Yini ukungcola

ukungcoliswa komkhathi

Ukungcoliswa kwemvelo kungenye yezinkinga ezinkulu ezithinta ngqo impilo yezinto eziphilayo, umhlaba kanye nomuntu. Lokhu kungcola kuyanda nsuku zonke ngenxa yentuthuko yezenhlalakahle nezimboni. Kunezinhlobo ezahlukene zokungcola kuye ngokuthi kuyini umthombo nesimo. Uhlobo ngalunye lokungcola lunezimbangela nemiphumela yako. Abantu abaningi abazi kuyini ukungcola futhi iyini imiphumela yako.

Ngalesi sizathu, sizonikezela lesi sihloko ukuze sikutshele ukuthi kuyini ukungcola, yiziphi izici zakho nemiphumela.

Yini ukungcola

kuyini ukungcola

Qala ngokuqonda ukuthi kuyini ukungcoliswa komoya, bese usuka lapho uchaze ukuthi yikuphi okunye ukungcola noma izinhlobo zokungcola ezikhona. Uma sikhuluma ngokungcoliswa kwemvelo, sibhekisela ekungenisweni kwanoma yiluphi uhlobo lwamakhemikhali, umzimba noma i-ejenti yezinto eziphilayo endaweni ezungezile. ukukhiqiza izinguquko ezihlukahlukene eziyingozi. Lezi zinguquko zingase zithinte noma zingathinti impilo, inhlalakahle kanye nokuphila kwezinhlobonhlobo zezinto eziphilayo jikelele.

Izinto ezingcolisayo zingaba, isibonelo, izibulala-zinambuzane, izibulala-khula, amagesi angcolisayo namanye amakhemikhali afana ne-petroleum, imisebe kanye nemfucuza kamasipala. Abantu banemisebenzi ehlukahlukene yezomnotho, evimbela ukwakheka kwezinto ezingcolisa umoya. Imisebenzi yabantu efana nezimboni, ezentengiselwano noma izimayini yiyona ebangela eziningi zalokhu kungcola.

Ukungcoliswa kwemvelo ihlobene ngokuqondile nentuthuko yezomnotho nezenhlalakahle yezwe. Uma izwe lithuthukisiwe, ukwanda kokungcola, kulapho okuvamile. Kulokhu, kuyadingeka ukudala nokwethula umqondo wentuthuko esimeme kuwo wonke amazwe. Uma sesazi ukuthi kuyini ukungcola, sizokhuluma ngezinhlobo ezahlukene zokungcola ezikhona.

Izinhlobo zokungcola

Ukungcoliswa kwamanzi

ukungcola emanzini

Kuwukungcoliswa kwemvelo okuthinta kokubili amanzi olwandle nalawo emifula. Lokhu kungcola kuthinta bonke izinhlobo eziphilayo ezihlala kulawa manzi kanye nemvelo ezungezile. Lokhu kungcola kwamanzi kungavela emithonjeni ehlukene efana nale:

  • Ukukhishwa kwezimboni.
  • Ukusetshenziswa ngokweqile kwezibulala-zinambuzane noma izibulala-zinambuzane kwezolimo. La makhemikhali aphazamisa ibhalansi, abulale izinkulungwane zezinto eziphilayo zasemanzini.
  • Ukukhipha okokugeza okuwasha okubangela ukugcwala kwamanzi. Lokhu kwe-eutrophication kwenzeka ngoba ukudlula kokukhanya nomoya-mpilo kuvinjiwe.
  • Uwoyela uchitheka kusuka ezinkundleni ezinkulu zikawoyela.
  • Isiphepho noma izikhukhula nazo zingadala ukungcoliswa kwamanzi ngokuxuba izinto eziyingozi.
  • Ukushintsha kwesimo sezulu

Ukungcola kwesibhakabhaka

Kungolunye lwezinhlobo eziningi zokungcola emhlabeni wethu. Kwenzeka lapho ukwakheka kwamakhemikhali nemvelo komoya kushintsha, kuthinta yonke impilo eMhlabeni. Ikakhulukazi izilwane ezithinteka kakhulu esihlalweni. Phakathi kwezimbangela zokungcoliswa komoya, sithola okulandelayo:

  • Igesi ekhishwa yizinjini ezivuthayo zangaphakathi.
  • Izinhlekelele zemvelo ezifana nomlilo zivame ukwandisa ukukhishwa kwamagesi abamba ukushisa njenge-carbon dioxide.
  • Imboni iphinde ikhiphe amanani amakhulu amakhemikhali anjenge-sulphur dioxide noma i-carbon monoxide. La manani amagesi abamba ukushisa anezela emithelela emibi yokushintsha kwesimo sezulu emhlabeni wonke.
  • Ukushiswa kwezinto ezilahlwayo, njengezinsalela zemifino ezivela kwezolimo.
  • Izinqubo zokucindezela amandla ezikhulula amagesi angcolisayo.
  • Izinqubo zemvelo njengokuxoshwa kwamagesi ezinkomeni. Ukwanda kwemfuyo nakho kunomthelela omubi emiphumeleni yomphumela wokushisa.

