Smog, menene shi, sakamakonsa da yadda ake yaƙar sa

Birni mai laushi

Lokuta da yawa da muke fita zuwa titi, kuma mafi girma ko ƙarami, muna iya ganin wani hayaƙi a cikin iska inda yawancinmu cikin kuskure muke gane shi a matsayin hazo mara haske. Sanannen sanƙo ne ko hayaƙin hoto.

Smog ba komai bane gurbacewar yanayi wanda ke shafar lafiyarmu. Nan gaba, zan yi bayanin menene ainihin sigar, yadda ake samunta, illolinta ga muhalli da lafiya, da sauran abubuwan da ke da ban sha'awa.

Menene hayaki?

Smog shine sakamakon kudade masu yawa na gurbatacciyar iska, musamman daga hayaki daga ƙona kwal, kodayake kuma saboda watsi da iskar gas masana'antun masana'antu ko masana'antu da motoci.

Wato, hayaki gajimare ne da gurɓin muhalli kuma tana karban wannan suna ne saboda yayi kama da wani gajimare mai kazanta, kalmomin a cikin Ingilishi suna son yin wargi don ba da laƙabi ga hazo kuma sun haɗa kalmomin wuri ɗaya hayaki (hayaki) da hazo (hazo)

Yaya ake samar da hayaƙin hoto?

Yanzu, don fahimtar yadda wannan gajimaren ko gurɓatuwa ke faruwa, zan yi ƙoƙarin bayyana shi a hanya mai sauƙi.

da manyan gurɓatattun abubuwa wanda ke samar da hayaki sune nitrogen oxides (NOx), ozone (O3), nitric acid (HNO3), nitratoacetyl peroxide (PAN), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), wani ɓangare sunadarai sunadaran sunadaran da wasu ƙananan hydrocarbons basu ƙone ba amma an sake su don motoci kamar yadda na ambata a sama.

Wani muhimmin mahimmanci shine luz hasken rana tunda yana samarda wasu yankuna masu kyauta wadanda suke fara tafiyar da sinadarai don samuwar wannan gajimaren.

Saboda NO2, wani lokacin yana iya bayyana launin ruwan lemo kodayake al'ada launi ne mai launin toka-toka. Daya daga cikin mafi kyawun halayen shine sararin China ko Japan.

Skyararriyar lemu ta NOx a Japan

Haɗuwar iskar gas ɗin da muka ambata a sama sune musabbabin samuwar "gajimare" mai kama da hayaƙi kuma wannan, idan aka haɗu da wani lokaci na babban matsin lamba, yana sa iska mai tsayawa kafa hazo cewa, a maimakon ake kafa da saukad da na ruwa, yana dauke da gurbataccen iska, yana haifar da mummunan yanayi, mai tayar da hankali kuma a wasu lokuta yanayi mai guba.

Duk wannan shine abin da aka sani da hayaki wanda ya saba da biranen da kuma wanda nake mai da hankali a kansu a cikin wannan labarin, amma kuma a matsayin bayanai masu faɗakarwa, kawai don yin tsokaci kan cewa akwai nau'in sigari mafi haɗari, kuma shine Smoghurous sulg.

Wannan na iya daukar sifar ruwan sama da hazo.

Sakamako kan muhalli

Babu shakka muna da bangare guda mai mahimmanci tasiri a wuri mai faɗi saboda dalilai biyu:

  • Canjin ku, tunda gurbatattun abubuwa a cikin iska kai tsaye ko kuma kai tsaye suna tasiri ga ci gaban yanayin ƙasa.

A gefe guda, saboda hayaki yana rage karfin ganuwa

A cikin birane da babban hayaki, da nisa daga hangen nesa ya rage zuwa 'yan dubun mitoci.

Kari akan haka, hangen nesan da ake magana akan zurfin ba kawai a sarari yake bayyana ba, amma kuma yana yin hakan a tsaye, wanda yasa bashi yiwuwa ganin sama.

