ISpain inciphisa ukukhishwa kwayo kwegesi ngenxa yokuvuselelwa

Ukukhishwa kwamagesi abamba ukushisa

Ukukhishwa kwegesi engcolisa umoya opholile kufanele kwehliswe ukuze kuhlangatshezwane nezinhloso ezibekwe Yisivumelwano SaseParis. Ngokunciphisa ukukhishwa kwegesi sizama ukunqanda imiphumela emibi yokuguquka kwesimo sezulu.

Ngamandla avuselelekayo, ukukhishwa kungagwenywa ngoba kungamandla ahlanzekile. ISpain ikhiphe amathani ayizigidi ezingama-323,8 we-CO2 ngo-2016, Ngaphansi kuka-3,5% kunango-2015, ngenxa yokwehla okuphawulekayo kwamagesi emkhakheni kagesi, ngenxa yokwehla kwama-29% ekusetshenzisweni kwamalahle futhi ukwanda kwesizukulwane sokuphehla ugesi ngo-25,5% uma kuqhathaniswa nonyaka odlule. Ngabe ukuvuselelwa okunomthelela ekwehlisweni kwamagesi?

Ukukhishwa komhlaba jikelele eSpain kwakukhuphuke ngo-2016% ngonyaka ka-13 kunango-1990. Unyaka ka-1990 wunyaka okubhekiselwe kuwo ukukhishwa kwegesi ngeKyoto Protocol. Kodwa-ke, ngo-2016 kwakhishwa amagesi angaphansi kuka-26% kunango-2005.

Lezi yizindaba ezinhle lapho kubhekene nemiphumela yokushintsha kwesimo sezulu ohlangothini lwaseSpain. Izwe lethu lisengozini enkulu kuyo yonke imiphumela yesimo sezulu elethwa ukufudumala komhlaba. Isibonelo, ukukhuphuka kolwandle kuyinkinga enkulu.

ISpain izibophezele ekwehliseni ukungcola okuvela emkhakheni wezimboni ngama-21% uma kuqhathaniswa nango-1990 ngo-2020 kanye nokukhishwa okuvela emkhakheni osakazeka ngo-10% (okubandakanya ezolimo, ezokuthutha, ukwakha noma imfucuza futhi ukwehliswa kwayo kuncike, ngokwengxenye, kuzinqubomgomo zombuso).

Amagesi avela embonini (usimende, iphepha, amakhemikhali, insimbi namanye amaminerali), abengama-38% esewonke ngonyaka ka-2016, ehle ngo-10%, kanti lawo avela emikhakheni esabalalayo akhule ngo-0,9% uma kuqhathaniswa nonyaka odlule.

Kodwa-ke, ezokuthutha, okungumsebenzi ongcolisa kakhulu ngoba kunezimoto eziningi ezisakazwayo, Imele ama-27% wamagesi esewonke, enyuka ngo-3,1% uma kuqhathaniswa nango-2015.

Izindaba ezinhle ukuthi uma iSpain iqhubeka nokunciphisa ukukhishwa kwayo, izokwazi ukufeza izinhloso ezibekelwe i-2020.

 

 


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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.