Renewables varikupa zvinopfuura makumi masere muzana emagetsi muNicaragua

Mhepo Simba Scotland

Kugadzirwa kwemagetsi nemagetsi anovandudzwa muNicaragua kwakatenderedza 53% yehuwandu, asi gore rino, sekureva kweGurukota rezveMagetsi neMigodhi (MEN) Salvador Mansell, kune mazuva akati wandei ayo masosi aya akapa network. kukurumidza un 84% yesimba rinoshandiswa munyika.

Izvi zvinoreva, sekureva kwehurumende, kugona kukuru uko nyika iriko simba rakachena. Gurukota reVANHU vakataura kuti mumwedzi yakaita saMbudzi, Kubvumbi kana Kurume, apo nyika ine mhepo ine simba, mapurazi ese emhepo anoshanda ku100%, kuwedzera kune mupiro wezvigadzirwa zvemagetsi emagetsi, chizvarwa chinosvika angangoita 84% nezvigadziriswazve.

Mansell akawedzera kuti "Kana mamiriro ezvinhu akakwana kuti zviwanikwe zvigadzirwa zvinokwanisa kuburitswa, zvinoiswa pamberi mukushanda kwezuva nezuva kwechirongwa uye yakakosha mukutungamira kwemusika. Munyika tiri kushandisa zvakanyanyisa zviwanikwa ”.

Zvigayo zvemhepo

Muchokwadi, Mansell haana kutonga kuti gore rino pane mazuva umo zvinokwanisika kuwana kukwira pamusoro pe 85% yechizvarwa nezvakachena masosi, kunyangwe akasimbirira kuti akati wandei anofanira kusangana. mamiriro ekunze kuti asvike iyo nyowani rekodhi. Uye zvakare, mu2017 chirimwa chitsva chemegawatt gumi nemaviri chakavhurwa munharaunda yePuerto Sandino.

Simba rezuva

Sekureva kwehurumende: "Tine chizvarwa chinopisa, asi ndechekutsigira, kana paine dambudziko, kana pasina mhepo, pasina mvura, pane matambudziko muchikamu chezuva, saka isu tine kupisa kwemafuta kuenderera mberi nebasa remagetsi kuvanhu ".

2016 yakavharwa pa53% chizvarwa chakatsiga nemitengidzo inogadziriswazve uye chinangwa chemasangano ndechekuwedzera huwandu uhu.

Referensi Yenyika

Muchokwadi, Nicaragua inoenderera ichive muenzaniso wekugadzirwa kwemagetsi neanowanikwazve masosi. Munguva pfupi yapfuura, hwaro Iyo Climate Reality Project - yakavambwa muna 2006 neyaimbova Mutevedzeri weMutungamiri weUnited States, Al Gore - yakaziva nyika se yemarudzi matatu, pamwechete neSweden neCosta Rica, idzo dziri kuisa nzira yekutevera mundima iyi pasirese, inova ndiyo nzira huru yekudzikisa gasi inokanganisa kupisa.

Uye hazvisi zvishoma. Iyo 27.5% yaimiririra kugadzirwa kwesimba rinowedzerwazve muna 2007, yakaenda ku52% muna2014, uye 53% muna2016. Chinangwa chikuru cheHurumende ndechekuzadzikisa. 90% muna 2020, neruzhinji, zvakavanzika uye yakavhenganiswa zvirongwa zvekudyara. Pakati pa2007 na2013 moga, mhepo, biomass, magetsi emagetsi ezuva uye mapurojekiti ezuva zvakapa mamwe megawati zana nemakumi mapfumbamwe kunetwork yekuparadzira magetsi, iyo zuva rega rega inoda megawati mazana mashanu nemakumi mashanu.

biomass

Simba remhepo muNicaragua

Sezvambotaurwa pamusoro apa, National Interconnected System (SIN) yakanyora kuti muna 2016, huwandu hwekugadzirwa kwemagetsi pamwe nematsva matsva hunosvika 53%. Iyo magetsi emagetsi emhepo ivo vaimiririra 31%, geothermal zvirimwa 28.6%, magetsi emagetsi zvinomera 26.8% uye zvigayo zveshuga 13.6%.

