Izici nezinhlobo zezindlu zemvelo

Izindlu eziluhlaza ziyikusasa

Ukusebenza kahle kwamandla namandla avuselelekayo ngokuya akhuthaza amakhaya ukuthi abe luhlaza futhi anakekele kakhulu imvelo. Izindlu zemvelo yilezo ukusetshenziswa kwamandla ayo kuncane futhi akwenzi nakancane umthelela emvelweni, kokubili ngokukhishwa kanye nodoti.

Kepha ukuze sikwazi ukwakha indlu yemvelo kufanele siqale sazi ukuthi iziphi izinto ezilungele yona nokuthi iziphi ezingalethi imithelela emvelweni, ekwakheni nasekusebenziseni kwazo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, kunezinhlobo eziningana zezindlu zemvelo ngokuya ngezindawo ezakhiwe kuzo, izinto ezisetshenzisiwe, ukusebenza ofuna ukuzinika, njll. Ngabe ufuna ukwazi kabanzi ngezindlu zemvelo?

Izici zezindlu zemvelo

Into yokuqala ngaphambi kokwazi izinhlobo nomehluko okhona ezindlini zemvelo, sizokwazi izici zazo nokuthi zisebenza kanjani. Indlu yemvelo yindawo yokuhlala lokho kusizakala ngemithombo yemvelo yelanga nomhlaba futhi lokho futhi kuyayihlonipha imvelo ngesikhathi sokwakhiwa kwayo futhi uma isiqediwe.

Ukuze ukwandise izinsizakusebenza kuze kube sezingeni eliphezulu ekwakhiweni kwayo nasesigabeni sayo sokusetshenziswa, ukwakhiwa kwezindlu zemvelo kufanele kube yinkimbinkimbi futhi kuhlangabezane nezidingo ezithile, ezinjengalezi:

Idizayini ye-Bioclimatic

Indlu enomklamo we-bioclimatic iyakwazi nokwenza izinsizakusebenza ezinikezwe imvelo ngokuya phezulu, njengamahora okukhanya kwelanga nokushisa okukhishwa umhlabathi ukushisa ikhaya futhi, ngakolunye uhlangothi, umoya uhambisa umoya futhi upholise indlu.

Ukwehlukanisa izindonga ekushintsheni okungazelelwe kokushisa ngaphandle, le miklamo ye-bioclimatic ibonakala ngokuqina okukhulu kakhulu kunokwejwayelekile. Ngale ndlela, akukho ukushisa kwangaphandle noma amakhaza akwazi ukungena ngaphakathi endlini futhi izinga lokushisa langaphakathi lingagcinwa lizinzile, ngaphandle kwesidingo somoya noma okokushisa.

Kakade iqiniso lokonga nge-insulation linikeza izinzuzo zamandla, ngoba sigwema Ukukhishwa kwegesi ebamba ukushisa emkhathini ngenxa yokusebenzisa ngokweqile amandla kagesi ukushisa noma ukupholisa ikhaya. Ngalesi sizihlukanisi sizobe sisiza ukulwa nokuguquka kwesimo sezulu.

Idizayini ye-Bioclimatic nayo inayo ukuma okufanele ukubamba imisebe yelanga eningi ngangokunokwenzeka. Ikakhulukazi umumo oseningizimu, imvamisa nguyena obona imisebe yelanga kakhulu. Ngaphezu kwalokho, lokhu kushisa kungagcinwa ngezinto ezine-inertia eshisayo, ekwazi ukugcina ukushisa emini bese ikukhipha ebusuku uma kubanda.

Ukwenza imisinga yomoya engenisa umoya nomoya endlini ingabekwa amagceke angaphakathi ukuze umoya ungeniswe kuwo wonke amakamelo endlu.

Ukuhlonipha indawo ezungezile

Esinye isici esigcwaliswa izindlu zemvelo ukuthi izinto zazo zihlonipha imvelo. Okungukuthi, izinto ezakhiwe ngazo kungokwemvelo, kuyaphinde kusetshenziswe noma kusetshenziswe kabusha futhi kunendawo encane yemvelo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, sizama ukusebenzisa izinto ezidinga amandla amancane, ekukhiqizweni nasekuthuthweni kwazo.

Okungeziwe esikufaka kulezi zinto ukuthi azihloniphi nje kuphela imvelo, kodwa futhi nempilo nenhlalakahle yabantu. Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi izinto ezakhiwa ngazo izindlu zemvelo aqukethe amakhemikhali noma ubuthi lokho kungathinta impilo yethu futhi kungashintshi amandla kazibuthe angaphakathi kwendlu, okusiza ukufezekisa indawo enhle ngaphakathi.

Izinto ze-Hygroscopic, ngokwesibonelo, zilawula umswakama ngokwemvelo, ngakho-ke ulwelwesi lwamafinyila nokuphefumula kwethu ngeke kuthinteke umswakama ophakeme kakhulu noma ophansi kakhulu.

Izinhlobo zezindlu zemvelo

Ngokuya ngezinto ezakhiwe ngazo izindlu zemvelo kunezinhlobo ezahlukahlukene. Into ebalulekile okufanele uyikhumbule ukuthi indlu idinga izinhlobo eziningi zezinto zokwakha futhi kunzima kakhulu ukuthi zonke zihlangane ukuhlangabezana nezimpawu ezichazwe ngenhla.

Isibonelo, izindlu zezinkuni nezitini Bangakwazi ukuhlangabezana nezici eziqanjwe ngamagama kuye ngokuthi ukwakhiwa kwabo kuyahlonipha yini imvelo nabantu abahlala kuyo. Kodwa-ke, izindlu zikakhonkolo azihlangabezani nenqubo yemvelo kanye nempilo enempilo, ngoba ukhonkolo ngokwawo uqukethe izinto ezinobuthi ekubunjweni kwawo okungezona ezemvelo noma ezinempilo. Kepha ungenza ukuhlaziywa kwalezi zindlu ukubona ukuthi indlu ingaba luhlaza kanjani.

Izindlu zamapulangwe zemvelo

Kunezinhlobo eziningana zezindlu zemvelo

I-Wood ingumbhalo wemvelo ngokugqwesa, okuguquguqukayo futhi okuletha imfudumalo eminingi ekhaya lethu. Inzuzo enkulu enayo ukhuni ukuthi inomthamo we-hygroscopic futhi isiza ukugcina umswakama endlini usesimweni esihle. Kumele sicabangele ukuthi uma izinkuni iphathwa nge-varnish, ama-pores azobe evimbekile futhi ngeke akwazi ukwenza umsebenzi wawo we-hygroscopic.

Enye inzuzo izinkuni eziyinikeza indlu yemvelo amandla ayo amahle okuvikela. Ukuvikela ikhaya, kokubili emakhazeni nasekushiseni, izinkuni zingasivikela emazingeni okushisa angaphandle. Kukodwa kuyisivikelo esihle, kepha uma sihlanganiswa nokunye okusizayo ukuvikela kakhulu, ukusebenza kahle kwaso kuzoba kukhulu.

Imfudumalo kuyisici sangaphakathi sokhuni. Lokho kusho ukuthi, yize imfudumalo elethwa ukhuni endlini ingenakulinganiswa ngezinombolo, kuyiqiniso ukuthi iphansi eligandayiwe ngokhuni lithambile futhi lenza izinyathelo zethu, ukuthungwa kwezindonga, futhi kunikeze umuzwa wokuba ngaphezulu entofontofo. ngokubuyayo kuyinto ephilayo.

Ukwesaba okujwayelekile kwezindlu zamapulangwe nguye onemililoKodwa-ke, imithethonqubo yezindlu ezenziwe ngokhuni iqine kakhulu uma kukhulunywa ngokubeka ugesi ezindaweni ezibucayi kakhulu ezingavutha umlilo. Imililo yasendlini namuhla ivame ukubangelwa izimbangela zokunganaki ezifana nezitofu ezingavikelekile ezivame ukubasa osofa, okhaphethi noma amakhethini kuqala. Kepha le mililo ingenzeka ezindlini zanoma yiluphi uhlobo.

Kunoma ikuphi, lapho kwenzeka umlilo othinta isakhiwo sokhuni lwekhaya, okusha kuqala ungqimba lwangaphandle lwokhuni futhi lokhu kufakwa ngekhabhoni.

Lolu ungqimba olufanayo, oseluvele lushisiwe, lusebenza njengesivikelo sokuqala esivimbela ezinye izinkuni ukuthi zingashi ngokushesha.

Izindlu zezitini ezinobungani

Izindlu zezitini zemvelo zingokwesibili ezakhiwe kakhulu, ngoba kuyindlela esetshenziswa kakhulu emlandweni, ngemuva kwezinkuni.

Ngaphambi kokuqala ukubachaza, kufanele sikunake lokho kunezinkulungwane zezinhlobo zezitini, ngakho-ke ngamunye uzoba nezici ezihlukile. Kodwa-ke, ukwenza okujwayelekile, sisho ukuthi isitini esihle kunazo zonke esifanele ukwakhiwa kwezindlu zemvelo yilezo ezakhiwe ngobumba olungavuthiwe, ngoba inani eliningi lamandla liyadingeka ekuqhumeni, okusho umthelela omkhulu emvelweni.

Izitini azinikezi izinzuzo noma izinzuzo ezifanayo nezinkuni, ngoba iningi labo liyadingeka ukusebenzisa insulator yokushisa. Ngaphezu kwalokho, amakhona endlu athambekele ekuhluphekeni ekuqobekeni futhi ngenxa yalokho awalawuli ukushisa kwangaphandle kahle.

Endabeni yemililo, isitini siphendula kangcono kakhulu, ngoba asishisi futhi asisabalalisi umlilo. Ukwakhiwa kwezitini ngokuvamile kudinga, ezimweni eziningi, ubukhulu obukhulu bezindonga zangaphakathi nezangaphakathi kunangezinhlelo ezilula zokhuni. Ngenxa yalokhu, indawo esebenzisekayo yendlu yethu ingaba ncane ngandlela thile kunezinye izimo.

