Radiation kubva kuchikafu

radiation

La radiation kubva kuchikafu, zviri pamutemo inonzi ionization, inosanganisira kuisa chikafu kune ionizing radiation, gamma mwaranzi uye X-ray. Maitiro aya, akaumbwa muma40 nevasayendisiti veFrance, nekuda kwezvinodiwa zvekuchinjana kwenyika, zvinoita kuti zvigone kusvibisa chikafu, kudzvinyirira zvimwe microorganisms uye zvipembenene, kunonoka kukura, zvinodzivisa kumera uye zvirinani kuchengetedza chikafu. Iyo zvakare inobvumidza zvirinani kutakura pamusoro penzvimbo refu, uye -refu-kwenguva chengetedzo.

Kubatsira kwechikafu chemwaranzi

La chikafu che radiation hazviite chikafu chine radioactive. Iyo haifanire kuvhiringidzwa nekusvibiswa nemwaranzi. Kazhinji inoratidzwa seisingakuvadzi kupfuura dzimwe nzira dzekuchengetedza indasitiri, hunyanzvi uhu hunoita kuti zvive nyore kudzivirira kushandiswa kwemakemikari zvigadzirwa.

Izvo zvakare zvakareruka kushandisa kupfuura iyo chando, uye inogona kuiswa kune zvese zvigadzirwa, kusanganisira zvigadzirwa zvitsva, zvinopesana nekupisa-kwakavakirwa kurapwa.

Vatsigiri ve chikafu che radiation Vanozviratidza sechishamiso kugadzirisa maronda anotakurwa nechikafu. Nehurombo, ongororo zhinji dzesainzi dzinoratidza miganho uye njodzi dzehutano hwemwaranzi zvakare.

Ngozi dzemwaranzi

Mamwe masangano mukuchengetedza vatengi uye nharaunda inoratidzira kushomeka kwehutano hwehutano hwevhitamini huri mune chikafu. Kunyangwe radiation ichikwana kuuraya zvisikwa zvakakwirira, haibvise chepfu inoburitswa nehutachiona nefungi. Zvisinei, inogona kuparadza vitamini uye kukonzera kuumbwa kwezvinhu zvichangobva kuumbwa kana mahara radicals anokuvadza kune hutano hwechikafu.

Vamwe mabhakitiriya Izvo zvinonyanya kubatsira sezvo ivo vachiita pakuonekwa kwechikafu uye nekudaro vachibvumira vatengi kuwana izvo zvinofungira chikafu. Zvikafu zvine radiation zvinoratidzika kunge zvine hutano, asi hazvigare zvine hutano. Nechikonzero ichi, radiation inogona kushandiswa kuvhara zvigadzirwa zvakanyanyisa kukoshesa uye hazvifanire kudyiwa kubva kune vatengi, uye nekudaro zvinogona kutsiviwa nezvakanaka. maitiro utsanana kana zvekudzokorodza zvigadzirwa zvinosvika panopera nguva.

ari zvokudya ionized aigona kunge aine zvinhu zvinofungidzirwa kuti zvine carcinogenic Padanho iri, mhuka dzerabhoritari dzinodyiswa nechikafu chakaburitswa kwenguva yakareba dzinotambura nezvirwere zvemagene, matambudziko ekubereka, kuora uye kufa mangwanani.

Njodzi kunharaunda

Kubva pakuona kwezvakatipoteredza, tinogona kutaura iyo ngozi zvine chekuita nekushanda kwezvivakwa uye kutakurwa kwezvinhu zvenyukireya. Uye zvakare, iyi nzira inofarira kudzikisira kugadzirwa kwemaindasitiri uye nzira dzekuparadzira uko kutakura, sosi ye kusvibiswa, haisisiri dambudziko rekuchengetedza chikafu.

Izvi zvine mhedzisiro, nekuti iyo radiationNekuwedzera iyo nguva yekuchengetedza chikafu, iwe unomhanyisa njodzi yekusimbisa kutamiswazve kwezvirimwa zvigadzirwa uko tsika kwezvakatipoteredza uye matambudziko emagariro anogona kusiririsa kune zvirimwa zvinogona kurimwa munharaunda.


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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako