Ipulazi lomoya lokuqala elintantayo selivele liyaqhubeka eNorth Sea

Isiphephetha saseScotland

Ngaso sonke isikhathi lapho sinamathuba okusondela nangaphezulu okufaka amandla amandla ezinsalela ngezinokuvuseleleka. Lokhu kukhonjiswa amazwe asenyakatho neYurophu, hhayi ukukhulisa izinsimbi zikawoyela njengoba baqala ngeminyaka yama-70s, kepha ukusebenzisa ngokugcwele amandla amandla omoya.

Lokhu kunjalo ngeHywind Scotland, ipulazi lomoya elintanta olwandle lokuqala emhlabeni, elakhiwa yinkampani kawoyela yomphakathi waseNorway iStatoil ngokubambisana nenkampani amandla avuselelekayo kusuka e-United Arab Emirates Masdar. Okwathi, ezinsukwini ezimbalwa ezedlule, kwaqala ukusebenza emanzini oLwandle lwaseNyakatho, eBuchan Deep, amakhilomitha angama-25 ukusuka edolobheni laseScotland iPeterhead.

Ipulazi lomoya elintantayo

Inkinga ngamandla omoya aphesheya kwezilwandle inselele ukujula kolwandle. Ngokusho kuka-opharetha uStatoil, kufika ku-80% wezindawo ezingaba nomoya ezingasolwandle ezisemanzini zijule ngaphezu kwamamitha angama-60. Ama-turbine ahleliwe agcwalisa i- amapulazi ajwayelekile asolwandle Zilungele kuphela ukujula okungadluli kumamitha angama-50, kepha epulazini lomoya elintantayo, lezi zakhiwo zikhuthaza ukutholwa kwamandla ezindaweni ezinokujula okungaphezu kwamamitha angama-500. Ama-turbine amahlanu afakwe kuphrojekthi yokuqala enophawu lweHywind angamamitha angama-253 ukuphakama, angama-78 awo angaphansi kobuso.

Ipulazi lomoya elintantayo

Ngokusho kwezikhulu ezimbalwa zakwaStatoil, “Ukwakhiwa nokuthuthukiswa kwephrojekthi, eyaqala eminyakeni eyishumi nanhlanu edlule, sekwenziwe ngokuphelele njengoba bekuhleliwe. Umqondo we IHywind eScotland Kususelwa ekubonisweni kwethenjini elintantayo lomshayeli esalifaka ngo-2009 emaphethelweni eKarmøy entshonalanga yeNorway. Sisebenzise ulwazi lolo phrojekthi, siguqule isikali sikaphethiloli wokuqala sisuke kumamegawathi ama-2,3 siye kuma-6 MW, okuthinte usayizi ophelele ”.

Iphrojekthi

El iphrojekthi kukodwa, idlule ama-euro ayizigidi ezingama-230, ihlanganisa indawo engamakhilomitha-skwele ayi-15. Ukuthola umbono we ubukhulu bemibhoshongoKwanele ukwazi ukuthi ngaphakathi kwama-gondola, ingxenye ebhekele ukusekela imishini ye-turbine futhi ijikeleze ukulandela ukuqondisa komoya, ilingana amabhasi amabili i-decker ephindwe kabili AbaseLondon, nokuthi ama-rotor blades, izingalo ezijwayelekile ezikhonjisiwe, ezingamamitha angama-75 ubude namathani angama-25 isisindo, cishe zinamaphiko e-Airbus 380.

imishini yomoya yasolwandle

Inselelo enkulu yokwakha kube ukuhlanganisa imishini yomoya, ngayinye enesisindo samathani ayi-12.000. Ukuhlangana kwemishini emihlanu yokuphehla ugesi, okwenziwe eNorway kuleli hlobo, bekudingeka ukuthi kuphendukele kwelinye lama-cranes ama-marinas amakhulu kunawo wonke emhlabeni, the I-Saipem 7000, bathunywa ukuba badonsele lapho beya khona ekugcineni ogwini lwasePeterhead.

Imishini yomoya emikhulu

Ngenxa yobukhulu bayo obukhulu, ukumisa kube enye inselelo. Ukumisa imibhoshongo, kwasetshenziswa amasonto amabili okudonsa amahhashi (amathathu ngeturbine ngayinye), amamitha ayi-16 ubude futhi enesisindo Amathani angama-300, ixhunywe kuma-turbine omoya ngamaketanga wokubopha amamitha ayi-2.400 ubude namathani ayi-1.200 ngesisindo.

Ukwakhiwa kwezingxenye zomoya ophephela

Leli pulazi lomoya elintantayo linamandla angama-300 MW, okuzokwenza ukuthi likwazi ukuphakela amandla emakhaya angama-20.000 XNUMX.

Izinhloso zesikhathi esizayo

Inhloso yabahlinzeki bokufaka, abahlela ukufinyelela kuma-500 noma i-1000 MW kumaphrojekthi azayo, ukwenza amandla amandla omoya anciphise izindleko. “Ngo-2030 singathanda ukuthi izindleko zamandla epulazi lomoya ezintantayo laseHywind zehliswe zibe ngama-40-60 euros / megawatt hour. Amandla omoya antanta olwandle kulindeleke ukuthi enze indima ebalulekile ekukhuleni komoya olwandle ngokuzayo ”, kumenyezelwe ngabezindaba u-Irene Rummelhoff, iphini likamongameli omkhulu wendawo yezentengiso yeNew Energy Solutions eStatoil, okuyinkampani ebamba iqhaza ku-50% wepulazi lomoya lase-Arkona eliseJalimane, elizoqala esebenza ku-2019, naku-40% wokwakhiwa kwesikhathi esizayo kokufakwa kwelanga kwe-162MW Apodi eBrazil.

UNgqongqoshe Wezamandla waseScotland uNicola Sturgeon ugubha nohulumeni ukuvulwa kwepulazi lomoya elintantayo elisha, elizobenza bakwazi “ukuhola umjaho womhlaba ukuthuthukisa isizukulwane esilandelayo sobuchwepheshe bomoya basolwandle ”.

Ukuphikisa

Yize kunjalo, iHywind Scotland ithole i- ukuphikiswa weqoqo lezemvelo i-Bird Charity RSPB Scotland, elimelene nokuqaliswa kwamapulazi omoya asezingeni eliphakeme lokuhweba emanzini asempumalanga IScotland ezisongela, ngokusho kwale nhlangano, izindawo zokuvikela impilo yezinhlobo ezahlukahlukene zezinyoni zasolwandle.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.