Ana samar da gas daga ragowar tsire-tsire masu cin zali

Sunflower na Mexico wanda ake samar da biogas dashi

A yau akwai hanyoyi da yawa don samar da makamashi ta hanyar ɓarnatar da kowane nau'i. Amfani da sharar gida azaman albarkatu don samar da makamashi hanya ce mai kyau don adanawa akan albarkatun ƙasa da kuma taimakawa kawo ƙarshen dogaro kan mai.

Sunflower na Mexico yana ɗauke da tsire-tsire masu mamayewa a yankuna daban-daban na Afirka, Ostiraliya, da sauran tsibirai a cikin Tekun Pacific. Da kyau, masu bincike daga jami'o'in Najeriya guda biyu suna aiki akan binciken da ke inganta noman biogas da ingantaccen aiki daga najasar kiwon kaji da kuma wadannan sunflowers masu cin zali.

Haɗa biogas kuma haɓaka ƙwarewa

yi amfani da kashin kaji

Samar da biogas daga itacen sunflower na Mexico da dusar da kaji babban tunani ne, tunda mun sami manyan matsaloli biyu: lura da ragowar gonaki da kuma barazanar da ke tattare da jinsin 'yan asalin ƙasar wanda itacen sunflower na Mexico ya haifar. A baya, a cikin Najeriya da China, an gudanar da bincike don amfani da wannan gas din. Manufar ita ce ta kawar da mamayewar wannan shuka a wuraren da ta raba fure na asali tunda masu binciken jami'a da kungiyar IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) na musamman game da nau'ikan nau'ikan cutarwa sun nuna cewa wadannan sunflowers suna da matukar hadari a wasu kariya. yankuna na halitta.

Najeriya na daya daga cikin kasashen da wannan masana'antar ta fi shafa kuma hakan ya sa ba sa daina neman wasu hanyoyin don hana fadada ta. Bugu da kari, ba wai kawai suna kokarin kawo karshen wannan shuka ba ne amma suna kokarin amfani da shararta. Binciken da jami'o'in Landmark da Covenant suka gudanar, wanda aka buga a mujallar Makamashi & Makamai, ya nuna cewa ragowar wadannan furannin sunflow na da matukar inganci wajen samar da biogas. Wannan yana faruwa ne saboda haɗin narkewar sunflowers na Mexico da ragowar gonakin kaji tare da magani na baya.

Ingantaccen aiki tare da rigakafin magani

biogas tsara tare da pre-magani

Akwai hanyoyi da yawa don samar da biogas. Ana iya amfani da biogas don samar da makamashi tunda yana da ƙimar calolori mai girma. Binciken ya binciko wani pre-jiyya na sharar kaji da ragowar sunflowers na Mexico zuwa ƙara yawan amfanin ƙasa a cikin haɓakar biogas fiye da 50%. Thearshen binciken ya nuna ƙaruwar 54,44% a cikin haɓakar biogas wanda ya fito daga gwaji inda aka gudanar da aikin riga-kafi kuma aka kwatanta shi da abin da ba a taɓa magance shi ba.

Don gano idan ingancin aiki ya rufe makamashin da aka yi amfani da shi a cikin rigakafin, ana aiwatar da daidaiton makamashi. A cikin daidaiton makamashi, ana nazarin makamashin da ke shiga cikin tsarin, da kuma wanda ya zama dole ga duk hanyoyin samar da biogas, kuma makamashin da ya bar tsarin shima ana auna shi. Ta wannan hanyar, kuna da cikakken iko akan samarwa da amfani da kuzari a kowane lokaci.

Da kyau, a cikin ma'aunin makamashi wanda aka aiwatar, an lura da hakan net makamashi ya tabbatacce kuma ya isa ya biya diyya na isasshen makamashi da wutar lantarki waɗanda aka yi amfani dasu don aiwatar da pre-treatment na thermo-alkaline.

Ka tuna cewa kaji na iya ƙunsar abubuwan gina jiki, hormones, maganin rigakafi da ƙananan ƙarfe waɗanda aka narke a cikin ƙasa da cikin ruwa. Duk wannan na iya lalata ƙasa da ruwa inda aka sallamesu. Abin da ya sa ke nan yin amfani da waɗannan abubuwan najasar ta hanyar amfani da iskar gas ya zama daidai, duk da cewa an lura cewa da kansu ba shi da fa'ida a maida su cikin biogas. Don zama mafi inganci, dole ne a haɗa su da kayan ɗanyen kayan lambu kamar sunflower na Mexico.

A ƙarshe, akwai wasu tsire-tsire masu ɓarna a wasu ƙasashe kamar Mexico ko Taiwan waɗanda suke shirin canza su zuwa man ƙirar mai kamar ethanol kuma ana amfani da su don nazarin amfani da biomethane.

 

 

 


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  1.   lazaro m

    Yana da amfani mai yawa. Dan Adam ba shi da al'adar muhalli. Na gode