isihlungi se-HEPA esenziwe ekhaya

hlanza umoya

Ukuba nomoya ohlanzekile ezindaweni ezivaliwe ekhaya lakho, emsebenzini futhi ngokuvamile kubalulekile empilweni yethu. Nakuba singenakuzibona, kunezinhlayiya eziningi ezilenga emoyeni ezingabangela ukungezwani komzimba nezinto ezithile nokugula. Ngakho-ke lesi sifundo sizokukhombisa isinyathelo ngesinyathelo ukuthi ungakha kanjani ngokushesha futhi kalula isihlanzi somoya sasekhaya ngaso isihlungi se-hepa esenziwe ekhaya.

Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela ukuthi ungakha kanjani isihlungi se-HEPA esenziwe ekhaya nokuthi luyini usizo lwaso.

ukungcoliswa komoya ekhaya

isicwengi se-hepa esenziwe ekhaya

Sivame ukukuthatha kalula ukuthi umoya osekhaya noma emsebenzini wethu ungcole kakhulu kunomoya ongaphandle. Nokho, ngaphandle kwalokhu kungcola kusakazeka kakhulu, futhi ezindaweni ezivaliwe sichayeka ekugxiliseni okuphezulu kwezinhlanganisela ezinobuthi ezifana nalezi:

  • Ukungcola Kwemvelo Okuqhubekayo (POPs)
  • I-Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)
  • I-Bisphenol A (BPA)
  • Ama-Perfluorinated Compounds (PFC)
  • Izibungu, izibungu, amagciwane, amagciwane, njll.

Izihlanzi zomoya zasekhaya zinhle kakhulu ekulweni nokungcoliswa komoya kanye nokuthuthukisa ikhwalithi yomoya wena nomndeni wakho eniwuphefumulayo nsuku zonke.

Siyini isihlungi se-HEPA sasekhaya

isihlungi se-hepa esenziwe ekhaya

Isihlungi se-HEPA iwuhlelo lokugcinwa kwezinhlayiya eziguquguqukayo ezikhona emoyeni, Ngokuvamile yenziwe nge-fiberglass. Le micu ehlelwe ngokungahleliwe mihle kangangokuthi yenza inethiwekhi egcina izinhlanganisela ezingcolisayo.

I-HEPA imele “High Efficiency Particle Arrester”, okusho ukuthi “High Efficiency Particle Arrester” ngeSpanishi, futhi zibizwa nangokuthi izihlungi eziphelele. Zakhiwe yi-Cambridge Filter Company ngo-1950 ukuze zisetshenziswe embonini yezempi ikakhulukazi ukulwa nokungcola okudalwe ngenkathi kwenziwa ibhomu le-athomu.

Okwamanje izihlungi ze-HEPA zisetshenziswa kuzo zonke izinkambu: imboni yokudla, izinto zikagesi, ezemithi, amakhemikhali, kwezokwelapha egunjini lokuhlinza, ukuqabuleka komoya endizeni ngisho nasekhaya. Ngokuvamile, noma kuphi lapho kudingeka khona ukuhlanzeka komoya okuphezulu.

Nakuba imicu iphakathi kwama-microns angu-0,5 no-2 ububanzi, amameshi ahlelwe ngokungahleliwe agcina izinhlayiya ezincane ngezindlela ezintathu: Lapho umoya othwele izinhlayiya udlula kuzo, izinhlayiya zinamathela kunezikhala njengoba zigudla imicu. Izinhlayiya ezinkulu zingqubuzana ngqo nemicu. Ekugcineni, ukusabalalisa, okuhlobene nokunyakaza okungahleliwe kwezinhlayiya oketshezini, kunomthelela ekunamatheleni kwazo.

Indlela yokwenza isihlungi se-HEPA esenziwe ekhaya

umshini wokuhlanza umoya

Izihlanzi zomoya zasekhaya noma imishini evuselelwe ingahlunga umoya njengaleyo etholakala esitolo sezinto zikagesi, kodwa ishibhile. Izinto ezidingekayo ekwakhiweni kwayo yilezi ezilandelayo:

  • Ungasebenzisa ifeni yokukhipha umoya yokugezela noma esetshenziselwa ukufaka umoya emakamelweni avaliwe.
  • Isihlungi se-HEPA 13. Angathengwa njengezingxenye ezisele zemishini yokuhlanza umoya nemishini yomoya.
  • Ibhokisi lekhadibhodi elinesivalo. Kunconywa ukusebenzisa amakhadibhodi ukwenza isihlanzi sihlale isikhathi eside.
  • Amateyipu aseMelika.
  • Imimese kanye/noma izikele.
  • Xhuma ngekhebula kanye ne-insulating tape.

Izihlungi eziningi ze-HEPA Zenziwe ngamashidi aqhubekayo enhlanganisela ye-fiberglass ehlanganisiwe. Izinto ezibaluleke kakhulu okufanele zicatshangelwe kulolu hlobo lwesihlungi ububanzi bemicu, ukushuba kwesisefo kanye nesivinini sezinhlayiya. Ngaphezu kwalokho, isihlungi sinesilinganiso (isilinganiso se-MERV) esisuselwe ekhonweni laso lokuthwebula izinhlayiya zosayizi othile:

  • 17-20: ngaphansi kwama-microns angu-0,3
  • 13-16: 0,3 kuya ku-1 micron
  • 9-12: 1 kuya ku-3 microns
  • 5-8: 3 kuya ku-10 microns
  • 1-4: Ngaphezu kwama-microns ayi-10

Ngalesi sizathu, isihlungi se-HEPA 13 noma isihlungi sothuli seSigaba H sithatha u-99,995% wezinhlayiya ezinkulu kuno-0,3 microns eziyingozi empilweni. Ngakho-ke, afaneleka kakhulu ukuhlunga izinhlamvu zesikhunta, izibungu zothuli, impova, uthuli lwe-carcinogenic, ama-aerosols, namagciwane afana namagciwane namagciwane.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, ukusebenza kwayo kufaka phakathi ukuthunjwa kwezinhlayiya eziyingozi ngokusebenzisa:

  • Ukunqamula ukugeleza komoya: izinhlayiya zigudla ngokumelene futhi zinamathele emicu yesihlungi.
  • Ukushaya okuqondile: Izinhlayiya ezinkulu ziyashayisana futhi zibambeke. Lapho sincane isikhala phakathi kwemicu nesivinini somoya, umphumela uba mkhulu.
  • Ukusabalalisa: Izinhlayiya ezincane zingqubuzana namanye ama-molecule, ziwavimbele ukuthi angadluli kusihlungi. Ngokuvamile kwenzeka lapho ukugeleza komoya kuhamba kancane.

Indlela yokukhetha i-fan exhaust

I-extractor fan ibalulekile ekamelweni elingangenisi umoya futhi iyingxenye ebalulekile yesihlanzi somoya. Lapho ukhetha, izici ezilandelayo kufanele zicatshangelwe:

  • Ukugeleza komoya kufanele kuqinisekise ukungena komoya owanele kanye nokukhipha. Ngokuvamile, lokhu kufanele kube izikhathi eziyisi-6 kuye kweziyi-10 ingqikithi yevolumu yegumbi ngehora, nakuba 4 kuya ku-5 kutuswa emakilasini nasemitatsheni yezincwadi, 6 kuya ku-10 emahhovisi nasezindlini ezingaphansi, nezingu-10 ezindlini zangasese nasemakhishini. 15 Ukuze ubale isikhiya, kufanele uphindaphinde i-m3 yegumbi (ubude x ubude x ububanzi) ngenani lokuvuselela okudingekayo ngehora. Isibonelo, igumbi le-12 m2 nokuphakama kwe-2,5 m (30 m3) kudinga izinga lokugeleza lika-120 kuya ku-150 m3 / h, kuyilapho ihhovisi le-cubic meter efanayo lidinga izinga lokugeleza lika-180 kuya ku-300 m3 / h.
  • Amandla okukhipha ngokuvamile aphakathi kuka-8 no-35 W, futhi ukukhetha kwakho kuzoncika ekamelweni lapho izobekwa khona. Ekhishini, isibonelo, amandla engeziwe ayadingeka ngenxa yentuthu ekhiqizwa lapho kulungiswa ukudla.
  • Amazinga omsindo akufanele adlule ama-decibel angu-40 ukuze angacasuli, kodwa khumbula ukuthi lapho amandla ephakama, umsindo uzokhiqizwa.

Amathiphu ekhwalithi yomoya enhle

Ngaphezu kokwakha i-air purifier yakho, kunconywa ukuthi ulandele uchungechunge lwamathiphu azosiza ukuthuthukisa ikhwalithi yomoya kunoma yiliphi igumbi:

  • Vula amafasitela njalo ukuze kungene umoya. Uma kungenamafasitela, kufanele kube khona umoya wokungena ngomshini.
  • Khulisa izitshalo zasendlini ezisiza ukuhlanza nokuthuthukisa ikhwalithi yomoya.
  • Isusa umswakama owedlulele ukuvimbela ukunqwabelana kwesikhutha, ikakhulukazi ezindaweni ezifana nezindlu zangasese.
  • Ivimbela ukunqwabelana kothuli nokuhlanza amakhemikhali, ukukhetha imikhiqizo eminingi yemvelo efana noviniga nesoda yokubhaka.

Ngithemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi mayelana nendlela yokwenza isihlungi se-HEPA esenziwe ekhaya.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.