Ndeipi zvisikwa zvakasikwa zveCanary Island paini uye mashandisiro ayo?

Teide National Park

El Pinus canariensis inozivikanwa seCanary Island pine, ndeimwe yemapine mashoma autochthonous anogona kuwanikwa mudunhu reSpain. Iyi yakanaka kongiri ine mavambo ayo muCanary Islands, nzvimbo kwavakave chiratidzo chechisikwa chechitsuwa cheLa Palma.

Ichi chirimwa chinonakidza kwazvo chinogona kuve chiri nyore kwazvo mubindu, nekuve ne kukurumidza kukura uye nekurima kuri nyore, saka zvinoita kuti iyi ive mhando yakakwana kuti ive seyakasarudzika specimen kana inogona zvakare kuiswa sehurefu hwakareba hwekudzivirira.

Canary pine zvakasikwa ecosystem

Canary pine nzvimbo

ICanary Island paini inowanikwa ichigadzira masango akachena kana akasanganiswa nezvimwe zvirimwa zvepamusoro senge myrica faya, the Ilex canariensis kana the Adenocarpus viscosus muCanary archipelago, kunyanya zviwi zveTenerife, La Palma, Gran Canaria neEl Hierro, kunyangwe ichionekwawo muLa Gomera. Iyo inogara pakakwirira pakati pe100 uye 2000 metres pamusoro pegungwa, mune yakashata, yakaoma ivhu ine yakanaka drainage.

Nekuda kwekushanduka kwayo, yafanirwa kujairana nekuve mune imwe nharaunda ine moto chikamu chakakosha checosystem, saka nhasi iyo ndeimwe yemhando dzinonyatsorwisa moto, kumera nguva pfupi mushure mekunge moto wadzimwa.

Kana tikataura nezvemamiriro ekunze, avhareji tembiricha iri pakati pe15 ne19ºC, nemvura inonaya iri pakati pe300 ne600mm, kuitira kuti mwaka wayo wekukura ugare chikamu chakanaka chegore.

Zviratidzo

Muti weCanary Island paini mudanho rawo revakuru unogona kuva nechiyero chinogona kusvika 40 metres pakureba ne2,5 metres dhayamita pahunde, zvisinei nekuti yakanyanya kuwanda ndeyekuti inongova ingangoita gumi nemashanu kana makumi maviri nemashanu mita uye nehupamhi hwemamita imwe chete.

Iko kuhukura kune muti uyu kune ruvara rwakatsvuka uye kazhinji kunotsvedzerera mumiti midiki, asi kana vakura iyi inowedzera kukura nekukurumidza uye zvakare inotsemuka zviri nyore, kutora zvishoma zvishoma brownish-tsvuku ruvara.

Iwo maenzaniso ayo akura zvakanyanya ane rhytidoma iyo yakasindimara pamwe neisina kujairika, uye fomu maplate ayo akatsetseka uye zvakaumbwa kunge magirazi. Ivo kazhinji vane grey grey rakafanana nedota.

Mumakore ake ekutanga ehupenyu muti uyu unowanzo kukura nekukurumidza, nematavi awo akarongedzwa zvakatwasuka uye aine zvakawanda zvechipiri ramifications izvo zvakamira, zvichiita kuti kutaridzika kwemuti uyu kuve nepiramidhi chimiro. Gare gare kana kukura maererano nehurefu hwapera, zvinoitika kuve neparasol chimiro.

Mashizha emuti uyu akasvibira, acicular, ayo vane budiriro yavo pamusoro pemapazi egore iro, yakatwasuka uye yero yeruvara inokura mumaburi makobvu, ine oval-cylindrical chimiro uye yakafukidzwa nezviyero zvine membranous zveruvara rwakatsvukuruka.

Ichi ndicho pino , que ine tsono nhatu podhi imwe neimwe uye ndiyo yega yerudzi rwayo inowanikwa kumadokero kweEurasia, saka yepedyo iri muHimalaya, iri yakafanana chaizvo neCanary Island paini.

Nguva yayo yemaruva inotangira kubva munaKurume kusvika Chivabvu. Iwo echikadzi inflorescence akapatsanurwa kubva kune echikadzi iwo, kubvira ayo ari echirume ari mune mamwe makona akaenzana uye ingangoita mashanu kusvika kumasendimita gumi pakureba, iine yero yeruvara nemumvuri wegirini izvo zvinogadzirwa nemastamens mazhinji ane huwandu hwakakura hwemukume.

