Izinganekwane namaqiniso mayelana namandla avuselelekayo

amandla elanga kanye nezinganekwane

Amandla avuselelekayo aya ngokuya aziwa emhlabeni jikelele futhi lokhu kuholela ekudalweni kwezinganekwane ezihlukahlukene ezizungezile. Impela uke wezwa izinganekwane eziningi ngesikhathi esithile futhi yizo ezizama ukudicilela phansi lolu hlobo lwamandla amasha. I izinganekwane namaqiniso amandla avuselelekayo Ziwuhlelo losuku kunoma yimuphi umkhakha.

Ngakho-ke, sizokutshela ukuthi yiziphi izinganekwane eziyinhloko namaqiniso mayelana namandla avuselelekayo futhi sizocacisa ukungabaza okuncane ngale mithombo yamandla.

Izinganekwane namaqiniso mayelana namandla avuselelekayo

amandla omoya kanye nezinganekwane

Inganekwane: Ukukhiqizwa kwamandla avuselelekayo kuyabiza

Namuhla, ngenxa yentuthuko yezobuchwepheshe, ukukhiqiza amandla avela emithonjeni evuselelekayo efana nelanga nomoya sekunenzuzo enkulu kunokusebenzisa imithombo engavuseleleki njengamafutha kaphethiloli noma igesi. Ochwepheshe balinganisela ukuthi ukukhiqiza i-megawatt eyodwa yamandla avela kumandla elanga noma omoya Ngokuvamile kubiza cishe u-$70, kuyilapho ukukhiqiza inani elifanayo lamandla kumafutha kaphethiloli kungabiza kufika ku-$130.

Inganekwane: Amandla omoya avimbela ukusetshenziswa komhlaba ngezinhloso zezolimo

Kuwumbono oyiphutha ojwayelekile ukuthi ukufakwa kwamapulazi omoya kubangela ukulahleka komhlaba ngezinhloso zezolimo. Nokho lokhu akulona iqiniso ngokuphelele. Nakuba izinjini zomoya zidinga inani elithile lomhlaba ukuze zimiswe, inani lomhlaba empeleni "elilahlekile" lincane. Ukwengeza, ama-wind turbines angasetshenziswa ngokuhambisana nezinqubo zezolimo, okuvumela abalimi ukuthi baqhubeke nokusebenzisa indawo yezitshalo noma amadlelo. Ngakho-ke, kuyinganekwane ukuthi ukufakwa kwamapulazi omoya kuvimbela ukusetshenziswa komhlaba kwezolimo.

Iqiniso yileso sikhala umhlaba owumhlaba osetshenziswa kuphela ukukhiqiza amandla omoya ulinganiselwa ku-3%. Lokhu kusetshenziswa komhlaba okulinganiselwe akuvimbeli ukuthi kwenzeke imisebenzi yamandla omoya. Kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuthi inkampani ezibophezele ekulondolozeni imvelo kufanele ibeke phambili ukunakekelwa okuqhubekayo kwengqalasizinda yayo, okuhlanganisa nezinjini zomoya, ukuze kugwenywe amathuba okuchitheka kukawoyela noma ezinye izinto eziyingozi ezingase zilimaze imvelo.

Uma kuziwa emapaki e-photovoltaic, kuphephile ukusho ukuthi izinzuzo ezimbili zingatholakala. Ngenkathi umsebenzi usaqhubeka, umnikazi uthola imali yokuqasha, ngesikhathi esifanayo umhlaba ngokwawo unethuba lokuphumula futhi ugcwalise imisoco eminingi edingekayo ezolimo ezisezingeni eliphezulu. Kuyaphawuleka ukuthi la mapaki okuqoqa amandla elanga ngokuvamile asungulwa ezindaweni ezingagxiliwe kwezolimo noma imfuyo.

Izinganekwane: Ama-turbines omoya adala umonakalo omkhulu ezinyonini kanye nomsindo omkhulu

izinganekwane namaqiniso amandla avuselelekayo

Kunenganekwane esabalele yokuthi izinjini zomoya ezitholakala emapulazini omoya ziyingozi enkulu ezinhlobonhlobo zezinyoni futhi ziphinde zikhiphe umsindo ovala izindlebe.

