Ukubheja amalahle kufaka umoya eVietnam

Ukungcola kwamalahle eVietnam

Ukubheja okwamukelwe iziphathimandla zaseVietnam ze izikhungo zokuphehla ugesi ngamalahle ukuze kuhlangatshezwane nokwanda okunamandla kwesidingo samandla kuletha nakho ukwanda kokungcola okungcolisayo, okwenza umoya emadolobheni amakhulu ungabi nempilo.

IHanoi yidolobha elithinteke kakhulu, selivele lingo-2017 kuphela sikujabulele izinsuku ezingama-38 zomoya ohlanzekile, kuphindwe kane amazinga aphansi aphakathi kwe-WHO (i-World Health Organisation), ngokusho kombiko omusha we-Green ID (i-Vietnamese Center for Green Innovation and Development.

Ngasikhathi sinye lokho ithrafikhi ezungezile nezimboni unokuthile okuphathelene nokukhishwa njenganoma iliphi elinye idolobha kunezelwa izitshalo zamandla amalahle ezingaphezu kwama-20 ezungeze inhlokodolobha.

Umbiko oshiwo ngenhla uveza leli qiniso njengenye yezinto ezibalulekile, nekhwalithi yomoya ezindaweni zokugcina eziseNingizimu-mpumalanga ye-Asia.

Nguyen Thi Khanh, Umqondisi we-Green ID, kuchazwe engqungqutheleni yakamuva eHanoi ukuthi:

“Amazwe afana neChina neSouth Korea afulathela amalahle ngoba lokho kubeka engcupheni impilo.

Sekuyisikhathi sokuthi sikhethe indlela entsha yentuthuko engabandakanyi ukunikelwa kwemvelo nomoya ohlanzekile ”.

Kodwa-ke, amazwi afana nakaKhanh, ngenhlanhla amaningi futhi amaningi, awazishintshi izinhlelo zeziphathimandla zaseVietnam, abazibonile Amalahle ngumthombo wamandla oshibhile wokuhlangabezana nezidingo zemboni nabathengi ngokwabo, ezikhula ngaphezu kuka-10% unyaka nonyaka.

Izitshalo zamandla amalahle ezingaphezulu

Intuthuko enkulu yezomnotho kula mashumi amathathu eminyaka edlule idale ukufunwa kwamandla, ngenxa yalokho sinomonakalo omkhulu emvelweni.

Phakathi kuka-1991 no-2012, iGDP yezwe (iGross Domestic Product) inyuke ngo-315% ngenkathi ukwanda kokukhishwa kwegesi ebamba ukushisa kume kuma-937%.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, ngezitshalo zamalahle ezingama-26 izwe elisebenza kuzona, umbuso wobukhomanisi uhlela ukwengeza ezinye eziyisithupha ngo-6 bese usebenza ngo-2020 okungenani izitshalo zamalahle ezingama-51, ngethemba ngale ndlela ukukhiqiza ngaphezu kwengxenye yamandla asetshenzisiwe, kushisa cishe amathani ayizigidi eziyi-129 amalahle ngonyaka.

imishini yamalahle engaphakathi

Esifundazweni saseLong An, esiseduze kakhulu neHo Chi Ming (idolobha elinabantu abaningi ezweni nalapho umoya ukhula khona ngendlela eyethusayo), kuhlelwa ukwakhiwa kwesinye sezikhungo zamandla ezisebenza ngamalahle.

I-Vietnamese Center for Green Innovation and Development ilinganisela ukuthi uma ukwakhiwa kwalesi sitshalo kuqediwe, ivolumu yothuli emoyeni kwezinye izindawo lizokwanda ngo-11, ngaphezu kwalokho, i-sulfur oxide izokwenyuka ngo-7 kuthi i-nitrate oxide ngo-4 uma kuqhathaniswa namazinga asungulwe ngonyaka we-2014.

Lokhu kuzokwenza kube nzima Ukuzibophezela kweVietnam ekwehliseni ukungcola kwayo kungcolisa ngo-2030 ngama-25%.

Ukufa ngaphambi kwesikhathi

Ngokusho kocwaningo olushicilelwe yiHarvard University kanye neGreenpeace, ukwakhiwa nokuvulwa kwalezi zikhungo eziphehla ugesi ngamalahle nakho kuzodala ukwanda okukhulu kwabantu abafa ngaphambi kwesikhathi ezweni.

Kulinganiselwa ukuthi ngonyaka ka-2030 ngaphezulu kuka-20.000 XNUMX waseVietnam uzofa ngonyaka, iphindwe cishe kahlanu kunango-2011 futhi idlula ngisho isilinganiso samazwe angomakhelwane.

UKim Yong Kim, uMongameli weBhange Lomhlaba uxwayise engqungqutheleni ukuthi:

"Uma iVietnam iqhubeka nezinhlelo zayo namazwe esifunda elandela indlela efanayo, kungaba yinhlekelele emhlabeni."

Leli bhizinisi, elixhase ngemali izitshalo zamalahle eziningana e-Asia eminyakeni yamuva, izophela ngosizo lwayo kusuka ku-2019. Kodwa-ke, iVietnam izophendukela ekuxhasweni ngemali evela emazweni afana neSouth Korea, Japan kanye neChina, amazwe lapho amalahle alahlekelwa khona futhi izidingo zawo zemvelo zinzima kakhulu ezinkampanini.

Ngalezi zizathu, okunye okusimeme okufunwa yiBhange Lomhlaba kanye namaqembu ezemvelo ngenani lamahora okukhanya kwelanga namandla omoya ezinye izifunda zombuso waseHanoi akubonakali kuyinto ephambili.

Hoang Quoc Vuong, Iphini LikaNgqongqoshe Wezezimboni, wavuma ukuthi:

"Isifiso sokuqhubekela phambili sizoqhubeka nokuba ngamandla kagesi akhiqizwa ngamalahle ngenxa yobunzima bezobuchwepheshe kanye nokuntuleka kokuzinza kwelanga nomoya ezweni."

 


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.