Ukubaluleka okukhulu kwamandla omoya

Ukufakwa kwe-windmill

Ukuhlaziya ukubaluleka kwamandla omoya emkhakheni wezamandla womhlaba, kuyadingeka ukuthi kubhekwe zonke izixhumanisi ezikule ketane ukuthi ayadingeka ukwenza ubucwebe obusemqhele, ophephela odumile womoya lokho kwenza amapulazi omoya, isilo sobuchwepheshe sokuziphendukela kwamanje.

Ngokulandelayo sizochaza ukuthi la mapulazi omoya asebenza kanjani. Ngaphandle kwe- ukubaluleka okukhulu kwamandla akhiqizwayo kubo ezimpilweni zethu, futhi njengenye indlela yesikhathi esizayo esiseduze.

Ukusebenza kwepulazi lomoya

Ukuxhashazwa kwe- 1 MW ophephela efakwe epulazini lomoya lingafinyelela gwema amathani angama-2000 e-carbon dioxide (CO2), uma ugesi okhiqizwayo ukhishwe yizitshalo ze-thermoelectric.

Izigayo zomoya

Ngokubhekisisa zonke izixhumanisi ezikule chain, amandla nezinto zokwakha ezidingekayo kokubili ukukhiqiza Ngokuqondene nokuqedwa kwama-wind turbines, kungaphawulwa ukuthi ibhalansi yamandla asetshenzisiwe iyathandeka.

Umjikelezo wempilo wama-turbine omoya nawo uyafundwa. A 2,5 MW ophendulwa ngumoya, ngempilo esebenzisekayo engaba yiminyaka engama-20 ngaphansi kwezimo ezijwayelekile zokusebenza, ingakwazi ukhiqize kuze kufike ku-3.000 MW ngonyaka, okwanele ukusetshenziswa kokuzungezile Imindeni eyi-1.000 3.000 kuya kwayi-XNUMX XNUMX (kuya ngokuthengiswayo) ngonyaka. Isikhathi sokusebenziseka kwenjini ephendulwa ngumoya kulinganiselwa phakathi kweminyaka engama-20 nengama-25.

Eolico Park

Ungahlukanisa i- "okuncane " umshini womoya (kusuka kumashumi ambalwa ama-watts kuze kufike ku-10 KW) okusetshenziselwa i- ukudonsa amanzi noma ukuhlinzeka ugesi ezindaweni ezingazodwa, yemishini yomoya enamandla kakhulu (kusuka ku-50 KW kuya ku-5 MW) exhunywe kumanethiwekhi kagesi, okuyilawo asathuthuka ngokwengeziwe. Lezi zokugcina zivame ukuhlanganiswa kabusha kulokho okubizwa ngokuthi eolico Ipaki.

Indlu iMinieolica

 

Cishe yonke imishini yomoya ekhiqiza ugesi iqukethe i-rotor enezinhlamvu noma izindwani ezizungeza i-axis enezingqimba. Lokhu okunamathiselwe enhlanganweni yokudlulisela ngomshini noma ukuphindaphindeka futhi, ekugcineni, kuye ku- I-generator kagesi, womabili atholakala endaweni yesikhulumi elenga phezulu kombhoshongo.

Kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuthi blade ubude Kuzoba nesinqumo esinqumayo ukukhiqiza amandla noma ijubane elingaphezulu noma elincane, ngoba lapho kukhula i- indawo enkulu eshanele izofinyelela futhi ngokusobala izokhiqiza i- amandla akhuphukile.

Ukubaluleka kwamandla omoya

  • Abaphikisi bamapulazi omoya emazweni athuthukile bavame ukuphikisana nge- ukungcoliswa okubukwayo, umsindo wayo nokuthi ukukhiqizwa kwayo akwanele ukuhlangabezana nezidingo zamandla. I- amandla omoya Kufanele kuthathwe njengomthombo omusha wamandla, amandla ahlanzekile, aguqukayo futhi ahambisane nezinye izinhlobo zokukhiqiza.

