Umphumela ongaba khona we-avalanche wezikhalazo mayelana nokusikeka kokuvuselelwa kabusha

ICalifornia ikhiqiza amandla amaningi elanga

Ibhange lomphakathi langaphambili laseJalimane iWestLB, kube yinkampani yokugcina eyethule icala elibhekene noMbuso waseSpain ngaphambi kwe UCiadi (Isikhungo Samazwe Ngamazwe Sokuxazulula Izingxabano Zotshalomali) ngokunqunyulwa komholo wamandla avuselelekayo enziwa nguHulumeni we-PP.

Ngalokhu, vele kukhona ukulamula okungaphezu kwama-30 ngokumelene nezwe lethu ezinhlanganweni ezahlukahlukene zomhlaba wonke ngamacala afakwe ngabatshalizimali bamanye amazwe eSpain: eyodwa, phambi kwe-Uncitral (iKhomishini Yezizwe Ezihlangene); ezintathu, ngaphambi kwe-Arbitration Institute yeStockholm Chamber of Commerce, kanye nama-28 ngaphambi kwe-ICSID (World Bank).

Kusukela icala lokuqala, elafakwa eminyakeni eyi-6 eyedlule, ngokumelene nokuguqulwa komkhakha okwenziwa nguhulumeni kaZapatero kuze kube namuhla, sekuxazululwe kuphela ukuxazulula ezintathu. Ababili ku I-Stockholmevumayo ezweni lethu, futhi eyodwa ku-ICSID, yakamuva kakhulu futhi enjalo njengoba kuphawuliwe kuleli khasi lewebhu, esivuna isikhwama sokutshala imali se-Eiser

I-ICSID yalahla iSpain ngoMeyi odlule inhlawulo eyizigidi ezingama-128 zamaRandi, kanye nenzalo, ngomonakalo odalwe yizimali ezikhokhwayo izitshalo zalo ezintathu ezishisayo zelanga eseningizimu yeSpain.

amandla elanga

Ukusikeka okuningi ngaphandle kwesinxephezelo

UMiguel Ángel Martínez-Aroca, umongameli we-Anpier (I-National Association of Photovoltaic Energy Producers), iqinisekisa ukuthi kunemiqondo emibili ebalulekile ehlukanisa imiklomelo emibili yeNkantolo yaseStockholm kuleyo ye-ICSID. “Ngakolunye uhlangothi, amacala aseStockholm abhekisele ekuguqulweni komkhakha ovunyelwe uhulumeni wobusoshiyali kaRodríguez Zapatero kanye ne-ICSID enguqulweni yakamuva ye-PP.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, futhi okubaluleke kakhulu, uhulumeni kaZapatero unxephezele ukusikwa kweminyaka emithathu ngeminye iminyaka emihlanu egcina umholo, okungukuthi, isinxephezelo kwakuphakeme kunokusikeka. Kodwa-ke, uHulumeni waseRajoy akazange abeke noma yisiphi isinxephezelo ngokusikeka kwakhe okuphezulu kakhulu.

UMnu Martínez uyanezela ukuthi, Umbango ovuselelekayo ubeke iSpain njengelinye lamazwe amathathu emhlabeni enamacala amaningi afakwe kuwo. Futhi okubaluleke kakhulu, uMbuso kungadingeka ubhekane nesinxephezelo esingaba yizigidi ezingama-7.000 uma konke ukulamula kuvumelana nabatshalizimali. "Lokhu kuzoshiya izwe lethu linomfanekiso odabukisayo."

Ngokwakhe, uNgqongqoshe Wezamandla, Ezokuvakasha kanye ne-Digital Agenda, u-vlvaro Nadal, usephumele obala wathi lezi zinxephezelo abamkhathazi kakhulu, ngoba zizohlala ziphansi kunokonga okwenziwe ukuguqulwa komkhakha kagesi.

Ngemuva kokulamula kwe-ICSID okulahla umbuso waseSpain ngenhlawulo yezigidi eziyi-128, uHulumeni ugunyaze umthetho okuzosetshenziswa ngawo insalela yohlelo lukagesi ukukhokha kakhulu lokho kuhle njengezinye ezizayo.

rajoy no-esteban

Lesi sinqumo asithandwanga nhlobo emkhakheni, ngemuva kweminyaka eyishumi nambili isilele, uhlelo beluthole kusukela ngo-2014 insalela ebalelwa ezigidini eziyi-1.130 kwaze kwaba ngu-2016. Ngokwezinhlangano ezimbalwa, «Kusebentisa insalela yemkhakha kukhokha isinxephezelo sokusikwa kwabatshali bezimali bamazwe ngamazwe kuyadabukisa.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, kule mpi kukhona impikiswano enkulu abatshalizimali baseSpain abangakwazi ukuthola okwamanje ukutshalwa kwezimali okwenziwe ezitshalweni ezivuselelekayo ngoba iNkantolo Yomthethosisekelo kanye neNkantolo Ephakeme isizathu kuhulumeniNgenkathi abatshalizimali bakwamanye amazwe kulezi zitshalo ezifanayo bengathola isinxephezelo ngenxa yokulamula kwamazwe (okungasetshenziswa kuphela ngamabhizinisi angaphandle).

Ombudsman ukutakula

Lesi simo sigxekwe yiqembu lalabo abathintekayo phambi kuka-Ombudsman, owancoma ukuthi uHulumeni "asebenzise izinyathelo ezidingekayo ukuze abatshalizimali baseSpain emandleni ka-photovoltaic ababone ukunqunyelwa komholo wabo bangatholi ukuphathwa kabi kunabatshalizimali abavela emazweni asayinayo Isivumelwano Somqulu Wezamandla.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, kumele isungule izindlela ezibonakala zilula ukunxephezela umhlatshelo wobunye oshiwo ngoshintsho lomholo kubasebenzi. Abatshalizimali baseSpain".

Izinto ze-LPP zamapaneli elanga

UCiadi

Mayelana nokulamula kwamazwe ngamazwe, kufanele kuqashelwe ukuthi izinqubo ezihamba kancane kakhulu nokuthi izinqumo zabo zingezokugcina. Odabeni lwe-ICSID, amacala angama-27 kwangu-28 asevele eqoke inkantolo ehambisanayo, yakhiwa ngumongameli kanye nonompempe ababili, eyodwa ekhethwe iqembu ngalinye. Bobathathu bavela emazweni ahlukene futhi angafani. Izindleko zokubuyisana kwakamuva kwe-ICSID, ezanikeza isizathu iBritish Eiser, zaba cishe ama-euro ayizi-900.000, lapho ezingama-255.000 zazilingana nomongameli wenkantolo, i-American John Crook, ama-euro ayi-163.000 kumlamuli waseBulgaria u-Alexandrov, owavikela ummangali, kwathi u-114.000 waya kuNew Zealander McLachlan, owavikela izintshisekelo zoMbuso WaseSpain.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.