Indlela yokutshala utamatisi: amathiphu amahle kakhulu

utamatisi ekhaya

Esinye sezilimo esaziwa kakhulu nesijwayele ukuvama ezivandeni zasemadolobheni utamatisi. Kunezici eziningi okufanele sizicabangele lapho sifuna ukuhlakulela ekucabangeni. Kusukela ekubeni sikhethe uhlobo lukatamatisi esizowutshala, ukuya ezimeni nasekunakekeleni okudingayo.

Ngakho-ke, kulesi sihloko sizokutshela ezinye zazo amathiphu angcono kakhulu okukhulisa utamatisi.

Izinhlobo zikatamatisi zokutshala

utamatisi eziphilayo

Lapho unquma ukuthi yiluphi uhlobo lukatamatisi ongalukhetha, kufanele ucabangele ububanzi bezinketho ezitholakalayo. Lapho uqala indlela yokutshala utamatisi, Isinqumo sokuqala esibhekene naso wukukhetha uhlobo oluthile esifuna ukulukhulisa. Nakuba okuthandwayo komuntu siqu kunendima ebalulekile kulokhu kukhetha, kubalulekile ukucabangela izici ezimbalwa ezingathinta umphumela wesivuno sethu.

Unenketho yokukhetha utamatisi we-determinate noma ongapheli. Ukwazi ukuhlukaniswa kwezinhlobonhlobo zikatamatisi esihlela ukutshala kunenzuzo enkulu, ngoba ihlukaniswe yaba izigaba ezimbili ezihlukene ezinezici ezihlukile. Lezi zigaba utamatisi onqunyiwe futhi onganqunyelwe.

Ukulwa nezinambuzane nezifo, Kunconywa ukukhetha izinhlobo zezitshalo ezinokumelana nemvelo. Imvamisa, izinhlobo ze-heirloom ezikhule esifundeni izizukulwane ngezizukulwane sezivele zijwayele isimo sezulu sendawo futhi zathuthukisa ukuzivikela ezinambuzaneni ezivamile. Ukuze uthole ukuthi yiziphi izinhlobo ezifanele kakhulu endaweni yangakini, kunconywa ukuthi uthintane nabalimi bendawo abanolwazi lokuqala kanye nesipiliyoni.

Amathiphu okukhulisa utamatisi

amathiphu okukhula utamatisi

Ngokufanelekile, utamatisi kufanele utshalwe ngoJanuwari enyakatho nenkabazwe, nakuba ezinye izinhlobo ezifana neMarmande zingatshalwa ekuqaleni kukaDisemba. Lapho utshala ngesikhathi sasebusika, kubalulekile ukunikeza isivikelo, njengokusetshenziswa kwe-greenhouse noma ukusetha kwangaphakathi. Ukuqinisekisa ukuhluma okuphelele, Kunconywa ukukhetha umbhede wembewu oshisayo ozogcina izinga lokushisa elifanele kuyo yonke inqubo.

Ngenyanga ka-March sinenketho yokuqala ukuhlwanyela emibhedeni yembewu engavikelekile ezintweni, nakuba kutuswa ukusebenzisa indawo yokushisa ukushisa ukuze kugcinwe amazinga omswakama futhi kuvikeleke umbhede wembewu ekuguquguqukeni okungaba khona kwezinga lokushisa. Imbewu izoqala ukuhluma ezinsukwini ezingu-7 kuya kweziyi-10.

Inqubo yokufakelwa

Inqubo yokutshala kabusha ivamise ukwenzeka ezinyangeni ezimbili ngemuva kokutshala kokuqala, esigabeni lapho izitshalo zikatamatisi sezikhule amaqabunga amane eqiniso. Lapho wenza ukufakelwa, kunezici ezimbalwa ezibalulekile okufanele zicatshangelwe.

Ukuqinisekisa ukukhula okuhle, kubalulekile ukunikeza isitshalo imisoco eyengeziwe kusukela ekuqaleni. Lokhu kungafezwa ngokufaka umquba omningi emhlabathini. Njengoba lesi sitshalo sisekuqaleni, singenwa kalula ukwehla kwezinga lokushisa kungazelelwe, ikakhulukazi ngenkathi yasentwasahlobo. Kunconywa ukuthi kube nezindawo zokugcina izithombo ezincane ezilungiselelwe njengesinyathelo sokuqapha.

Ukukhuthaza ukukhula kwezimpande eziqinile, Kuyazuzisa ukungcwaba isiqu sesitshalo kuze kufike emaqabunga okuqala. Lokhu kukhuthaza ukukhiqizwa kwamaqabunga amasha ngesikhathi esifushane. Uma kuziwa endabeni yokuhlukanisa phakathi kwezitshalo, uhlobo oluthile ludlala indima ebalulekile, kodwa njengesiqondiso esijwayelekile, izitshalo ngokuvamile zidinga cishe u-40cm wendawo ukusuka kwenye.

