Biomass a matsayin tushen makamashin Sifen

amfani da daji

Tsohon Nahiyar ko, musamman waɗancan ƙasashe waɗanda suka haɗu da Tarayyar Turai suna da matsaloli da yawa kuma ɗayansu shine yawan buƙatun mai da gas a matsayin tushen makamashi.

Na dogon lokaci, don rage irin wannan dogaro da man ƙarkashin mai (wanda ya kai kashi 99% na ragowar shigo da Tarayyar Turai), ta jajirce don sabunta kuzari, kasancewar wadannan kamar yadda muka riga muka sani, masu tsafta kuma mafi mutunta muhalli.Ni'ima matsakaicin ƙarfin makamashi na Tarayyar Turai-27 (ɗayan yankunan mafi ƙarancin kuzari na duniya) bai zama ƙasa da ƙasa ba 53,4% ​​a cikin 2014. Tsarin yau da kullun wanda ke ci gaba da ƙaruwa kowace shekara ta manyan matakai.

La Bioungiyar Biomass ta Turai, wanda aka taqaita da AEBIOM, ya gudanar da wani bincike wanda a cikinsa ya nuna cewa Turai gaba dayanta na iya wadatar da kansa har tsawon kwanaki 66 a shekara kawai tare da kuzarin sabuntawa.

A cikin wadannan kwanaki 66, 41 na iya zama mai wadatuwa da kai saboda albarkatun ruwa, wannan yana nufin, kusan kashi biyu cikin uku.

Dalilin haka ne Javier Díaz, shugaban AVEBIOM, wato, theungiyar Mutanen Espanya don Maido da Makamashi, ta tabbatar da cewa:

“Haɓakar makamashi ita ce mafi mahimmancin tushen sabunta makamashi a Turai. Ya riga ya kusa zuwa wuce gona da iri don zama tushen asalin makamashi na asali na asali ”.

A matsayi na farko, Sweden

Game da samun kawai España, adadi na kwanaki 41 a bayyane yake mafi ƙanƙanci, kodayake biomass da aka samar na iya rufe buƙatar wasu 28 kwanakin, Wato, kwatankwacin watan ba na tsalle ba na Fabrairu.

Kasarmu a cikin darajar Turai tana matsayi na 23, kamar Belgium.

Daraktan ayyukan AVEBIOM, Jorge Herrero ya nuna cewa:

"Har yanzu muna nesa da kasashen da ke jagorancin tebur kamar su Finland ko Sweden, da kwanaki 121 da 132, bi da bi".

Koyaya, rawar ɗan adam don makomar Tarayyar Turai na da mahimmanci don cimma burin makamashi da Brussels ya sanya gaba don 2020.

Haɗin makamashi zai ba da gudummawa ga rabin wannan burin kuma da wannan EU za ta kai kashi 20% na samar da makamashi da aka samu daga ƙarfin kuzari.

Herrero ya bayyana cewa:

"A shekarar 2014, samar da makamashi ya kai kashi 61% na dukkan makamashin da ake amfani da su, wanda ya yi daidai da kashi 10% na yawan amfani da makamashi na karshe a Turai."

pellets don dumama

A gefe guda, sanyaya da dumama suna wakiltar kusan 50% na yawan ƙarfin kuzari a cikin Tarayyar Turai, wannan yana nufin cewa makamashin makamashi da aka samu ta hanyar biomass shine jagora tsakanin kuzari masu sabuntawa don amfani da zafin jiki tare da kashi 88% na amfani da dumama da sanyaya, ana zaton a karshe, kashi 16% na yawan kuzarin Turai.

Ci gaban haɓakar biomass a cikin Spain

A cikin Sifen, kuma duk da kasancewa a cikin ƙananan ɓangaren tsakiyar tebur, ga wasu shekaru yanzu yana aiwatar da wani babba kokarin.

Increaseara ƙarfin makamashi na biomass yana ninka ƙwarai da gaske kuma, a cikin ƙasa da shekaru goma (tsakanin shekara ta 2008 zuwa 2016) yawan wuraren da aka keɓe ga biomass ya karu daga 10.000 kawai zuwa 200.000, tare da matsakaita na MW 1.000 (megawatts na thermal).

Haka kuma, wannan nau'in makamashi yana da babbar dama ga ci gaban ƙasarmu saboda Ana iya yin kwafin girbin daji ba tare da matsala ba, ba tare da ware wasu keɓaɓɓun kadada don samar da biomass ba.

A cewar bayanan AVEBIOM, Spain tana da kusan kashi 30% na biomass ɗin da take cirewa daga tsabtace dazuzzuka Duk da yake ƙasashe kamar su Austria, Jamus ko Sweden da aka ambata a baya suna cinye 60% na abin da aka samo kuma muna tuna cewa Sweden tana cikin matsayi na farko tare da kwanaki 132 na cin amfanin kai kuma, a halin yanzu, Austria tare da kwanaki 66 (7th wuri) da Jamus tare da 38 kwanakin (wuri na 17).

Wancan ya ce, sashen biomass a Spain yana matsawa kusa da euro miliyan 3.700 a shekara, wanda ke wakiltar kashi 0,34% na Gross Domestic Product (GDP) kuma wanda ke ƙaruwa a hankali na ɗan lokaci.

A cikin shekaru 15 da suka gabata, wannan makamashi mai sabuntawa ya tafi daga bayar da gudummawar kashi 3,2% zuwa 6% na makamashin farko da ake amfani da shi a kasarmu.

A cikin 2015, ta samar da ayyuka sama da 24.250 kai tsaye da kai tsaye, rabi daga cikinsu kai tsaye suna da alaƙa da amfani da gandun daji (a yawancin lokuta, dazuzzuka da aka watsar) da kuma samar da mai.

Wannan hanyar samar da makamashi mai sabuntawa da sarrafawar ta, Herrero ya kara da cewa, ya ba da damar yakar yadda ya kamata game da tasirin yanayi da canjin yanayi, tunda aiki ne na tsaka tsaki a cikin hayaƙin CO2.


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