Wucewar hayaki mai wuce haddi yana nufin cewa babu gajimare, babu sararin sama mai haske ko dare mai tauraruwa, kawai launin shuɗi mai ruwan toka ko kuma ruwan lemu a kanmu.

  • Wani tasiri da hayaki ke haifarwa shine canje-canje a cikin yanayin na wurin.

Sakamakon na iya zama:

  • Tashin zafi duk da cewa yawan hasken rana ya fi rikitarwa ta hanyar hayakin hayaki.

Zafin da ake samu a ciki baya iya fita waje saboda tarin gas da ke haifar da hauhawar yanayin zafi.

  • An canza yanayin ruwa tunda gurɓatattun abubuwa da ƙwayoyin cuta a cikin dakatarwar carbon suna haifar da raguwar matakan ruwan sama.

Anan jimlar farin da ya ciza wutsiyarsa ya yi daidai sosai tunda idan muna da matsalar hayaƙi to ba za a yi ruwan sama ba, kuma ba tare da ruwan sama ko iska ba, ba shi yiwuwa a yi yaƙi ta hanyar da ta dace ta zama hayaƙi.

Sakamakon lafiya

Na riga na ambata cewa shan taba yana haifar da lahani, mai daɗaɗawa da haɗari, yanzu bari muga menene illar sa akan lafiyar mu.

  • Dukan mutanen da suke zaune a cikin “gurɓataccen garin” sune fusata idanu da tsarin numfashi, wato makogwaro da hanci.
  • Duk da haka, yara da tsofaffi sun fi rauni ta sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide da nitrogen dioxide, ban da mutanen da ke da matsalar huhu kamar emphysema, asma ko mashako ko ma mutanen da suke tare da shi cututtukan zuciya.
  • Mutanen da suke da allergies suna iya faɗakarwa game da lalacewa saboda wannan gurɓatarwar, musamman lokacin da aka cika ɗabi'ar muhalli ko kuma a ranakun da ake ruwan sama lokacin da duk abubuwan da ke gurɓatarwa suke.
  • Hakanan zai iya haifar rashin numfashi, ciwon makogwaro, tari, da rage karfin huhu a cikin manyan birane.
  • Hakanan zai iya haifar da anemia Saboda yawan ɗayan waɗannan gas, musamman carbon monoxide (CO), yana toshe musayar iskar oxygen a cikin jini da huhu.
  • Wannan bai ƙare anan ba tun da hayaƙin hoto zai iya zama dalilin mutuwar wuriA hakikanin gaskiya, akwai wani lamari a cikin babban birni na Biritaniya inda a tsakiyar karni na ashirin aka sami manyan mace-mace, cin nasarar rikodin (idan ana iya kiran sa haka) na mutuwar daga wannan gurɓataccen gurɓataccen abu.

Daga shekarar 1948 zuwa 1962, kimanin mutane 5.500 suka mutu sakamakon shan sigari a Ingila.

Labari mai dangantaka:
Gurbatar iska ya shafi 'yan kasa 8 cikin 10 a duniya

Mace ta fusata saboda hayaki

Garuruwa da mafi girman matakin hayaki

Babu shakka da mafi munin birane Game da shan taba, su ne waɗanda ba su da iska mai karfi da tsayayyiya, Wato, waɗanda suke kusa da bakin teku, a cikin kwari masu rufewa ... kuma tare da dan ruwa kadan.

Wasu misalan waɗannan garuruwan sune:

  • Ingila da aka ambata, London ya sha wahala sosai a baya saboda shan taba, saboda wannan dalili farillai daban-daban da suna inganta iska, kirkirar wuraren da babu hayaki, hana wasu masana’antu tare da hana ababen hawa shiga yankin cikin gari, da sauran abubuwa.
  • To, muna da Los AngelesTunda damuwa ce da ke kewaye da duwatsu, saboda haka hayakin da ke samuwa yana da matukar wahalar tserewa. Ba tare da ambaton cewa yana ɗaya daga cikin biranen da suka fi ƙazantar da cutar kuma har yanzu ba ta yin komai don rage matakin gurɓatata da samuwar hayaƙi.
  • Santiago da MexicoHakanan suna da rashin fa'ida kasancewar babu iska mai karfi kuma sune biranen da aka rufe.