Kuyiqiniso ukuthi okushiwoyo akulona iqiniso. Nakuba kuyiqiniso ukuthi ama-wind turbine blades angaba usongo ezinyonini namalulwane, ukuhlolwa komthelela wemvelo okuphelele kwenziwa kusengaphambili. Ngaphandle kwalokho, Ukutshalwa kwezimali okukhulu kwezinsiza kanye nobuchwepheshe ukuvimbela ukulimala kwalezi zinhlobo zezilwane. Ukuqapha okuqhubekayo kanye nokusetshenziswa kwezinsimbi ezikhanyayo nezisebenza nge-ultrasonic ukwesabisa izinyoni namalulwane nakho kusetshenziswa njengezinyathelo ezihlala njalo. Lezi zenzo zenziwa ngaphansi kokuqondisa nokusekelwa ochwepheshe abavela emikhakheni yebhayoloji ne-zootechnics.

Kubalulekile ukucacisa ukuthi izinjini zomoya Akuwona umthombo wemisindo ephezulu kakhulu. Lokhu kusho ukuthi imiphakathi engomakhelwane kanye nabagibeli emigwaqweni eseduze akufanele bahlangabezane nanoma yikuphi ukuphazamiseka emisindo ekhishwa yile mishini.

Inganekwane: amandla elanga nawomoya amandla avela ngezikhathi ezithile

Umbono oyiphutha ovamile ukuthi amandla omoya namandla elanga awathembeki ngoba ahamba ngezikhawu. Nokho, lokhu kuyinganekwane. Nakuba kuyiqiniso ukuthi ukukhiqizwa kwamandla omoya namandla elanga kungase kuthinteke izimo zesimo sezulu nezinye izici zangaphandle, Ubuchwepheshe besimanje buzuze intuthuko enkulu ekuthembekeni kwabo. Eqinisweni, amazwe amaningi manje athembele kakhulu emithonjeni yamandla avuselelekayo ukuze anike amandla amagridi awo, okubonisa ukwethembeka kwawo njengomthombo oqhubekayo kagesi.

Ukukhetha indawo yezitshalo kunqunywa yizici zemvelo, futhi amaphrojekthi avame ukuqala emhlabeni ocebile ngale mithombo yemvelo. Njengoba ubuchwepheshe buthuthuka ngesivinini esisheshayo, izimboni zamandla avuselelekayo maduzane zingase zibe nokufinyelela ezindleleni zokulondoloza, zinikeze eminye imithombo yokukhiqiza uma kwenzeka kucisha. Lokhu kuzoqinisekisa ukuthi zonke izitshalo ezivuselelekayo zinesistimu yokugcina ethembekile.

Inganekwane: Ukufakwa kwamandla avuselelekayo kungabangela umdlavuza

izinganekwane namaqiniso amandla aluhlaza avuselelekayo

Inganekwane evamile abantu abavame ukuyikholelwa ukuthi ama-solar panel, imibhoshongo yomoya kanye nezinjini zomoya ziyimbangela yezifo ezifana nomdlavuza phakathi kwabantu abahlala eduze kwamapulazi omoya noma ama-photovoltaic. Nokho, ubufakazi obunamandla bubonisile lokho akukho ukuhlobana phakathi kokuthuthukiswa kwalolu hlobo lwesifo kanye nokuba khona kwale mithombo yamandla avuselelekayo.

Ucwaningo luye lwabonisa ukuthi izingxenye ezisetshenziswa ekwakhiweni kokufakwa kwamandla omoya noma elanga azibangeli isifo, kuhlanganise nomdlavuza. Izinhlangano ezizimele nezikhethekile zenze izifundo eziningi ngokuhamba kwesikhathi futhi akukho ukuhlobana phakathi kwalobu buchwepheshe nezinkinga ezihlobene nempilo okuhlonziwe.

Inganekwane: kucatshangwa ukuthi kuthatha iminyaka eminingi ukwenza amandla elanga abe nenzuzo

Ezinkampanini lapho ukusetshenziswa kwenzeka ngesikhathi samahora ashisayo, ukubuyisela ekutshalweni kwezimali zokufakwa kwelanga kuzoba ngaphambili kakhulu. Singakucabangela eminyakeni engu-5 yokuqala, nakuba ekhaya kungase kuthathe isikhathi eside. Indawo efanele yamaphaneli kanye nendlela amandla asetshenziswa ngayo kuzoba yizici ezimbili ezibalulekile ezinquma ukusebenza kahle kwamaphaneli ngakho-ke inzuzo yokufakwa.

Ngethemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi mayelana nezinganekwane namaqiniso wamandla avuselelekayo.


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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.