Mutanen Ecuador sun ce A'a ga hakar mai a cikin Amazon

Lardin Orellana

Bayan 'yan makonnin da suka gabata,' yan Ecuador din sun yi magana game da son rage yankin hakar mai kuma sami damar fadada yankin da aka kiyaye a dajin Yasuní, wanda ke yankin Ecuador na Amazon.

Shugaba Lenín Moreno ya kira mashawarcin mashahuri wanda 'yan ƙasa suka amsa da kyau ga tambaya ta 7, wanda shine; Shin kun yarda da kara yankin da ba za a taba gani ba da akalla kadada dubu hamsin da kuma rage yankin amfani da mai da Majalisar Kasa ta ba da izini a dajin Yasuní daga hekta 50.000 zuwa kadada 1.030?

Sakamakon da aka samu ya kasance a sarari tare da Kashi 67,3% na kuri'un suna amsa "Ee" kuma kashi 32,7% ne kawai na kuri'un ke amsa "A'a". Idaya kan kashi 99,62% na bayanan da Hukumar zaɓe ta ƙasa (CNE) ta sarrafa.

En Pastaza da OrellanaA cikin lardunan da Yasuní yake, kuri'un da aka samu don nuna goyon baya ga "Ee" sun ma fi haka. A farko, kashi 83,36% na masu jefa kuri'a sun ba da tabbaci sannan na biyu, kashi 75,48% na yawan jama'a sun ba da "Ee" ga tambayar.

Gandun dajin Yasuní, Tsari na Biosphere

Filin shakatawa na Yasuní ɗayan ɗayan wuraren da ke da bambancin halittu a doron ƙasa.

Tana da gano fiye da nau'ikan flora 2.100, kodayake an kiyasta cewa akwai fiye da 3.000. Kari kan haka, an gano wasu nau'ikan tsuntsaye 598, dabbobi masu shayarwa 200, 150 na masu shayarwa da kuma dabbobi masu rarrafe 121.

Wannan Park an kirkireshi ne a shekarar 1979, yana kaiwa rufe yanki na 1.022.736 ha kuma, shekaru 10 daga baya, da UNESCO (Educungiyar Ilimi, Ilimin Kimiya da Al'adu ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya) ayyana duk wannan yankin azaman ajiyayyen Biosphere.

Yasuní, ban da kasancewa ga yawancin jinsin gida, Gida ne na kabilu masu yawa na asali kamar: Waorani, Shuar, Kichwa, Tagaeri da Taromenane. Na karshe 2 kuma sune garuruwa cikin keɓance na son rai.

Delayyadaddun yanki

Tuni a cikin 1999, Tsarin Tagaeri-Taromenane Intagible Zone (ZITT) an ƙirƙira shi ta Dokar Shugaba Jamil Mahuad na lokacin.

Koyaya, a tsakanin shekarun 2005-2007, tsawon lokacin aikin Alfredo Palacios, an iyakance yankin, zuwa jimillar 758.773 ha, yankin aminci ga mutanen kakanni kuma ba tare da hakar kowane nau'i ba, wanda ya haɗa da kamfanin mai.

Saboda haka, ainihin ma'anar da girman tambayar da aka yi shawara a kanta wacce jama'a suka zaɓa ita ce fadada ZITT da rage yankin amfani da mai.

Fadada ZITT

Zuwa hawan 758.773, suna son ƙara aƙalla wasu hamsin hamsin.

Carlos Pérez, ministan hydrocarbons, ya riga ya bayyana cewa za su kasance 62.188 ƙarin ha.

Kungiyoyin kare muhalli da yawa, ciki har da YASunidos, sun yi kira da a kada kuri'ar "Ee" a cikin shawarwarin karkashin taken "Ba wanda ya fi kyau." Koyaya, sun fahimci cewa akwai wasu mahimman bayanai masu ma'ana a cikin sasantawa akan wannan batun.

Pedro Bermeo, memba na YASunidos ya nuna cewa:

"Kodayake ba a bayyana ba, ba ta faɗi lokacin ko ta yaya ba, gaskiyar cewa Jiha ta amince da kasancewar keɓantattun --asashe - ko kuma maƙwabtattun mutane - yana da matukar kyau ga rayuwar waɗannan mutanen, har ma fiye da yadda za a faɗaɗa ZITT. "

Rage amfani da mai a Dajin

Zuwa bangare na biyu na tambayar da aka yi inda ya ce "a rage yankin amfani da mai wanda Majalisar Kasa ta ba da izini a gandun dajin Yasuní daga hekta 1.030 zuwa kadada 300", ba ya nufin wani abu ban da kadada 1.030 cewa Majalisar kasa ta amince da zama sararin hakar mai a Yasuní, musamman a bangaren da ake kira Ishpingo, Tambococha da Tiputini (ITT), wanda aka fara amfani da shi a shekarar 2016. Yankin da ya kunshi kashi 42% na danyen arzikin kasar.

An ce an amince da hakan ne bisa bukatar Shugaban kasa na wancan lokacin Rafael Correa, bayan da shirin Yasuní ITT bai yi nasara ba, wanda ya nemi gudummawar kasashen duniya na dala miliyan 3.600, ta bayar a cikin shekaru 12, a madadin barin mai a yankin karkashin kasa.

Bermeo, wanda ke da ilimin fasaha bisa ga rahotanni na Petroamazonas da kanta, yana aiki a yanki ɗaya kuma ya nuna cewa an riga an ci riba sama da ha 300 a cikin Yasuní ɗin da Gwamnati ta ba da shawara, ya nuna cewa za su ba da duk abin da zai yiwu don yaƙin yana tsayawa a can.

magana tare da mutane

A gefe guda, Ramiro Avila Santamaría, lauya, masani kan 'yancin dan adam da kare muhalli, kuma farfesa a jami'ar Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar, wanda ya yi la’akari da cewa babu wani bayyananne game da abin da gwamnati ke niyya a Yasuní ya nuna cewa:

“Ba a sani ba idan fadada yankin da ba za a taba shi ba ya kasance zuwa arewa, kudu, gabas ko yamma kuma ba a san inda kadada 300 za ta kasance ba.

A halin yanzu, an riga an san cewa wani kwamiti na fasaha wanda ya kunshi ma'aikatun Hydrocarbons, Shari'a da Muhalli zai kasance mai kula da kimanta wuraren da za a sanya a cikin ZITT "


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