Kasancewa yana cikin yankuna masu tsayi, iska mai sanyi tana riƙe hayaƙin hoto "angareshi".

  • Kasashen da gawayi muhimmin tushe ne na kuzari kuma yana bunkasa kamar Sin ko wasu Kasashen Turai ta Gabas, Sigar har yanzu babbar matsala ce.

Koyaya, a yau, kasashen da suka ci gaba Sun ci gaba tsarkakewa da tsarin kulawa na man da ke haifar da wannan “hazo” ko hayaƙin mai guba, saboda haka abin da ya faru kadan ne.

Na gaba, na bar muku bidiyo mai hotuna inda ta nuna mana birnin Beijing, China, a cikin launi ja saboda hayaƙin.

Yin yaƙi da hayaƙin hoto

A wannan yakin muna da bangarori 3, da Gwamnatoci da manyan kamfanonida 'yan ƙasa da mallaka yanayi.

Da farko dai, uwa za ta iya yaƙar sigari yanayiGodiya ga ruwan sama da iska, yana tsaftacewa da sabunta iska a kusa da mu.

A saboda wannan dalili, ya fi zama ruwan dare hayaki ya bayyana a wuraren da babu iska ko kuma kawai babu iska kuma a inda ake ruwa kadan, kuma ba shakka, gurbacewar yanayi.

Idan yanayi tare da "ikonsa" na sabunta iska zai iya fuskantar hayaƙi kuma ya ci yaƙe-yaƙe, Wace rawa sauran bangarorin 2 ke takawa?

Mai sauƙi, a mafi yawan lokuta wanda tarin waɗannan abubuwan gurɓataccen abu da samuwar hayaƙi ke faruwa, daidai ne saboda yanayi ba shi da kayan aikin da ake buƙata don samun damar magance irin wannan babban matakin gurɓata.

Kuma yana da, a cikin waɗannan lokuta, inda Gwamnatoci da manyan kamfanoni.

Irin waɗannan gwamnatocin da hukumomi Su ne musabbabin cewa birane na ci gaba da cika da hayaki saboda sune suke bada izinin fitar da hayakin gurbatacce, akasarinsu masana'antun ne ke kera su da shuke-shuke na masana'antu.

Shin su ne 'yan ƙasa mutanenmu waɗanda, ta hanyar ba da gudummawar hatsinmu na yashi, na iya taimaka wa yanayi don magance hayaƙi.

Kamar yadda aka ambata, babban abin da ke haifar da bayyanar hayaki shi ne hayakin da motoci, babura, manyan motoci da kuma hanyoyin jigilar mutane gaba ɗaya.

A bayyane yake cewa ƙwayar yashi da nake magana ita ce hanyoyin don guji ci gaba da ba da gudummawa ga samar da hayaki da gurɓatarwa.

Ina nufin daidai inganta amfani da jigilar jama'a, caca akan motocin lantarki, da sauransu. A dalilin wannan, akwai kyakkyawan taken da ke cewa: “Yi tunani a duniya, yi aiki na gari!

Kamar yadda kake gani, motsin hannu cikin sauki kamar yadda ake hawa bas yana inganta ingancin iska, wannan idan muka kara sanya sanya wasu wurare masu kore, shin wuraren shakatawa ne, rufin kore ko ma lambuna a tsaye, birane na iya samun hutu saboda haka mu ma.

Koren rufi a cikin jigilar jama'a


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.

  1.   bogi m

    Shine mafi kyawun bayanai a duniya

    1.    Daniel Palomino m

      Na gode sosai da sharhinku Mafio.

      A gaisuwa.