Maruva ari echikadzi anowanikwa mune kumwe kuwirirana strobili kuti Vane ruvara rwegirinhi nemumvuri mutsvuku uye kuti pavanokura vanova makoni kana maconi akatsvukuruka-bhuru-bhuru muvara pamwe nekupenya, uye izvo zvinogona kuve pakati peanosvika gumi nemaviri kusvika pamasendimita gumi nemasere pakureba nepakati nepakati peasere kusvika pamasendimita gumi muchikamu icho chiri zvakafaranuka.

Chibereko chinoumbwa nezviyero zvakagadziriswa pahurefu hwese hwenzvimbo hune huye hunongovhurika kana mamiriro ekunze akakwana, kunyanya kana paine kuoma munharaunda. Kana mamiriro akakwana apiwa, vanopatsanura zvikero kana koni yemuti inodonha nekusunungura mapapiro pavanorova pasi.

Canary Island paini kuchengetedza uye kurima

Kuonekwa kwemapine nzungu eCanary Island pine

Kuberekwazve kweiyo Pinus canariensis inogadzirwa nembeu. Mumwaka wechirimo dzimwe mbeu dzinounzwa mu substrate uyezve sendimita yepasi yakaiswa pane izvi, nguva dzose kuchengetedza humidity yeiyo substrate. Usati wadyara zvinokurudzirwa kuisa mbeu mumvura kwemaawa makumi maviri nemana; mushure mevhiki vanotanga kumera, zvichikosha kuchengetedza tembiricha yakakodzera kudzivirira kuoneka kweimwe fungi.

Chimwe chezvinhu zvakasarudzika zvine mhando iyi yepine zvine izvo ine mapundu pahuni, zvichiita kuti zvikwanisike kumera kamwe kakachekererwa uyewo kana paita moto.

Mhando yemuti uyu haidi kunyatso chengetwa kana kugadziriswa sezvinoitika muzvirimwa zvekurima, zvisinei, inoda hunhu hwakakosha muvhu nemamiriro ekunze.

Aya marudzi epini sarudza jecha uye zvishoma acidic ivhuZvisinei, inogona kumira ivhu nevhu rematombo nekuti inokwanisa kurarama mune chero nharaunda.

Ichi ndicho chimwe chezvikonzero nei vanhu vazhinji vachiwanzosangana nepine nzungu kwese kupi. Kunyangwe uri muti usinganyorwe, zvakakosha kuti usadyara munzvimbo dzinonamira mvura.

Ivo havadi huwandu hwakawanda hwemvura kuti vararame, muchokwadi, vanokwanisa kutsungirira tembiricha yakakwira chero bedzi vasingapfuure 40 ° C. Tembiricha dzakadzika dzinoita sedzisiri dambudziko zvakare, nekuti dzinogona kuramba -20 ° C, zvisinei, pa -10 ° C inogona kuratidza kukuvara kwakakomba kumashizha nematukisi.

Main kushandiswa kwe Pinus canariensis

El Pinus canariensis ine kukosha kukuru padanho remasango. Iyi chaiyo mhando inoshandiswa zvakanyanya kutemerwa miti, nekuda kweiyo kukurumidza kuchinjika kune chero mhando yevhu uye mushure mechinguva chipfupi zvinotora kukura, kunyanya kune iyo ivhu zvisina kusanduka-shanduka.

Imwe yekushandisa kwayo kukuru iko kuveza, kunyanya semi-yakaoma mhando, kubvira iyo minini yetii ishoma kunyanya nekuda kwekuda kukuru kwehuni.

Kune rumwe rutivi, huni chena yakawanikwa kubva pamapini aya inoshandiswa kugadzira zvimwe zvinhu zvemuti, nepo huni yetii, ichinyanya kushandiswa mukuveza nekugadzira makabati. Pakutanga, mhando iyi yehuni yaishandiswa kugadzira matenga edzimba nedzemachechi.

Canary Island paini inoshandiswawo zvakanyanya nekuda kwemishonga yayo, kubvira zvakanaka kwazvo pakurapa matambudziko ekufemaZvakare asthma uye bronchitis, resin yayo inoiswa kubvisa mamwe ma cyst uye zvakare kudzivirira pamoto uye zvimwe zvipembenene.

Madenda nezvirwere

Gomo rechando nemipini yeCanarian

Kunyangwe uri muti usingadzivisike kwete chete kune zvakatipoteredza mamiriro asiwo kune njodzi dzesango, kune denda rinogona kuvakonzera kukuvara kwakawanda izvi uye zvinozivikanwa sepaini mudungwe.

Iyi mhashu inokwanisa kumisa kukura kwehuwandu hwakawanda hwemhando dzepaini, zvichivaita vanonetsekana nekurwiswa nedzimwe tupukanana. Neraki, mhashu idzi dzinogona kutsakatiswa nerubatsiro rwemamwe makemikari izvo zvinogona kudzivirira kusadzora kupararira.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako