Ngabe ingcebo eyenziwe ngokuvuselelwa ibalulekile ngaphakathi kwe-GDP eSpain?

Indali evuselelekayo

Ngenhlanhla, ngonyaka odlule, nangonyaka wesibili olandelanayo, amandla aluhlaza andise umnikelo wawo emnothweni wezwe futhi bashibhile ikakhulukazi amanani entengo emakethe kagesi.

Ngeshwa, futhi njengoba kuphawuliwe kuleli khasi le-web, i- ukubhujiswa wokuqashwa kulo mkhakha, ubanga imisebenzi engaphezu kuka-2.700 XNUMX.

Ukuqashwa eSpain

Ngobuchwepheshe, lokho okwadala ukuqashwa okuphelele kakhulu ngo-2016 kwakuwumoya (535), i-solar photovoltaic (182), i-solar thermoelectric (76), i-enthalpy geothermal ephansi (19), ulwandle (17) namandla amancane omoya (15) (ishumi nanhlanu). Kodwa-ke, iningi lemisebenzi emkhakheni igxile ku- isizukulwane amandla we-biomass. Ilandelwa ngumoya, ine-17.100, ne-solar photovoltaic, ne-9.900, ngokusho kwedatha enikezwe ngu-Irena (International Renewable Energy Agency).

Emhlabeni wonke, i-solar photovoltaic iyona leyo usekhanda, ngokuqasha abantu abayizigidi ezingama-2,8, okusho ukuthi yi-11% yawo wonke umsebenzi owenziwe ngokuvuselelwa. Ilandelwa ukufakwa komoya, ngemisebenzi eyi-1,1 million.

Umsebenzi ovuselelekayo

U-Irena uzibekele umgomo wokuhambisana nezinqubomgomo zokuguquguquka kwesimo sezulu okuthi ngo-2030 ukuqaliswa kokuvuselelwa emhlabeni kuzophinda kabili. Lokho kungathi, ngokubala kwakhe, kwenze abantu abayizigidi ezingama-24 kungaqashwa kulo mkhakha ngaleso sikhathi.

Ngokusho kuka-Irena, osebenzisa i-Association of Renewable Energy Companies (APPA) njengomthombo, lo mkhakha uqhamuka ukubhubhisa ukuqashwa kusukela ngonyaka ka-2008, lapho izinto ezivuselelekayo zaziqasha abantu ababalelwa ku-150000, ngalowo nyaka isibalo esiphezulu sabhalwa ezweni lethu.

ukuthuthukiswa kokuvuselelwa kabusha

U-Irena usola lesi simo "ngezinqubomgomo ezimbi ku umkhakha kagesi«, Okubangela ukuthi inani labasebenzi emoyeni, elangeni nakwezinto eziphilayo liqhubeke nokwehla.

I-GDP eSpain

Ngemuva kweminyaka yokwehla, kubonakala sengathi imithombo yamandla avuselelekayo iqala ukukhuphuka kancane kancane, isisindo sayo emnothweni wezwe lethu. Ngokuya nge-Study of the Macroeconomic Impact of Renewable Energy eSpain elungiselelwa minyaka yonke yi-Association of Renewable Energy Companies (APPA), ngonyaka ka-2016 lo mkhakha unikele ngama-euro ayizigidi eziyi-8.511 ku-GDP, ebimele u-0,76% wengqikithi nokukhuphuka kuka-3,3 % kuqhathaniswa nonyaka odlule.

Inselele yamandla avuselelekayo

Ngobuchwepheshe, obanikela kakhulu kwakuyi-photovoltaic solar (32,37%), kwalandela umoya (22,38%) ne-thermoelectric solar (16,45%). Ngaphezu kwalokho, ingeze izigidi eziyi-1.000 XNUMX ku intela inetha kanye nebhalansi yokuthumela ngaphandle yesinye izigidi ezingama-2.793 kwaqoshwa.

Izizathu zalokhu kukhula kumele zitholakale ekwandeni komsebenzi kule mboni, obekubangelwa ikakhulu yi indali yomoya (500 MW) ne-biomass (200 MW) kanye nokumenyezelwa kwamabhidi amasha asevele enziwe ngonyaka wezi-2017 nomphumela wawo, ngokuqiniseka konke, kuzobonakala embikweni wangonyaka ozayo.

Yize kunale datha enhle (ekude kakhulu nomnikelo werekhodi kwi-GDP ngo-2012 -10.641 wezigidi, u-1% wengqikithi-), inhlangano ibifuna ukugqamisa ukukhubazeka ukuthi amandla avuselelekayo ahlala eSpain, ngoba kuwo wonke unyaka we-2016 kungezwe ama-43 MW kuphela wamandla amasha afakiwe, isibalo esincane uma siqhathanisa namanye amazwe ngesikhathi esifanayo.

Ukonga okuluhlaza emakethe kagesi

Ngaphandle komthelela wabo ezingeni le-macroeconomic, imithombo ehlanzekile iphinde ibe nomthelela ekusaseni lemakethe kagesi ezweni lethu ngo-2016. Ngenxa yabo, intengo yehora ngalinye le-megawatt (MWh) ethengiwe yehle ngama-euro angu-21,5, okuthi ekugcineni wama ku-39,67. Ngokwalolu cwaningo, ngaphandle komoya, amandla elanga noma ugesi ophehlwa ngamanzi, i-MWh ngayinye ibizobiza ama-euro ayi-61,17, ngakho-ke ukuba khona kwabo kule ngxube kukhombise ukonga okuphelele kwezigidi ezingama-5.370 unyaka wonke. Isibalo esingaphezu kwesibalulekile

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, ukuvuselelwa kuvimbele ukungeniswa kwamathani angaba ngu-20.000 5.989 kawoyela, okuvimbele ukukhishwa kwamanye ama-euro ayizigidi ezingama-52,2, futhi kwavimbela izigidi ezingama-XNUMX amathani we-CO2 kungcolisa umoya wethu, nakho okwaholela ekusindisweni kwezigidi ezingama-279 kumalungelo okuphuma.

Silindele ukuthi ngezindali ezinkulu ezi-3 zokugcina kuhulumeni, isisindo sokuvuselelwa ku-GDP sizokhula, futhi kakhulu phakathi neminyaka emi-2 noma emithathu ezayo.

 


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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.