Yiziphi izingadi ze-hydroponic

yiziphi izici zezitshalo ze-hydroponic

Umhlaba olinywa ngokukhululeka uya ngokuya uncipha futhi awukho nhlobo emadolobheni. Leli qiniso liye laholela ekushabalaleni okuphelele kwamasimu ezithelo ezindaweni zasemadolobheni futhi, okubaluleke kakhulu, ekungenakwenzeka kokubuyisela indawo yokutshala izithelo, imifino, ubhontshisi nokunye ukudla. Njengoba sibhekene nale nkinga, sinesixazululo esihlinzekwa yi-hydroponics. Kodwa lokho akuyona ukuphela kwenkinga eyixazululayo, ngoba isetshenziswa kakhulu yimboni yokudla, ikakhulukazi ekudleni okuthile, ngoba i-hydroponics isiza izitshalo ukuthi zimunce amaminerali kangcono. Abantu abaningi abazi ziyini izingadi ze-hydroponic.

Ngalesi sizathu, sizonikezela lesi sihloko ukuze sikutshele konke okudingeka ukwazi mayelana nezitshalo ze-hydroponic nezici zazo.

Yiziphi izingadi ze-hydroponic

izitshalo ze-hydroponic

Ukulima kwe-Hydroponic, okwenzeka engadini ye-hydroponic, kuyindlela yokutshala izitshalo ezisebenzisa isisombululo samaminerali emanzini, kunokutshala lezo zitshalo engadini ukuze zisetshenziswe emapulazini. Amaminerali atholwa izimpande njengezakhamzimba esixazululweni esiwuketshezi esiqukethe izakhi zamakhemikhali ezidingekayo ekuthuthukisweni kwesitshalo. Igama elithi hydroponics livela egameni lesiGreki elisho "umsebenzi wamanzi."

Lezi zitshalo zingatshalwa kuzixazululo zamaminerali noma emithonjeni ye-inert njengesihlabathi esigeziwe, i-gravel noma i-perlite, njll. Phela, ngaphansi kwezimo zemvelo, inhlabathi, umhlaba, isebenza kuphela njengendawo yokugcina izakhi zamaminerali, futhi inhlabathi ngokwayo ayidingekile ekukhuleni kwezitshalo.

Lapho izakhi zomhlabathi zincibilika emanzini, izimpande zingasebenzisa, ngoba cishe noma yisiphi isitshalo sasemhlabeni esingatshalwa nge-hydroponically, nakuba iqiniso liwukuthi ezinye izitshalo zenza kangcono kunezinye. Namuhla iyindlela yokulima echumayo ngoba ilula kakhulu emazweni anezimo ezinzima zezolimo. Kokunye ukudla, ingadi ye-hydroponic ifinyelele izindinganiso zezohwebo, nakuba ibuye isetshenziswe kabanzi njengento yokuzilibazisa ngoba ikuvumela ukuthi udale ingadi encane ngisho ne-scraps kanye nesikhala esincane kakhulu, esiwusizo kakhulu emadolobheni.

Izici

ziyini izingadi ze-hydroponic

Ukusho ukuthi yonke ingadi eyakhiwe ngale nqubo inendlela ye-hydroponic iyihaba, kodwa hhayi ihaba. Lezi zinketho zivulekile futhi, ngaphezu kwalokho, ngeke ziyeke ukukhula ngeziphakamiso ezintsha. Nokho, kungashiwo izinhlobo ezimbili eziqondile.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi kunezindlela ezimane zisebenzisa amanzi nemisoco edingwa izitshalo, njengesiko lokusebenzisa amanzi ajulile. Ohlotsheni lokugcina, eshibhile futhi kulula ukuyifaka ekhaya, izimpande zilengiswa kusisombululo esine-oxygen yamanzi nezakhi.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, obunye ubuchwepheshe busekelwe kumithombo yezindaba eqinile. Uma ukhetha lo mzila, uzokwazi ukukhetha phakathi kwezindlela eziningi ongakhetha kuzo. Amanye ama-substrates emvelaphi ephilayo, njengezinsalela zamagxolo noma ubulembu, nalawo athanda izinto ezingaphili, njengegwebu noma isihlabathi.

Izinhlobo zezingadi ze-hydroponic

i-hydroponics

Izingadi ze-Hydroponic zivame ukukhiqiza ukudla okukhula ngokushesha, okunothile ngezakhi. Leli qiniso lenzeka ngoba noma ubani oyitshalayo unokulawula okuphelele phezu kwezakhi ezithinta futhi lawula ukukhula kwezitshalo, njengomswakama, i-pH, i-oxidation, nezakhamzimba.

