Ipulazi lomoya lika-Iberdrola elingasogwini eWikinger selivele lixhunywe kugridi

Imishini yomoya emikhulu

Igridi kagesi yaseJalimane isivele iyayijabulela i- ukuxhumana wepulazi lomoya laseWikinger elisogwini olwandle, elakhiwe ngonyaka odlule nohhafu emanzini aseJalimane e IBaltic Sea.

Le phrojekthi ibandakanye ukutshalwa kwezimali okungaba yizigidi ezingama-1.400 zama-euro. Ipaki ine Ama-wind turbines angama-70, uhlinzeka ngamamegawathi angama-350 wamandla we-net, okwazi ukunikeza amandla avuselelekayo emakhaya angaba ngama-350.000.

EPaki kuzogwema ukukhishwa emkhathini kwamathani angaba ngu-600.000 we-CO2 ngonyaka, futhi unganikela ngaphezu kuka-20% wesifundazwe lapho sitholakala khona (iMecklenburg-Western Pomerania).

Umoya

Ipaki uqobo lwayo lisogwini olusenyakatho-mpumalanga yesiqhingi saseJalimane iRügen. Le nkampani inesikhungo sokulawula, ukulawula nokugcina ethekwini laseSassnitz.

imishini yomoya yasolwandle

UKUQALA

Isikebhe sisetshenziselwe ukwakha ipaki Isikhathi Esinesibindi, wenkampani yemikhumbi kaFred Olsen. Umkhumbi ongajwayelekile: unezinsika ezine ezinkulu zensimbi ezibotshiwe ezibukeka njengoshimula kanye nendwe enkulu kunayo yonke phakathi kwazo.

Umhlangano wepulazi lomoya wasolwandle

Lawa makholamu anokuhlukahluka okuthi, lapho umkhumbi ususelwandle oluphakeme, umshini ubenza bangene ekujuleni kolwandle futhi babe izidladla ezine lapho umkhumbi uhlala khona ukuze i-crane ikwazi ukuhamba nokulungisa imishini yomoya ezisekelweni ezitshalwe maphakathi noLwandle iBaltic. Inezindleko zama-euro ayizi-200.000 ngosuku.

Izinqwaba ezingama-280 ezilinganisa amamitha angama-40 ubude nezinesisindo samathani ayi-150, ezakhiwe yinkampani yase-Asturian iWindar, zifakiwe olwandle. Izisekelo ezingama-70 lapho sekela imishini yomoya, enamathani angama-620 lilinye, yenziwe yinkampani yaseDenmark iBladt, endaweni yayo yemikhumbi eLindo (eDenmark), kanye neSpanishi Navantia, endaweni yokulungisa imikhumbi eFene (La Coruña). Inkontileka neNavantia yaba ngama-euro ayizigidi ezingama-160.

Imishini yenjini le yenziwe yinkampani yakwa-Adwen ezitshalweni zayo eBremerhaven naseStade (eJalimane), ngayinye ine-5 MW yamandla. Enye yezingqalasizinda ezibalulekile zepaki, i- indawo I-marina «Andalucía», yakhiwe yiNavantia ezikhungweni zayo ePuerto Real (Cádiz).

izindwani zomoya ophephela

Ukufakwa, okunesisindo Amathani we-8.500 (ngaphezu kwe-Eiffel Tower neSitatimende Sokukhululeka ndawonye), iyisikhungo samandla epaki futhi izosetshenziswa ngokuhlanganyela ngu-Iberdrola no-50 Hertz, opharetha wohlelo lukagesi lwaseJalimane.

Izigayo zixhunywe komunye nomunye nasendaweni engaphansi kwe-Andalusia ngamasekethe ayi-12. Isakhiwo, okuyi- ukuvala utshalomali kuma-euro ayizigidi eziyi-1.400, izoba namandla wamamegawathi angama-350 (MW), ezinhlanu nge-turbine yomoya ngayinye. U-Iberdrola, ozoqhuba lesi siqiwi iminyaka engama-25, ulindele inzuzo engaba yizigidi ezingama-220 ngonyaka.

Iberdrola

U-Iberdrola uzibophezele ekunqobeni amandla omoya aselwandle njengenye yezikhiye zekusasa lenkampani. Amazwe akhethwe ukwenza umsebenzi wawo kulokhu ibhizinisi elisha Okwamanje, yi-United Kingdom, iJalimane, iFrance ne-United States.

amandla omoya aphesheya kwezilwandle

 

I-WoDS

Le nkampani yafinyelela eqophelweni eliphezulu ngo-2014, ngokuba yinkampani yokuqala yaseSpain ukuqala ipulazi lomoya, iWest of Duddon Sands (WoDS). U-Iberdrola wenza lo msebenzi ngokusebenzisa inkampani yakhe yaseBrithani iScottishPower Renewables nasesibambisaneni nenkampani yaseDenmark iDong, etshala imali engaphezu kwamaphawundi ayizigidi eziyi-1.600 phakathi kwabo. I-WoDS inamandla we-389 MW, evumela ukuthi ikhiqize amandla kagesi ngokwanele ukuhlangabezana nesidingo semindeni yaseBrithani engaba ngu-300.000.

EMpumalanga Anglia One

 

Ngokunjalo, u-Iberdrola ulungiselela ukuqala kulo nyaka ukwakhiwa kwephrojekthi yakhe yesithathu yasogwini lolwandle, ipulazi lomoya i-East Anglia One, elinamandla angama-714 MW azonikeza amandla ahlanzekile emindenini engaphezu kwe-500.000 yamaNgisi, iphrojekthi enkulu kunazo zonke yaseSpain emlandweni. umkhakha ovuselelekayo futhi omkhulu kakhulu ipulazi lomoya elwandle wezwe lapho ingena ku-inthanethi ngo-2020 ngemuva kokutshalwa kwezimali kwamakhilogremu ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-2.500. Abakwa Siemens bazophatha ukuhlinzeka ngama-turbine ayi-102 we-7 MW weyunithi umthamo wale paki yasolwandle, ezokwakhiwa ngumkhiqizi waseGerman ezikhungweni zayo ezintsha ezisedolobheni laseHull, enyakatho-mpumalanga ye-England.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, u-Iberdrola ucele uHulumeni waseBrithani wandise lesi sikhungo kuze kufike ku-2.000 MW. Kuze kube manje, wethule iziphathimandla zase-UK isiphakamiso sokwakha ipulazi lomoya i-East Anglia Three, elizoba namandla we-1.200 MW.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.