Asali da tarihin makamashin hasken rana na photovoltaic

A yau da Photovoltaic Hasken rana yana ƙara zama gama-gari kuma tare da ƙarin aikace-aikace a duniya.

Yin amfani da makamashin rana Ba sabo bane amma idan fasahar hasken rana.

Masanin kimiyyar lissafi Alexadre-Edmond Becquerel ana ɗaukarsa ɗayan na farko don gane tasirin hoto a 1839, tun lokacin da aka yi nazarin makamashi na photovoltaic, wutar lantarki da kuma kimiyyar gani da ido wanda ke samar da mahimmiyar gudummawar kimiyya.

Na farko hasken rana An tsara shi kuma an gina shi a cikin 1883 ta Charles Fritts tare da ingancin 1%, wanda yayi amfani da selenium tare da siririn zinare azaman semiconductor. Kamar yadda farashinsa yayi yawa, ba ayi amfani dashi ba samar da wutar lantarki amma don wasu dalilai.

Wanda ya gabace shi daga hasken rana wanda ake amfani dashi a yau shine wanda Russell Ohl ya kirkira kuma ya ba shi lasisi a cikin 1946 tunda shima yayi amfani dashi azaman semiconductor silicon.

Kwayoyin siliki na zamani masu kama da na yanzu an haɓaka su a cikin 1954 a Laboratories na Bell. Waɗannan ci gaban fasaha sun ba da damar ƙwayoyin rana masu amfani da hasken rana tare da ƙwarewar 6% don bayyana a kasuwa a 1957. An fara amfani da su a cikin tauraron ɗan adam a cikin Tarayyar Soviet da kuma Amurka.

La hasken rana don amfanin gida sun bayyana a cikin 1970 akan kalkuleta da wasu ƙananan bangarori don rufin.

Ya kasance ne kawai a cikin shekaru 80 cewa ƙarin aikace-aikace na hasken rana ya zama sananne kuma aka fara amfani dashi akan rufin gonaki da yankunan karkara.

Tare da inganta na ƙarfin aiki na hasken rana da ragin kudin ya sanya ana amfani dasu sosai a kauyuka da birane da kuma harkokin kasuwanci harma da gidajen masu zaman kansu.

Energyarfin hasken rana zai kasance ɗayan manyan hanyoyin sabuntawa na wannan karnin saboda baya gurɓatawa kuma ya inganta aikinsa, yana mai da damar kasuwanci amfani dashi don samar da wutar lantarki a yawan masana'antu.


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