.000 MW ”.

Uma isimo se-PREPA sokufaka amandla omoya sihlangatshezwa, bekungaba cishe izinzuzo zezilwane. Ezinye zazo kungaba:

• Ukuvikelwa kwamandla eSpain kuzothuthuka njengoba ukungeniswa kukaphethiloli kwehliswa ngamathani ayizigidi eziyi-18 kawoyela

• Kungasho imisebenzi engama-32.000 emkhakheni womoya

• Umnikelo ku-GDP ungaba ngaphezu kwezigidi ezingama-4.000 zama-euro

• Kungagwema ukukhishwa kwamathani ayizigidi ezingama-47 e-CO2

Emkhakheni womoya waseSpain uzoba nezinzuzo ezinkulu njenge:

- Ukuvuselelwa komsebenzi wezimboni kanye nezobuchwepheshe ngenxa yokufakwa kwamandla amasha ngezinga nomthamo ofana nowale minyaka eyishumi edlule.

- Ukuthuthukiswa kwemakethe yangaphakathi kuzothuthukisa isikhundla sokuncintisana (umnotho wesikali, ubuholi bezobuchwepheshe, ochwepheshe abaqeqeshiwe, njll.) wezinkampani zaseSpain, ezizokwengeza ukuthunyelwa kwamanye amazwe.

- Umsebenzi wokulungiswa kwezakhiwo uzodlala indima ebaluleke kakhulu.

Ekuhlaziyweni 'Izinto ezidingekayo ekuguqulweni kwamandla. Iziphakamiso zomkhakha kagesi ', i-AEE iphakamisa ukwamukelwa kochungechunge lwezinyathelo zikakhonkolo emkhakheni kagesi ukwenza lula umnikelo wamandla avuselelekayo ekufezeni izinhloso ngo-2030 no-2050. Izinyathelo zigxilwe ezindaweni eziyisithupha: Ukulawulwa kanye noHlaka lokulawulwa kohlaka , intela, izindlela ezintsha zezimali, phakathi kokunye.

Ezinye zazo izinyathelo zikakhonkolo, ezikhonjiswe ngezindawo ezahlukahlukene, yilezi:

Ukuhlela nohlaka lokulawula

  • Chaza izinhloso eziyimpoqo ze- 2030 womkhakha, uvumela indlela eqhubekayo (2031-2050) ukufeza inhloso yokwehliswa okungu-80-95% kokukhishwa kwe-CO2 ngo-2050.

Ukukhishwa kwamagesi abamba ukushisa

  • Susa izindleko kwisikweletu sikagesi umfokazi ukuphakela.
  • Sungula uhlaka oluzinzile lokufakwa kwamandla avuselelekayo: izindlela ezizinzile zemiholo, indlela yokuqalisa kanye nohlelo lwezikhathi indalini.
  • Lungiselela ukutshalwa kwezimali ku ukuxhumana phakathi kwamazwe ukuqinisekisa ukuthekelisa okungaphezulu.

Intela

• Sungula uhlelo lwentela ezemvelo lokho kusiza abatshalizimali ukuthi batshale imali kumandla asebenzayo futhi ahlanzekile, ngokuya ngomqondo wokuthi "ongcolisayo uyakhokha".

• Susa intela ngokuphelele iqoqo ezintweni ezivuselelekayo, njengezimali ezivuselelekayo zesifunda kanye nentela yokukhiqiza ugesi.

Ukuvela kobuchwepheshe 

• Ukugunyaza uHlelo Lukazwelonke lwe Ugesi, ehlanganisa yonke imikhakha, ikakhulukazi ezokuthutha.

• Sebenzisa a uhlaka lokulawula lokho kukhuthaza ukuzisebenzisela kanye nokugcina amandla.

• Hlela izindlela zokulawula, ezomnotho noma ezezimali ezikhuthaza ukunikwa amandla nokwandiswa kwempilo yamapaki ezindaweni ezinomthombo omkhulu womoya.

Ukufakwa kwe-windmill


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.