Umoya Sweden

  • Ngokuqondene ne ukungakhululeki ukuthi kungadala, bayohlala njalo bebaningi ingaphansi kwaleyo ebangelwa ezinye izinhlobo zamandla njenge, isibonelo, njengamandla amalahle noma enuzi.

Isitshalo samalahle

  • Masingakhohlwa ukuthi njengamandla akhiqizwa umoya, nokunyakaza kwawo, kungamandla e-kinetic ngakho-ke akungcolisi, futhi-ke omunye wamandla ahlanzekile kunawo wonke Yini esingayithola.

Inselelo yesikhathi esizayo ukuthi thola umthombo wamandla oshibhile, ongangcolisi, ovuselelekayo nofinyelelekayo kubo bonke amazwe omhlaba (kunzima ngama-lobbies laphaya), evumela ezokuthutha, izimboni kanye namakhaya ukunciphisa ukuncika esinakho ku-oyela namuhla, futhi kubonakala sengathi amandla omoya ingenye yezindlela ezingcono kakhulu kulokhu.

Ipulazi lomoya elikhulu kunawo wonke eSpain lise-El Andévalo (Huelva)

Ipulazi lomoya laseHuelva

ISpain, njengoba injalo iphayona nezwe elihola phambili ekusetshenzisweni kwamandla omoya, yize eminyakeni yamuva nje ukufakwa kwamapaki amasha kumile. Noma kunjalo, sisengaziqhayisa ngokuba nepulazi lomoya elikhulu kunawo wonke ezwenikazi laseYurophu.

Kuyinkimbinkimbi ye-El Andévalo, ene 292 MW wayo amandla adlulwa kuphela yipaki iWhitelee, eScotland, ebalelwa ku-322. Into enelukuluku ukuthi bobabili bangabenkampani eyodwa, futhi yiSpanish, i-Iberdrola Renovables, futhi womabili anama-turbine avela enkampanini yaseBasque iGamesa.

Ngenkathi i-Andévalo iphethwe eminyakeni embalwa eyedlule, inkampani yahlanganisa isikhundla sayo se- umholi wamandla amandla omoya kokubili e-Andalusia, eno-851 MW, naseSpain yonkana, nge-5.700 MW.

Ikuphi i-Andévalo?

Itholakala phakathi komasipala baseHuelva i-El Almendro, i-Alosno, iSan Silvestre nePuebla de Guzmán, eningizimu yalesi sifundazwe sase-Andalusian. Isakhiwo, esaqala uku isebenza ngo-2010Yenziwe ngamapulazi omoya ayisishiyagalombili: iMajal Alto (50 MW), iLos Lirios (48 MW), i-El Saucito (30 MW), i-El Centenar (40 MW), iLa Tallisca (40 MW), iLa Retuerta (38 MW) , Las Cabezas (18 MW) kanye neValdefuentes (28 MW).

Sekukonke, le 292 MW eshiwo ngenhla, evumela ukukhiqizwa kwamandla kagesi kwalesi sitshalo esikhulu ukuhlinzeka ngemizi eyi-140.000 futhi kubalwa ukuthi kugwema ukungcola umkhathi okungekho ngaphansi kuka Amathani we-510.000 ye-CO2.

KwakungoFebhuwari 2010 lapho U-Iberdrola Renovales ithathe ubunikazi bayo yonke inkimbinkimbi. Ipulazi lomoya iLos Lirios kwaba elokugcina elalithola, ngaphakathi kwesivumelwano sokuthengiswa kwepulazi lomoya kanye nesivumelwano sokuthenga e-Andalusia esisayinwe noGamesa. Lo msebenzi, oyingxenye yesivumelwano esasayinwa yizo zombili izinkampani ngo-2005 sokudayiswa kwamapulazi omoya e-Andalusia. Kwakhe izindleko zokugcina zeqe ama-euro ayizigidi ezingama-320.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   ANA ISPAPA kusho

    Kungenzeka kanjani ukunquma ukuthi insimu ipulazi lomoya lifakwe kuphi?
    Yiziphi izici zokunquma kokuklanywa nokufakwa kwayo?