Amandla elanga angalawula okuvuselelekayo ngo-2030

Amandla elanga

Mayelana namandla ahlanzekile, i- amandla i-solarokulimaza intuthuko esheshayo eminyakeni emihlanu edlule, kusalokhu kuncishisiwe emhlabeni jikelele, kusele kakhulu emuva amandla umoya, i-biomass futhi ikakhulukazi i-hydropower. Ngenxa yentuthuko yezobuchwepheshe yakamuva kanye nentuthuko eqhubekayo yezobuchwepheshe, amandla elanga kungenzeka ukuthi amandla ahlanzekile navuselelekayo anomkhawulo omkhulu wokuqhubekela phambili phakathi kwamanje namashumi ambalwa eminyaka alandelayo, futhi okuqine kakhulu okungenzeka ukuba ngumthombo wokuqala wamandla esintwini, ngaphambi maphakathi naleli khulu leminyaka.

Ngokusho amaphaneli izingibe elaboy, izinga lokuguqulwa kokukhanya libe ugesi liyisici esibalulekile maqondana nentuthuko nenzuzo. Lo mkhawulo omkhulu usanda kudlulela ku-46%, irekhodi elisha lomhlaba. Leli zinga lizuzwe yi iseli i-solar ihlanganiswe ngokuhlanganyela yi-CEA-Leti, inkampani yaseFrance iSoitec, kanye neFraunhofer Institute yezinhlelo zamandla elanga eJalimane.

Ngokuphikisana ne- amaphaneli elaboy ezisetshenziswa kabanzi namuhla, lawa maseli amasha awakhiwe nge-silicon, kodwa asebenzisa amanye ama-semiconductors, avela ezintweni ezibizwa nge-III-V ngoba zakhiwe izakhi amakhemikhali ibalwa phakathi kwekholomu yesithathu neyesihlanu yethebula lezikhathi zikaMendeleev.

Lokhu okusha abaqoqi Amapaneli asebenza ngelanga asebenza kahle akhiwe ngobuningi bezingqimba eziningana, ngayinye iphendula ekukhanyeni ebangeni elithile. Enye inzuzo, lolu hlobo olusha lwamaseli elanga lungakhiqizwa ngosizo lwe- ubuchwepheshe iphethwe ngokuphelele yimboni iminyaka engama-20. Lawa maseli we-III-V ngakho-ke angasetshenziswa ngezinga elikhulu ezitshalweni ezinkulu zelanga elisezindaweni ezishisayo noma eziwugwadule ilanga qondisa.

Ekusetshenzisweni kwangempela, ensimini, ukusebenza kuzoba phansi kancane, kepha kufanele kudlule ama-40%. Izinga le- ukuguqulwa okunamandla ngenhla kwesilinganiso samanje samanje sama-25% wamaseli wokugcina ku-silicon.

Ngokwengxenye yayo, iqembu Ai-rmor wethule ukwenziwa kwayo okusha emasontweni ambalwa edlule, a movie elaboy mncane futhi u-organic okufanele uvumele isikhathi eside ukuguqula izindawo eziningi, kulezi zinsuku ezingasetshenzisiwe, zibe ngamapaneli elanga akhiqiza ugesi.

Esebenzisa ubuchwepheshe bakhe be-ink chemistry nobuchwepheshe bokuphrinta, Zempi ithuthukise ngokuhlangana neCambrios Technologies, a movie organic elaboy. Incane kakhulu, ingakwazi ukuzivumelanisa nanoma yiluphi uhlobo lobuso. Impela, le filimu esebenza ngelanga njengamanje inedrama ephindwe kabili nengxenye ephansi kunaleyo yephaneli yakudala, kepha lokhu kukhubazeka ikakhulu kunxeshezelwa ngokulula kokukhiqizwa nokufakwa kwayo.

Ngalezi amabhayisikobho izingibe nezimo, singacabanga ukuthi wonke umuntu uzokwazi, eminyakeni embalwa nje ukusuka manje, ukukhiqiza kalula futhi unomphela amandla kagesi adingekayo ezintweni ezincane, njengalezo ezikhumulweni izinto zokwenza izinto ngogesi Ngokwesibonelo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ngokungafani namapaneli e-silicon aqinile manje, lawa mafilimu aguquguqukayo awasebenzisi imihlaba engajwayelekile, okukhishwa kwayo okubeka engcupheni yokukhathala eminyakeni embalwa.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.