Izinkinga ngezimoto ezixubile

izimoto ezixubile

Imoto eyi-hybrid iwuhlobo lwemoto esebenzisa izinjini ezimbili, enye yendabuko eshisayo nenye ekagesi, ukuze isebenze. Ngenxa yalokho, uma kungase kuphuke, kungase kuphakame izinkinga kukho kokubili injini evuthayo, ngokuvamile esebenzisa uphethiloli, kanye nebhethri elinamandla amakhulu elinika amandla injini kagesi.

Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela ukuthi yiziphi eziyinhloko izinkinga zemoto eyi-hybrid nokuthi zixazululwa kanjani.

Ukuduma kwezimoto ezixubile

izinkinga zemoto eyi-hybrid

Enye yezinzuzo eziphawulekayo zezimoto eziyi-hybrid isidingo sazo esiphansi sokunakekelwa, ikakhulukazi uma kuqhathaniswa nezimoto ezivuthayo, ikakhulukazi lezo ezisebenzisa udizili. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ingxenye eshisayo yezimoto eziyi-hybrid iyaziwa ngokuthembeka kwayo. Ngenxa yalokho, Izinkinga eziningi zivame ukuvela ohlelweni lwezithuthuthu zikagesi.

Isasasa lezimoto eziwuhlobo lwe-hybrid liyaqhubeka nokukhula njengoba liyanda inani labantu abakhetha lezi zimoto. Ukusebenza kwayo okukhethekile, izici kanye nezinga lokuhluleka eliphansi ngokuphawulekayo kuqhuba lo mkhuba. EYurophu, Isidingo sezimoto ezingama-hybrid sikhuphuke safinyelela ku-7,5% phakathi kuka-2020 no-2021.

Izibalo ziyazikhulumela: ukukhetha imoto eyingxubevange kungonga izindleko zokuyilungisa kuze kufike ku-80% eminyakeni eyishumi uma kuqhathaniswa nemoto kadizili, futhi kuze kufike ku-90% uma kuqhathaniswa nemoto evamile yangaphakathi.

Ukuze uvimbele izinkinga ezivamile ezingase ziphakame ngemoto yakho eyi-hybrid, kubalulekile ukwazi izinkinga ezivame kakhulu nokuthi ungazixazulula kanjani.

Yikuphi ukuwohloka okujwayelekile okutholwa izimoto ezihlanganisiwe?

imoto eyi-hybrid

Izimoto ezihlanganisiwe azigcini nje ngokuba nomthelela ekulondolozweni kwemvelo ngamakhono azo okushayela nge-eco-driving, kodwa futhi zinikeza iwaranti ephelele yengxenye ngayinye, okuzenza zibe ukukhetha okukhethekile kwezokuthutha.

Yize izimoto ezingama-hybrid zaziwa ngokuqina kwazo, azivikelekile ekulimaleni. Ake sibone ukuthi yimaphi amaphutha ayo amakhulu:

Isixhumi sesevisi

Isenzo sokufaka uphethiloli singabangela isixhumi ukuthi sishise kakhulu, okuholela ekuhlulekeni okungenzeka kwale ngxenye. Ukwehluleka kwalolu hlobo kunomthelela oqondile ekusebenzeni kwayo futhi kungabangela ngisho nokuvutha.

Ukuze ugweme lo mphumela ongathandeki, kunconywa ukuthi ngezikhathi ezithile ushintshe ingxenye ngesikhathi sokuhlolwa okujwayelekile noma uphawu lokuqala lokungasebenzi kahle. Ngokwenza kanjalo, uzokwazi ukuvimbela ngempumelelo ukuwohloka futhi ugweme ukuphazamiseka okungenzeka.

Izinkinga ngezintambo zikagesi

Uma izimoto eziyi-hybrid zidlula uphawu lwamakhilomitha angama-60.000, kungenzeka ukuthi ugesi ungasebenzi, okungase kubangele nokusha. Kodwa-ke, uma i-mileage ingafinyeleli kuleli phuzu elibucayi, futhi uma kucatshangelwa ukuthi le nkinga ivame kakhulu, izindleko nobunkimbinkimbi bokuyilungisa ziphansi kakhulu.

Uma ubona noma yikuphi ukungasebenzi kahle, udinga ukuyisa imoto yakho kuchwepheshe ngokushesha. Ukwehluleka ukwenza kanjalo kungaba nemiphumela elimazayo ebhethrini, edinga ukushintshwa okubizayo kwalo lonke uhlelo lukagesi.

Iphutha ku-gearbox ohambisana ne-inverter

Nakuba ukwenzeka kwaleli phutha mancane amathuba okuba, ayikwazi ukukhishwa ngokuphelele. Ngaphezu kwalokho, yisimo esesatshwa kakhulu. I-inverter gearbox ihlanganisa izingxenye ezimbili ezibalulekile zemoto. Lezi zingxenye ziyi-starter motor kanye ne-alternator.

