We know that when the good weather arrives you have to be very attentive since the attacks of pests and diseases begin. Therefore, it is advisable to learn the best tips to fumigate the garden. There are many people who are torn between the need to fumigate the orchard and fight biologically with invading organisms.
In this article we are going to tell you what are the best tips to fumigate the garden and what you can do to have the garden in good condition.
Table of Contents
Need to fumigate the orchard
The main objective of spraying the garden is to prevent all attacks of pests and diseases in order to keep your plants well cared for. To have plants in good condition we must know very well the characteristics of those we are growing to prevent the attack of pests and diseases without the need to fumigate. For example, we must know the adequate preparation of the soil for the plantations, the irrigation and fertilization period, the location, temperatures, etc. If we make our plant or crops are in the ideal and most optimal conditions, it is less frequent that it is attacked by pests and diseases.
Another way to avoid spraying the garden is to use the crop rotation technique. It is also convenient to keep the entire area free of weeds and garden debris. All of these places are perfect reservoirs for parasites. There are beneficial animals that feed on other insects that can be harmful. Using these insects in a natural way is called biological pest control. For example, the ladybug is an insect predator of aphids of both adults and larvae. Other insects that used for the biological control of pests are the praying mantis, lizards, toads, spiders, frogs, centipedes, etc.
Another tip to avoid spraying your garden is to attract birds to your garden. You can use nesting boxes, feeders and drinkers so that the birds can live in your garden. Birds are attracted to conifers and shrubs as fruits such as blueberries, holly and blackberries, among others. With the birds on your side, you can fight a lot of pests.
If there are recurring bulb insect pests year after year, you can apply small preventive sprays. In this way, you will avoid applying a large amount of these chemicals that can deteriorate the quality of water and soil.
One of the most widespread homemade solutions in the community is the tobacco solution. And it is that you can use 50 grams of tobacco in a liter of water and add 10 grams of white soap. All this can be sprayed on our plants to avoid the attack of insects such as mealybugs, aphids and some worms.
El Bacillus thuringiensis is a bacteria that kills insects in their larval stage such as caterpillars and is sold in a jar as if it were a common phytosanitary product. This bacteria can be another way to fight pests and diseases in your crops. You can use insecticidal soap by mixing soap, oil, and water to deal with all the soft-bodied insects. Plants must be soaked for this soap to work. It is not advisable to use household soap with the plants.
Sulfur is used to treat the powdery mildew fungus and has a good action against mites.
Pest and disease control methods
Let's see what are the different methods of pest and disease control that can be done in your garden and garden:
- Chemical spraying: insecticides, acaricides, fungicides, etc. come in here.
- Fumigations with organic products: there are organic or totally homemade insecticides and fungicides that can have an effect similar to chemicals.
- Colored traps
- Manual capture of insects: This method will only be used if the insect infestation is large and not too abundant.
- Biological pest control: it has to do with everything mentioned above about the introduction of insects and birds that can naturally control the spread of harmful insects.
Tips for spraying the garden
If you have no other choice and you have to fumigate the garden, we are going to tell you some of the best tips:
- Use the right product: It must be to identify the pest that is attacking our crops to use the appropriate product and correctly eliminate said pest. You have to find out very well which plant protection product you are going to use.
- Use a mix pour moment: It is advisable not to store the products already mixed with water since they lose effectiveness over time. It is necessary to carefully calculate the amount of phytosanitary product that is needed to adjust the mixture well and use it at the moment.
- Do not spray the plants in full sun: if you carry out the fumigation in full sun you can damage the crop or the treated plants. The best time to fumigate the garden is the first last hour of the day.
- Do not use open phytosanitary products: more or less phytosanitary products have a quantity of a couple of years. It usually loses effectiveness and can be harmful to your plants.
- Apply the phytosanitary products with a sprayer: the sprayer makes the task much faster, easier and more comfortable as well as increasing the effectiveness.
- It is not always advisable to fumigate: As we have mentioned before, it is interesting to previously study if it is necessary to use phytosanitary products to fumigate the plants. It must be done when the insects that damage the plants have become a pest.
- Alternation: It is important not to always use the same phytosanitary product since the insects treated create resistance to the products and become immune. All subsequent applications will be less effective and more damaging to the soil.
- Clean the sprayer: After fumigating the garden, it is necessary to clean the backpacks or sprays used to fumigate with natural soap. It is necessary to rinse it, lather it and find it again with water.
- Correct the pH of the water: The pH of the water must be correct so that insecticides, miticides and fungicides can last much longer in the plants.
I hope that with this information you can learn more about how to fumigate the garden.