Energyarfin iska a cikin 2017 da kuma tsinkaya na 2018

makamashin iska

A cikin shekarar da ta gabata, makamashin iska a shekarar 2017 shi ne na biyu mai sayarwa na tsarin makamashi na kasarmu. 23W na makamashin iska ya samar da fiye da 47 TWh, wanda ke wakiltar kusan 20% na yawan wutar da aka cinye.

Ikon iska ya kasance tsayayyen hali, samar da ƙari ko theasa da wutar lantarki kamar na 2016.

Eolico Park

Ikon iska

A halin yanzu, akwai sama da injinan jan iska 20.000 da aka girka a Spain, aka rarraba su tsakanin sama da gonakin iska 1.000. Mafi yawan lokuta, suna da hali kwarai da gaske a cikin manyan kwanakin.

A cewar Red Eléctrica Española (REE), rikodin samar da makamashin iska ya faru ne a ranar 27 ga Disamba, 2017, tare da samar da 330 GWh, kasancewar fasaha ta farko a cikin haɗin ƙarni, tare da ɗaukar wutar lantarki da ake buƙata na 47%.

A zahiri, Disamba 2017 ya ƙare kasancewa watan Disamba tare da karin ƙarni iska ikon tarihi.

gonakin iska

Ba tare da wannan gudummawar makamashin iska a Disambar da ta gabata ba, matsakaicin farashin kasuwar lantarki zai iya kaiwa € 20 / MWh mafi girma, don haka karuwa a cikin samar da iska yana nufin tanadi na 30-35% idan aka kwatanta da na shekarar da ta gabata (Game da Yuro miliyan 400)

Hakanan akwai masana'antun 210 da suka bazu a cikin tarihin ƙasar Sifen, suna sanya Spain a matsayin ta huɗu mafi girma a duniya. Abin baƙin ciki saboda ƙa'idodin Partyungiya mai farin jini, wadannan cibiyoyin sun sadaukar da dukkan ayyukansu don fitarwa.

Iskar waje

Tun shekarar da ta gabata, masana'antar iskar Sifen ke ta bunkasa a kasuwar iska ta cikin teku. Daga Fasahar Fasaha na Siffar Wutar Iskar Sifen, REOLTEC, bincike, ci gaba da ayyukan kirkira an haɗa su kuma an daidaita su wanda ya amsa bukatun na sashen iska na Spain. A cikin 2017, haɗin gwiwa a cikin R & D & i tsakanin ɓangarorin jama'a da na kasuwanci sun haɓaka a cikin kasuwar gasa mai matukar tsada, ta sauƙaƙe matsayinta a cikin wutar iska ta cikin teku don masana'antar iska ta Spain.

gonar iska ta cikin teku don samun makamashi mai sabuntawa

Sabuntattun gwanjo

Don bin umarnin turai, gwamnatin ta aiwatar da gwanjo mai ƙaranci 3, biyu a cikin 2017 da ɗaya a 2016. Waɗannan sun ba da mahimmin ci gaba ga sashin wutar iska na Sifen bayan thean shekarun da suka gabata wanda a ciki MW 65 ne kawai ke da ƙarfin iska. an shigar.

Tarihin makamashin iska da na Mills

Transarfafa makamashi

Don fuskantar ƙalubale na tsara miƙa mulki, EEE ya shirya wani bincike wanda ya tattara matsayin bangaren game da kirkirar Doka kan Canjin Yanayi da Canjin Makamashi.

Sakamakon binciken na EEE, karfin iska da aka girka a shekarar 2020 zai kai MW 28.000 (la'akari da sabbin gwanjo da aka riga aka bayar da kuma adadin iska na Canarian), don haka karfin iska zai karu da 1.700 MW a shekara a matsakaita tsakanin karshen shekarar 2017 da farkon 2020.

Girkawar injin nika

A cikin shekaru goma masu zuwa zai karu da 1.200 MW a kowace shekara har zuwa 2030, kai 40 GW na shigar da wuta.

Godiya ga wadannan sabbin injinan iska daga nazarin EEE, fitar da hayakin wutar lantarkin na Sipaniya zai ragu da kashi 2020 cikin 30 nan da shekarar 2005 idan aka kwatanta da shekarar 40 (shekarar tunani game da tsarin cinikin hayakin hayaki na Turai, ETS a karance labarinta a Ingilishi) kuma sama da kashi 2030% nan da shekarar XNUMX.

A cewar - PREPA, Za a sami 100% decarbonisation a 2040. Bugu da ƙari, haɗin wutar lantarki na Spain zai kai kashi 40% na buƙatu tare da sabuntawa a cikin 2020, 62% a 2030, 92% a 2040 da 100% ta 2050.

Kalubale na gaba

  • A haɗin lantarki daidaita.
  • Haɗin kan ƙungiyoyi daban-daban tare da cancanta ga Matsayin Nacional kuma mai cin gashin kansa a cikin kuzari.
  • Nemi daidaito tsakanin rage farashin wutar lantarki da saka hannun jari a gaba. Dole ne a samo hanyoyin don yanayin ya kasance zama mai dorewakamar kwangilar haɗin gwiwa na dogon lokaci ko shinge na farashi.
  • Kafa tsayayyen tsarin ƙa'ida wanda zai ba da damar jawo hankali zuba jari zama dole.
  • Dangane da tsibirin Canarian, yana da mahimmanci a faɗi akan makamashin iska don rage farashin ƙarni a tsibirin (a halin yanzu farashin yana fiye da ninki biyu fiye da cikin sashin teku, saboda dogaro da burbushin mai).
  • Babban manufofin binciken ana nufin rage farashin da inganta ingancin samfura, hadewar hanyoyin sadarwa a cikin mafi kyawun yanayi na aminci da aminci, da inganta tsarin samarwa. Duk wannan ya zama muhimmiyar don kula da Spain a matsayin jagora a fasahar teku da kuma kafa sharuɗɗan da suka dace don aiwatar da makamashin iska na cikin teku.

Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

Bar tsokaci

Your email address ba za a buga.

*

*

  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.