Izitezi

Ingolunye lwezinhlobo zokunukubezeka kwemvelo esikuthola kaningi. Ngokuvamile kubangelwa ukwethulwa kwamakhemikhali athinta ukuvunda komhlabathi. Kula makhemikhali, esinawo kakhulu izibulala-zinambuzane, izibulala-zinambuzane nezibulala ukhula.

Izitshalo zithinteka kakhulu kulokhu kungcoliswa komhlabathi. Nakuba izilwane nazo ziyathinteka njengoba zidla izilwane ezidle lo mhlaba ongcolile. Lokhu kungcola kungandisa imiphumela emibi kulo lonke uchungechunge lokudla.

Okushisayo

Kubangelwa ukwanda kwamazinga okushisa omhlaba. Lona omunye wemiphumela eqondile yokushintsha kwesimo sezulu. Lezi zinguquko zenziwe umuntu ngokukhishwa ngokweqile kwamagesi abamba ukushisa. Isici esiyinhloko sala magesi abamba ukushisa amandla awo okugcina ukushisa okuvela emisebeni yelanga e-ultraviolet futhi angakuvumeli ukuba kukhishelwe emkhathini.

Uma siqhubeka nokuthuthukisa ukwahlukanisa, izinga lokushisa elimaphakathi lomhlaba lizokhuphuka. Lokhu kube nemiphumela engemihle, njengokuwohloka kokulinganisa kwemvelo kwezindawo eziningi eziphilayo emhlabeni jikelele.

Ukungcola ngemisebe

Enye yezinhlobo zamandla ezisetshenziswa kakhulu amandla enuzi. La mandla akhipha izinto ezikwazi ukukhipha udoti okhipha imisebe ngokuhamba kwesikhathi. Ngenxa yokuthi lezi zinto ezikhipha imisebe zithinta ngokuqondile i-DNA yezinto eziphilayo, zibangele ukukhubazeka nokuguqulwa kwezizukulwane ezihlukene, ziyingozi kakhulu ezintweni eziphilayo.

I-Acoustics

Kuwuhlobo lokungcola okukhiqizwa wumsindo omkhulu wasemadolobheni.. Ziyimisebenzi yabantu kanye nemisebenzi ekhiqiza ukungcola okushiwo.. Akulona uhlobo lokungcola oluthinta ngokuqondile ukuphila kwezidalwa eziphilayo, kodwa luthinta imikhuba efana nokudla nokukhiqiza, ukufuduka kanye nokuphila kahle okuvamile.

Ukungcola okulula

Ukungcoliswa kokukhanya kubangelwa ikakhulukazi ngokukhanyisa okwenziwa kakhulu emadolobheni. Ngokuvamile kuthinta umjikelezo wempilo yezilwane eziningi kanye nendlela yazo yokuhlobana. Izinhlobo eziningi zezilwane zigcina zilahlekelwe imvelo yazo ngenxa yokungcoliswa kokukhanya. Kuphinde kuthinte abantu ngokubancisha ubuthongo nokuphumula futhi kukhuphule izinga lokucindezeleka kubantu abaningi.

Ukungcoliswa kukagesi

imfucumfucu yepulasitiki

Kuwuhlobo lokungcoliswa kwemvelo lokho kwenzeka ukusula izinhlayiya zikagesi emisebenzini ehlukene yezimboni. Kungabangela izifo futhi kuzothinta imikhuba ehlukahlukene yezidalwa eziphilayo.

Visual

Kuvame kakhulu kunoma yiliphi idolobha. Imayelana nokuguqulwa kwalezo zici zezwe eziphazamisa ubuhle bayo. Ngokuyinhloko kungenxa yokwethulwa kwezinto ezingezona zemvelo.

Ukudla

Lokhu kungcola kubangelwa ukusetshenziswa kwemikhiqizo enezinto ezinobuthi nezingcolisayo ezingena emzimbeni wethu. Ngisho nanamuhla kunemithethonqubo eminingi nezilawuli zokugwema izakhi ezinobuthi ekudleni. Kodwa-ke, asikwazi neze ukuba nengozi 0 yokuthi kukhona ubuthi obunobuthi ekudleni.

Ngethemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi mayelana nokuthi kuyini ukungcola nokuthi yiziphi izinhlobo zako ezihlukene.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.