Ukusebenza ngokuhlanganyela kwezingxenye ezintathu kubalulekile ukuze kukhiqizwe amandla. Uma enye yazo ingasebenzi kahle, Kungaba nomthelela oqondile ekusebenzeni jikelele nasekusebenzeni kwemoto.

Amathiphu okuvimbela ukuwohloka kwezimoto eziyingxubevange

izinjini ezihlanganisiwe

Ukuze ugweme ukungasebenzi kahle okungenzeka, kubalulekile ukwenza ukuhlolwa ngezikhathi ezithile. Ukwenza ukunakekelwa okuqinile kuyindlela ongaqinisekisa ngayo ukuthi into ngayinye yemoto isesimweni esihle.

Ukuqinisekisa ukusebenza kahle kwemoto yakho eyi-hybrid kuncike ekulandeleni leli thiphu lokugcina. Ukuyiqapha njalo nokuyigcina kuzovikela inqwaba yezinkinga ukuthi zingaveli.

Ukuqinisekisa ukuthi imoto yakho eyi-hybrid ihlala isesimweni esiphezulu, kunezici ezimbalwa ezibalulekile okufanele uzicabangele:

  • Ngokunamathela emikhawulweni ebekiwe ebhukwini lemoto, ungagwema ngempumelelo noma yimuphi umonakalo ongaba khona noma ukuphazamiseka okungenzeka. kuvela ngenxa yokungalishintshi ibhethri nokwenza ukunakekelwa kwebhethri ngezikhathi ezinconyiwe.
  • Ukulawulwa kwesistimu yokupholisa kubaluleke kakhulu, njengoba kuthinta ngokuqondile ukuthambekela kwemoto ekushiseni ngokweqile. Ukuyiqapha ngeso elibukhali, ngisho nalapho usebenzisa isipholile, kunciphisa kakhulu amathuba okuba izintambo zikagesi zingasebenzi kanye nebhethri.
  • Elinye iphuzu okufanele licatshangelwe, elihlobene nebhethri, ukubaluleka kokugcina indawo ehlanzekile phakathi kwe-radiator kanye ne-condenser yamanzi. Lo mkhuba usiza amazinga okushisa aphansi futhi uvimbele ukulimala okungenzeka.
  • Ukukhetha ukuqasha imoto eyi-hybrid kuyindlela enhle kakhulu kulabo abafuna ukushayela imoto yemvelo.

Ukuqasha izimoto ezixubile

Ngesistimu yokuqashisa, unenketho yokukhetha imoto evumelana ngokuphelele nezintandokazi zakho nesimo sezezimali. Ngezinkokhelo zanyanga zonke, uzokwazi ukujabulela izinzuzo zokushayela imoto eyingxube isikhathi esiyiminyaka emi-2 kuye kwemi-5. Ekupheleni kwalesi sikhathi senkontileka, ungenza isinqumo sokuthenga imoto noma ukuyishintsha ukuze uthole imodeli ehlukile.

Inani elikhulayo labantu abakhetha ukuqashiswa kwezimoto libangelwa ukukhethwa okubanzi kwezimoto zesimanje ezitholakalayo, kanye nokungabikho kwemali yokungena noma izinkokhelo eziphansi ezivame ukuhlotshaniswa nokuthenga noma ukuxhasa imoto.

Isici esinikeza amathiphu ngokuya ngokuya ngokuqasha ukufakwa kwezindleko zokulungisa nokulungisa ezinkokhelweni zanyanga zonke, okuyinzuzo ebalulekile.

Esimeni lapho imoto yakho eyi-hybrid ihlangabezana nokungasebenzi kahle, unendawo yokuxhumana nenkampani eqashisayo ukuze uthole isiqondiso mayelana nesikhungo esithile sokulungisa okufanele usivakashele, inqobo nje uma ukonakala kungabangelwanga ukusetshenziswa kabi kwemoto. Izindleko zokulungisa kanye nezingxenye ezisele sezifakiwe kakade phakathi nenkokhelo yakho yanyanga zonke, ngakho-ke ngeke kudingeke ukuthi wenze noma iyiphi inkokhelo eyengeziwe. Ngaphezu kwalokho, inani lakho lokuqasha lihlanganisa ukukhokhelwa komshwalense okuphelele ngaphandle kwanoma yikuphi okweqile, kanye nokubhaliswa, i-MOT kanye nazo zonke ezinye izindleko ezihlobene nemoto, ngaphandle kukaphethiloli, ama-tolls nezinhlawulo.

Ngiyethemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi ngezinkinga zezimoto ezihlanganisiwe nokuthi ungazixazulula kanjani.


Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.