Ivolumu ye-substrate edingekayo ukuze kutshalwe utamatisi ebhodweni ngokuvamile ihluka phakathi kwamalitha angu-16 kuya kwangu-20, nakuba ingase ihluke kuye ngezinhlobonhlobo ezithile. Ukuqinisekisa ukukhula nokuzinza okufanele, Kunconywa ukuthi ubambe isitshalo kusukela ekuqaleni kunokulinda ukuthi sikhule. Uma kubhekwa ubukhulu baso, lesi sitshalo siyakwazi ukugoba ezimeni ezinomoya. Ukwengeza, ukuzwela kwayo kumswakama kudinga ukugxila ukuze kube lula ukugeleza komoya phakathi kwamaqabunga nezithelo.

Ukunakekela utamatisi

indlela yokutshala utamatisi

Sizokunikeza amanye amathiphu angcono kakhulu wokunakekela utamatisi:

  • Ukutshala: Khetha indawo enelanga engadini yakho enenhlabathi ekhanyiswe kahle. Gcoba umgodi ojulile ngokwanele ukuze ubambe impande yesitshalo sikatamatisi. Faka isitshalo emgodini, usimboze ngenhlabathi, bese ucindezela kancane ukuze usivikele.
  • Ukunisela: Utamatisi udinga umswakama njalo, ngakho uwaphuzise njalo. Gwema ukuchelela ngokweqile, ngoba lokhu kungabangela ukubola kwezimpande. Nisela phansi kwesitshalo, ugcine amaqabunga omile ukuvimbela izifo.
  • Ukuvundisa: Phaka utamatisi ngomanyolo olinganiselayo ukuze uwanikeze imisoco ebalulekile. Qala ukuvundisa lapho izitshalo ziqala ukuqhakaza futhi uqhubeke njalo ngemva kwamasonto amabili kuya kwamathathu phakathi nenkathi yokukhula.
  • Izihlahla: Susa ama-suckers, okungamahlumela akhula phakathi kwesiqu esikhulu namagatsha. Lokhu kusiza ukuqondisa kabusha amandla esithelweni futhi kukhuthaze ukuhamba komoya okungcono, kunciphisa ingozi yezifo.
  • Okuhlanganisiwe: Faka ungqimba lukamanyolo ophilayo nxazonke zezitshalo zikatamatisi. I-mulch isiza ukugcina umswakama, icindezela ukhula, futhi ilawula izinga lokushisa lomhlabathi.
  • Ukusekelwa: Njengoba izitshalo zikatamatisi zikhula, zinikeze ukusekelwa ukuze zingawi phansi. Sebenzisa izigxobo, amakheji noma ama-trellises ukuze ugcine izitshalo zimile futhi wenze kube lula ukugeleza komoya.
  • Ukulawulwa kwezinambuzane nezifo: Gada izitshalo zakho zikatamatisi njalo ukuze uthole izimpawu zezinambuzane noma izifo. Susa amaqabunga athintekile noma izithelo ngokushesha ukuze uvimbele ukusakazeka okwengeziwe.

Mayelana nokunisela, kunconywa ukuthi ukhethe indlela ejulile futhi enezikhala efinyelela ngempumelelo ezingqimbeni ezingezansi zomhlabathi.

Ukukhanya kuyisici esibalulekile kulesi sitshalo, njengoba sidinga okungenani amahora angu-6 okukhanya kwelanga. Kodwa-ke, ifinyelela ekukhiqizeni kwayo okuphezulu lapho kuvezwa amahora angama-8-10 okukhanya. Mayelana nezakhamzimba, lesi sitshalo sinezidingo eziphezulu. Indlela elungile iwukuhlinzeka njalo nge-organic matter, okuzoqinisekisa ukutholakala okuphelele kwezakhamzimba phakathi nomjikelezo wayo wokukhula. Ngesikhathi sokuqhakaza, Kunconywa ukuyinika amandla angeziwe ngomanyolo ocebile nge-phosphorus ne-calcium, njenge-guanoforte.

Uma ulandela lezi ziqondiso zokunakekela utamatisi, uzokwazi ukujabulela isivuno sikatamatisi esiphumelelayo nesikhiqizayo. Khumbula ukubhekisisa izitshalo futhi wenze noma yiziphi izinguquko ezidingekayo ukuze uqinisekise ukukhula kwazo okuhle nempilo yazo.

Ngithemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi mayelana namathiphu angcono kakhulu okukhulisa utamatisi.


Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.