Intuthuko Entsha Emandleni Omoya

 

imishini yomoya

Lokho amandla omoya Ungamandla amakhulu avuselelekayo emhlabeni aziwa yibo bonke. Ubufakazi balokhu intuthuko eyenziwe eminyakeni edlule ku khuphula amandla akhiqizwa yi-turbine yomoya ngayinye ngama-multinationals asebenza kulo mkhakha, ikakhulukazi kuma-wind turbines enza umsebenzi wawo olwandle oluvulekile.

Amandla omoya afakwe emhlabeni ikhule ngo-12,4% ngo-2016, kuze kufike ku-486.749 MW, ngokusho kwedatha evela ku-Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC). I-China, i-United States, i-Germany, i-India ne-Spain bangabakhiqizi abahamba phambili emhlabeni.

Ingqophamlando yakamuva emandleni omoya

Ingqophamlando yakamuva maqondana nalokhu isanda kumenyezelwa yinkampani, inyunyana phakathi kwamazwe aseDenmark IVestas neMitsubishi yaseJapan eyaziwa ngokuthi iMhivestasoffshore.

Bakhe uhlobo oluthile lwe-Umkhiqizi we-9 MW osebeni lolwandle yamandla, efakwe ogwini lwaseDenmark, ekwazi ukukhiqiza ngamahora angama-24 kuphela inani lamandla alingana nalokho okwakungadliwa yindlu e-United States amashumi amabili eminyaka. Yenzelwe ikakhulukazi isivinini somoya phakathi 12 no-25 wamamitha ngomzuzwana.

umshini womoya

Kwanele ukuvula ikhaya iminyaka engama-66

Ngokusho kukaTorben UHvid Larsen, IVestas CTO:

"Wethu prototype isethe elinye irekhodi lesizukulwane, ngama-216.000 kWh akhiqizwe esikhathini samahora angama-24. Siyathemba ukuthi lo injini ephehla ugesi engu-9 MW kukhombise ukuthi ikulungele ukumaketha, futhi sikholwa wukuthi izodlala indima enkulu ekwehliseni izintengo zamandla omoya asolwandle. "

Imvamisa ukukhuluma ngama-kilowatts kunzima futhi kungabonakali. Kepha ngokusho kwezindikimba ezisemthethweni, ukusetshenziswa kwamandla kagesi okujwayelekile kwekhaya laseSpain kungu-3.250 kWh ngonyaka. Inani eliphakeme kancane kunokusetshenziswa kwaminyaka yonke kokuhlala emadolobheni emadolobheni amakhulu aseNingizimu Melika. Ukubheka lokhu, usuku lokukhiqiza lungahlinzeka ugesi ekhaya elijwayelekile iminyaka engaphezu kwengu-66.

Ukuze sikwazi ukuthola umbono ngokubaluleka kokuthuthuka, yi-turbine yomoya elinganisayo Amamitha ayi-220 ukuphakama (ngokufana nesakhiwo eside kunazo zonke edolobheni lase Madrid). Amacembe ayo ajikelezayo ku-Rotor angaphezulu nje kwamamitha angama-83 futhi anesisindo esingaphezu kwamathani angama-38.

umshini womoya

Uhlobo olwakhiwe luyisandulela semodeli yangaphambilini engu-8 MW, efanayo naleso esinye isigebenga samandla omoya njengeGerman naso esinaso kuphothifoliyo Siemens.

Izinzuzo zamandla omoya nomoya ophephela emoyeni

Ukubaluleka kwalokhu akuyona kangako iqiniso lokuthi ube ne- umshini omkhulu omkhulu womoya onamandla, kodwa futhi ngenxa yentuthuko engathuthukiswa ekufakweni kwalo mthombo wamandla futhi ongasetshenziswa ekufakweni komhlaba nakulokho okutholakala olwandle.

ILondon Array Offshore

Ngaphezu kwalokho, lokhu okushiwo ngenhla kusho ukukwazi ukukhiqiza ifayela le- ugesi wamanani aphansi ovela emthonjeni wendabuko ngokuphelele nokuthi ayikhiphi amagesi abamba ukushisa.

Ungayisebenzisa kuphi?

Umbuzo owodwa esingazibuza wona ukuthi ngabe lokhu kuyasebenza kunoma iyiphi insimu. Impendulo icacile, ngakho konke ukufakwa kwasogwini nasolwandle.

Ngokuqondene nokwangaphambili, kungakuhle ukukhomba ukuthi ukunika amandla amapulazi omoya, etholakala kakhulu ezindaweni ezinezinsizakusebenza ezinkulu nangamandla omoya aphansi, ngoba kwakuyizindawo zokuqala lapho la madivayisi afakwa khona, kuvumelekile ukufakwa kwemishini emisha yomoya emikhulu (ngaphandle kokufinyelela kulezo ezingafakwa olwandle , ngenxa yomthelela wezemvelo abangawenza ezindaweni ezithile).

Imishini yomoya

Ngokuqondene nokufakwa olwandle, lokho wonke umuntu avumelana ngakho ukufaka amadivayisi wamandla aphezulu kakhulu.

Offshore

Njengoba ugesi ovela emoyeni uncintisana kakhulu Ngemithombo ejwayelekile, imithombo etholakalayo yokuphenya kuyo iphezulu kakhuluNgakho-ke, ukuzuzwa kwerekhodi elisha esikhathini esifushane akunqatshelwe.

Ngubani ozolandela kulo mjaho?


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.