Kumaphoyinti okuhlangana phakathi kwezitini, sebenzisa izinto zokuthi ziphephile empilweni yethu futhi lokho kunomthelela omncane emvelweni.

Ezinye izinhlobo zokwakhiwa kwezitini yilezi:

  • Izindonga zezitini ezinamabala
  • Udonga lwamatshe wemvelo
  • Ukwakhiwa ngodaka

Izindlu zikakhonkolo zemvelo

Lolu wuhlobo lokugcina lendlu eluhlaza esizolubona. Ukhonkolo yinto yokwenziwa yamatshe eyenziwe ngosimende, okuhlanganisiwe, amanzi futhi, ezimweni eziningi, izithasiselo zokuguqula ezinye zezici zayo. Lokhu kwenza ukwakhiwa akuyona imvelo ngokuphelele, ngoba ayihlangabezani nezidingo zokwakhiwa okusimeme ngaphandle kwemithelela emvelweni.

Uma kuqhathaniswa nezitini nokhuni, ukhonkolo ayinakho umthamo omuhle wokushisa noma i-hygroscopic, ngakho-ke awawalawuli amazinga okushisa nomswakama wangaphakathi kahle. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ine-footprint ethile emikhulu, ngoba idinga inani elikhulu lamandla ekukhiqizeni kwayo.

Insimbi ingenye yezinto okumele sizigweme kunoma yiziphi izinhlobo zezindlu zemvelo, ngoba akuyona imvelo neze futhi ayithandi imvelo enempilo ngaphakathi kwendlu ngokuguqula amandla kazibuthe emvelo emvelo.

Ngoba ukhonkolo yinto esetshenziswa kabanzi emhlabeni wonke, kwenza kube impahla eshibhile futhi engabizi kakhulu kuzo zonke izabelomali.

ingaphakathi lendlu elisuselwa ekwakhiweni kwe-bio
I-athikili ehlobene:
Ukwakhiwa kwe-Bio, ukwakhiwa kwemvelo, okunempilo nokusebenza kahle

Ziyini izinzuzo zendlu yemvelo?

Izindlu eziluhlaza zihlonipha imvelo

Isithombe - Wikimedia / Lamiot

Ubuhle bendlu yezemvelo bususelwa ekwenzeni ngcono ukusebenza kahle kanye nokwehliswa komthelela wezemvelo kanye nendawo yemvelo. Ikhaya ngalinye lakhiwe ngendlela ethile ngakho-ke lizoba nezici eziningi ezihlukile komunye nomunye. Kodwa-ke, izidingo eziyinhloko okufanele bahlangabezane nazo ukuqinisekisa ukuthi bonke banemisebenzi efanayo yilezi ezilandelayo:

  • Ukwakhiwa kwe-Bioclimatic: Kususelwa ekusetshenzisweni kwezinto zokwakha ezisimeme nezinto zokwenziwa kabusha. Ngale ndlela, ukuncishiswa kokusetshenziswa kwezinto zokusetshenziswa kanye nomthelela wezemvelo odalwe ukwakhiwa nokusetshenziswa kwezinto ezisetshenzisiwe kuzotholakala.
  • Ukujwayeza: indlu kumele iqondiswe ekusebenziseni kahle imithombo yamandla.
  • Ukuvikelwa kwelanga: Njengokuma kokuzama ukusebenzisa izinsiza zamandla, kufanele futhi ufune ukuvikeleka emisebeni yelanga.
  • Sebenzisa umphumela wokushisa okushisa kakhulu: Kumele kucatshangwe ukuthi ukunciphisa ukusetshenziswa kwamandla kagesi, izinga lokushisa kwekhaya kufanele lisetshenziselwe ukufudumeza. Ngale ndlela, umphumela wokushisa ubushushu wemvelo usetshenzisiwe ukufezekisa izinga lokushisa elifanele.
  • Ukubekwa uphawu kanye ukwahlukanisa: ukubekwa uphawu nokufakwa emgodini kubalulekile ukulawula ukushisa kwangaphakathi. Ngenxa yokufakwa kahle nokufakwa uphawu, singanciphisa ukusetshenziswa kwamandla kagesi ekhaya. Isibonelo, ehlobo ukusetshenziswa kwamandla we-air conditioning kungancipha.
  • I-inertia eshisayo: ihlobene neyedlule. Kuyisihluthulelo ukubheka izinto ezingaba namandla okushisa. Lezi yizinto ezingadlulisa amandla kangcono ukusebenzisa amandla kagesi amancane.

Inhloso enkulu yemisebenzi yendlu eluhlaza ukunciphisa ukwehla kwekhabhoni nokwandisa imithombo yemvelo kangcono kakhulu.

Ngokuphetha, kungashiwo ukuthi izindlu zemvelo ezisebenza kahle kakhulu yilezo ezakhiwe ngokhuni. Ngalolu lwazi ungazi okuthile okwengeziwe ngezindlu zemvelo nezici zazo.


Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   UVictor R Castañeda R kusho

    Lokhu kungikhuthaza kakhulu ukuthi ngiqhubeke nokucwaninga ngezindlu eziluhlaza. Ngiyabonga, uNkulunkulu akubusise.