Kunoma yikuphi, akuzona zonke izinhlelo ze-hydroponic ezifanayo, kuye ngokuthi uhambisa kanjani amanzi ngesisombululo sezakhi, kuye ngokuthi usebenzisa kanjani i-substrate, singahlukanisa izinsimu zezithelo zibe izinhlobo ezahlukene. Uma sesazi ukuthi yiziphi izingadi ze-hydroponic, sizobona izinhlobo ezahlukene ezikhona.

Ingadi yeHydroponic enezikhukhula kanye nohlelo lokudonsa amanzi

Kulolu hlelo, izitshalo zitshalwa kuthreyi egcwele uhlobo oluthile lwe-substrate, engaba inert (amaparele, amatshe amatshe, njll.) noma i-organic. Lawa mathreyi agcwele amalungiselelo omsoco athathwa yizitshalo.

Lapho izitshalo sezidle wonke umsoco, khipha ithreyi futhi uligcwalise ngokulungiselela izakhi. Isikhathi sokuhlala sesisombululo kuthreyi sincike emandleni e-substrate yokugcina amanzi nezakhi.

Ingadi yeHydroponic enohlelo lokuvuza oluneqoqo lesixazululo sezakhi

Lesi sivande se-hydroponic sisebenzisa izindlela zendabuko zokunisela nge-drip. Umehluko ukuthi okweqile kuyaqoqwa futhi kuphindiselwe esitshalweni njengoba kudingeka. Njengoba ingadi yakhiwe emthambekeni, okweqile kungasuswa.

Ingadi ye-DWP hydroponic (Amasiko Amanzi Ajulile)

Lolu hlelo lwensimu ye-hydroponic lufana kakhulu nalolo olwalusetshenziswa ezikhathini zasendulo. Beka izitshalo endishini ebekwe echibini lesisombululo sezakhi. Izimpande zithintana namanzi ukuze zikwazi ukumunca imisoco. Inkinga ukuthi uma kukhulunywa ngamanzi amile kufanele uyifake umoya-mpilo ngokusebenzisa iphampu, njengaleyo efakwe ku-aquarium.

Ingadi ye-Hydroponic NFT (Nutrient FilmTechnic)

Kuwuhlobo olusetshenziswa kakhulu lwengadi ye-hydroponic embonini. Izitshalo zifakwa kumashubhu e-PVC ngaphandle kwe-substrate futhi isisombululo sijikeleza ngokuqhubekayo emashubhu ngokusebenzisa inethiwekhi yamaphampu ukuze izimpande zikwazi ukumunca izakhi.

Izinzuzo nokungalungi

Njengazo zonke izinto, le ndlela yokuzalanisa izitshalo inezinzuzo zayo kanye nokubi. Izinzuzo yilezi:

  • ukonga isikhala, ukungabi bikho komhlaba olimekayo, isivinini sokukhula kwezitshalo, ukulawulwa kwemisoco emuncwa izitshalo, njll.
  • Ukukhula ngengadi ye-hydroponic kuyindlela elula kakhulu, ehlanzekile futhi ephumelelayo yokukhulisa ukudla.
  • Uma siyiqhathanisa nokutshalwa kwendabuko, uhlelo aludingi amanzi amaningi.
  • Akuzona zonke izitshalo ezitshalwa kusetshenziswa le nqubo futhi ezinye zisabela kangcono kunezinye.
  • Ezingadini eziningi ze-hydroponic kuyadingeka ukuhluma ku-seedbed ngaphambi kokuhlanganisa izitshalo kunoma iyiphi ingadi.
  • Ukulawulwa eduze kwekhambi lezakhamzimba kuyadingeka ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuthi isilimo sithola wonke umsoco esiwudingayo ukuze sikhule ngendlela efanele.

Phakathi kokubi, kufanele sazi okungaphezu kwalokho okudingekayo ukuze sikhule engadini (sazi ukuthi iyiphi indlela ekahle ye-hydroponics, isilinganiso sezakhi emanzini, njll.), futhi ukusetshenziswa kwamanzi kuphakeme uma kuqhathaniswa nezilimo zendabuko. . Ukuhluma kufanele kwenziwe ku-seedbed ngaphambi kwe-hydroponics, akuzona zonke izinhlobo zezitshalo ezingakhula kahle ngalesi simiso, njll.

Ngithemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi mayelana nokuthi yiziphi izingadi ze-hydroponic nokuthi yiziphi izici zazo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.