Panyaya yemagetsi emhepo, mapurojekiti anomiririra zvakanyanya munyika ndiAmayo I na II ari muDhipatimendi reRivas uye anotungamirwa neCanada mubatanidzwa Amayo SA, inogadzira angangoita 63 megawatts.

Kuvakwa kwezvikamu zvemhepo turbine

Gore rino, mupiro we photovoltaic chirimwa iri muPuerto Sandino, parizvino ndiyo yega inogadzira simba rezuva kune network yenyika yekuparadzira.

Muchokwadi, simba rezuva riripo kwazvo munyika, asi zvakanyanya kune chimwe chizvarwa.

kuzvishandisa

Pakupera kwegore rino, hurumende inovavarira kuwana 94% kufukidzwa kwemagetsi mudunhu renyika. "Tichifunga nezvehurongwa nemaitiro akagadzirwa, chinangwa chedu ndechekusvika 2021% yekuvhara magetsi panosvika 99," akadaro Mansell.

Kusiyana kwezvinyorwa

Nyika ine Tumarín hydroelectric macroproject, iri kuvandudzwa kumaodzanyemba kweCaribbean yeNicaragua, sekureva ichapa megawati 253, kana yatanga mashandiro ayo pakupera kwe2019.

César Zamora, maneja wenyika yekambani yemagetsi IC Power, akataura kuzvipira kwaNicaragua ku simba rakachena yakabuda semhinduro kudambudziko re kushaikwa kwemagetsi kwakaitika nenyika pamberi pa2007.

"Mutemo weKusimudzira kweMagetsi neMagetsi Renewable wakafemerwa uye neHurumende nyowani (2007, Daniel Ortega) yakatanga kutaurirana nevamiriri vebazi remagetsi neCosep (Superior Council of Private Enterprise) kuronga kuti vangabuda sei dambudziko iri, ”akayeuka.

Zamora akataura kuti zvave kukwanisa kubaya 180 megawatts emagetsi emhepo munzvimbo yekuparadzira network, 70 megawatts e geothermal simba kubva kuSan Jacinto-Tizate yakaoma, 50 megawatts emagetsi emagetsi kubva muzvirongwa larreynaga (nyika), Hidropantasma uye El Diamante, iyo yakatanga kushanda muna Zvita apfuura, ichiri biomass Chirimwa chine 30 megawatts uye Santa Rosa neSan Antonio mamugayo eshuga, ane 80 megawatts pakati pezviviri, atanga kushanda.

Renewable energy muNicaragua

Kushambadzira kune dzimwe nyika

Kuna Jahosca López, murongi we Nicaragua Renewable Association hofisi, iro rakakura nyika mune iri chikamu riri nekuda kwemitemo yakasimudzirwa neHurumende kukurudzira nyika nekunze kudyara, kunyanya Mutemo weKusimudzira kweMagetsi Magetsi neRenewable Source.

Muna Chikumi 2015, akadaro mutemo wakagadziriswa neNational Assembly kuti iwedzere zvinokurudzirwa zvemapurojekiti matsva emagetsi emamwe makore matatu.

Imwe yenharo dzakapihwa pachiitiko icho nevamiriri vezvematongerwo enyika yaive yekuti nyika painoshandura matrix emagetsi mutero wemagetsi wakaderedzwa.

Murongi akaonesa zvakare kuti budiriro yetekinoroji yakakonzera, izvo zvakatendera kuumbwa uye kuitwa kwemapurojekiti mu inoshanda zvakanyanya, pamusoro pekusimudzira kusimudzira kwenzanga kwevamwe vanhu vemunharaunda nekutarisisa kwezvakatipoteredza.


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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako