Ukufakwa kwe-Photovoltaic

Ukuzisebenzisela amandla

Kusukela intela yelanga, umthethonqubo owasungulwa ngonyaka we-2015 futhi owabeka izithiyo eziningi zokusebenzisa amandla elanga ukuzimela emakhaya nasezinkampanini ezizimele, awusekho, singasebenzisa ukuzisebenzisela amandla. Ukuze senze lokhu, kufanele sazi konke okuphathelene nokufakwa kwe-photovoltaic. Sizonikezela le ndatshana ukuze ichaze konke odinga ukukwazi ukuze uthokozele okwakho ukufakwa kwe-photovoltaic zombili emikhakheni ezimele neyamabhizinisi.

Uma ufuna ukwazi kabanzi ngokufakwa kwe-photovoltaic, lokhu okuthunyelwe kwakho.

Iparadigm yokufakwa kwe-photovoltaic

Ukuphela kwentela yelanga

Ngenxa yokuqedwa kwentela yelanga, akusadingeki ukufakwa kwe-photovoltaic ngamandla angaphansi kuka-100 kW okubhalisa. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ngenxa yezinqubomgomo ezisebenza ukuthuthukisa ukuguquka kwemvelo, izindlu eziningana zizokwazi ukuzuza ngasikhathi sinye kusuka ekuzisebenziseni okwabiwe ngokwakho. Lokhu kuba yinto ekahle noma nini lapho amapuleti esendlini eyodwa lapho kuhlala khona abantu abangaphezu kwama-65% ezweni.

Labo abafuna ukubheja ngokufakwa kwamapaneli eSolar emakhaya futhi bakwazi ukuziphathela ugesi wabo, ngeke bakhokhe mali kuhulumeni. Lo mthetho wenze ukuthi kukhanye izinqubo zokuphatha ezidingekayo ukuze sikwazi ukujabulela ukuzisebenzisela ugesi. Iningi lezithiyo elanikezwa intela yelanga kwakuyizidingo ezazifunwa yimithethonqubo eshiwo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, kukho konke lokhu kungezwa ukwehla okumangazayo kwamanani wamapaneli elanga okuzosho ukuthi amakhaya nezinkampani eziningi zithatha isinqumo sokubheja ngalo mandla ahlanzekile.

Ukutshalwa kwezimali nokonga

Ukuphela kwentela yelanga

Uma sesiyihlolile le paradigm, sinezinketho ezimbili: ngakolunye uhlangothi, singaqasha izinsizakalo zenkampani egxile ekufakweni kwemishini yokuqoqa amandla elanga, ukugcina kanye nokusabalalisa. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, singakwenza ngokwethu kuphela ukuthi kuzoya ngesabelomali esinaso salokhu kutshalwa kwezimali.

Ukuthola umbono sithatha njengereferensi ikhaya lomndeni owodwa elisenkabeni yeSpain. Izindleko eziphelele zokufakwa kwe-photovoltaic zingahluka phakathi kwe-9.000 ne-11.000 euros. Isilinganiso sokusetshenziswa komndeni ngamunye silinganiselwa ku-3.487 kWh ngonyaka, okulingana no-9.553 Wh ngosuku, okuletha ukukhishwa kwaminyaka yonke kwama-euro angama-520, ngoba inani le-kWh ngalinye limi ku-0,15 euros.

Ngokubheka konke lokhu kubalwa nezinombolo, singafinyelela esiphethweni sokuthi sizodinga cishe iminyaka eyi-18 ukuze sikwazi ukulinganisa utshalomali olwenziwe. Yilapho-ke lapho sizonga khona u-100% wokusetshenziswa kukagesi. Impilo yokusebenziseka kwamapaneli elanga imvamisa izungeza iminyaka engama-25, ngakho-ke inani lama-euro angama-3.600 lingasindiswa.

Izindleko zesondlo

Kukho konke ukutshalwa kwezimali kufanele sengeze izindleko ezingeziwe ezingase zivele njengoba kunesidingo, kwesinye isikhathi, ukuthi kufanele sivumelanise uphahla ukuze ukufakwa kwe-photovoltaic kukwazi ukungena kahle. Uma kunesidingo, uhlobo oluthile lokuguqulwa noma lokuzivumelanisa nezimo kufanele lwenziwe ukusatshalaliswa nokugcinwa kwamandla. Enye yezinzuzo ezihlinzekwa ukufakwa kwe-photovoltaic ukuthi singasebenzisa izinsiza ezithile noma uxhaso, kokubili kusuka emikhandlwini yamadolobha nasemikhandlwini, ukuze sinciphise izindleko zokutshala imali. Lezi zinhlaka zikahulumeni ziya ngokuya zikhuthaza zonke izakhamizi ukuthi zijoyine futhi zibheje ngamandla avuselelekayo.

Amapaneli elanga adinga ukunakekelwa okuthile futhi kunezinkampani eziningi ezinikezelwe kuwo. Ezinye izinkampani zokufaka zinikezelwe ukufaka ukunakekelwa okukhethekile kwezindawo zazo emaphaketheni azo. Ngokwesibonelo, kufanele sazi ukuthi kufanele kwenziwe kanjani futhi nini ukuhlanzwa kwamapaneli ukuze asebenze kahle, phakathi kwabanye. Lezi zinto zibalulekile lapho sihlola ukuthi sikhetha ukuzisebenzisela amandla kagesi noma sihlala sixhumene nogesi.

Ukufaka ngakunye kwe-photovoltaic

Ukufakwa kwe-Photovoltaic

Uma sifuna ukwenza ukufakwa kwe-photovoltaic ekhaya lethu sisodwa, kufanele siqale sazi uhlobo lwepaneli yelanga esizoyifaka. Kunezinhlobo ezahlukahlukene zamapaneli elanga anezici ezahlukahlukene, ukusebenza namanani. Kumele sikhethe lawo mapaneli elanga afanelekela izidingo zethu kanye nesabelomali sethu. Kunezinhlobo ezintathu eziyinhloko zamapaneli elanga: iphaneli yelanga ye-photovoltaic, iphaneli elishisayo lelanga namaphaneli we-hybrid.

Amapaneli we-Photovoltaic welanga yizona ezimbili ezivame kakhulu futhi ezivame ukusetshenziselwa lolu hlobo lokufakwa kwe-photovoltaic. Lolu hlobo lwepuleti lunobuntu obuyinhloko futhi lokho ukuthi ukusebenza kwalo kunesibopho sokuthwebula amandla aqhamuka elangeni ukuze aliguqule libe elinye lamanje. Imvamisa inamandla nokusebenza okwanele ekusebenzeni okufanele kwazo zonke izinto esivame ukuba nazo emakhaya ethu. Lawa mapaneli awakwazi ukuzisebenzela ngokwawo kepha adinga i- inverter yamandla. Ngaphezu kwalokho, uzodinga amabhethri wokugcina asebenza ukonga amandla asetshenziswayo.

Ukuzimela kwamandla

Ukuthola ukuzimela okuphelele kwamandla ngaphandle kokuhlukaniswa nogesi, sizodinga amabhethri futhi sithengise amandla ethu asele. Ukuze sithole kakhulu amandla akhiqizwa ngamapaneli elanga, kufanele sibe nebhethri lapho wonke ugesi esingawudli ngaleso sikhathi noma esifuna ukukwazi ukuwusebenzela noma iyiphi injongo ethile ungaba okugciniwe. Phatha lolu hlobo lwebhethri sengathi ibhethri yemoto kagesi.

Akufanele nje kuphela ukuthi sigcine amandla esingawasebenzisi noma esifuna ukuwonga umzuzwana othile, kodwa futhi kufanele sicabange ngokuthi senzeni ngogesi okhiqizwa kakhulu. La mandla athe xaxa angenza ukuthi sithole imali uma siyithengisa. Kukhona ezinye izinkampani ezifana neHolaluz leyo weluleka futhi uhlaziye nokufakwa kwe-photovoltaic futhi uthenge amandla angasetshenziswanga ukuze ukwazi ukukhonza amanye amakhasimende akho.

Njengoba ukwazi ukubona, ukufakwa kwe-photovoltaic sekuba yiphrojekthi esebenza kangcono futhi sifuna ukukongela ukonga amandla ephaketheni lethu nokunciphisa imithelela yamandla angavuseleleki emvelweni. Ngiyethemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi ngokufakwa kwe-photovoltaic.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.