Indali evuselelekayo

Ukubaluleka kwezindali ezivuselelekayo

ESpain, amandla avuselelekayo asebenza endalini. Indali iyakwazi ukuvumela ukufakwa okuphathelene namandla avuselelekayo ukuthola usizo lomphakathi ekufakweni kwayo. Ngale ndlela, indima yamandla ahlukile ezweni lethu ingavuselelwa kabusha ukuze imakethe kazwelonke. Ngakho-ke, sizonikezela le ndatshana ukukutshela ukubaluleka kwe- indali evuselelekayo.

Uma ufuna ukwazi kabanzi mayelana nokuthi indali evuselelekayo isebenza kanjani, lokhu okuthunyelwe kwakho.

Yini indali evuselelekayo

Amandla avuselelekayo

Ngenxa yentela yelanga evunyelwe uhulumeni we-PP ezandleni zikaMariano Rajoy, le ntela yasungulwa kuzo zonke lezo zikhungo ezazisebenza ngamandla avuselelekayo. Ngemuva kokuchitha iminyaka eminingi umkhakha ovuselelekayo ukhubazekile, kungenzeka ukuthi kwenziwe indali entsha evuselelekayo eSpain evumele izindawo ezisebenza ngalo mandla aluhlaza ukuthola usizo oluvela kuhulumeni ngokufakwa nokusebenza kwazo. Yile ndlela esifeza ngayo ukuthi amandla avuselelekayo angaphinda futhi abe nendawo yawo emakethe kazwelonke.

Indali evuselelekayo yileyo micimbi esebenza ukwabela umbuso othile wamaholo ezikhungweni ezintsha zokukhiqiza amandla kagesi ezisebenza kusuka emithonjeni yamandla avuselelekayo. Le ndali iyinkimbinkimbi ngempela futhi inemiyalo ebanzi kakhulu futhi enzima ukuyiqonda. Ngemuva kweminyaka eminingana isebenza, le ndali iye yaguqulwa ngemuva kwemiphumela esabekayo etholwe ngezikhathi ezithile. Kule miphumela, wonke ama-megawatt anikezwe ngaphandle kwanoma yiluphi uhlobo lwe-premium. Okusho ukuthi, ngentengo ye-pool. Uma uzwa lokhu, ungacabanga ukuthi yizindaba ezimnandi kodwa kuningi ukungabaza ngokuthi ngabe amamegawathi anikiwe azogcina esakhiwe yini ngelinye ilanga. Ukuqedela ukufaka lezi zinsiza ngentengo yemakethe, akekho ozovela endalini.

Ukusebenza kwezindali ezivuselelekayo

Izikhungo ezingavuselelwa

Sizozama ukuchaza ngokuningiliziwe futhi ngendlela elula ukuthi indali evuselelekayo isebenza kanjani. Into ejwayelekile ukuthi umthamo ophelele wamandla ovame ukudayiswa ungama-megawatts angama-2.000 1.000 namanye ama-megawatts ayi-XNUMX XNUMX avela kuNgqongqoshe futhi asala egumbini lokulala uma kwenzeka kuhlangatshezwana neminye imibandela esunguliwe. Ngaphandle kokubandlululwa, wonke amamegawathi athengiswa endalini enzelwe ubuchwepheshe obusebenza ngokuvuseleleka.

Kule ndali ungabhida zombili amapulazi omoya, njengokufakwa kwe-photovoltaic, i-thermosolar, i-hydraulic ne-biomass. Kunabantu abasabalalisa amahlebezi athile lapho bethi ama-megawatts ayi-1.000 XNUMX angeziwe ahlinzekwa ngumnyango agcinelwe amandla avuselelekayo asebenza namaphaneli we-photovoltaic. Lokhu kungenza umqondo othile kwazise izwe lethu linamandla amakhulu kulolu hlobo lwamandla ngenxa yenani elikhulu lamahora okukhanya kwelanga esinakho ekupheleni konyaka.

Zonke izinkampani ezithatha isinqumo sokubamba iqhaza ezindalini ezivuselelekayo kudingeke ukuthi zifake isiqinisekiso sama-euro angama-60.000 kumegawathi ngayinye ezonikezwa. Lesi siqinisekiso sigcina ngokulahleka ngokuphelele noma ingxenye uma ekugcineni beklonyelisiwe futhi bangahlangabezani nochungechunge lwezinyathelo ezizobekwa ngumnyango. Okunye okuheha ukunakwa okukhulu emhlabeni kwezindali ezivuselelekayo ukuthi inhloso ukunikeza usizo lwezomnotho ukuze kukwazi ukukhuphula inani lamandla afakiwe hhayi amandla akhiqizwayo. Lokho wukuthi, izinkampani kufanele zikhokhise inani elithile ngamamegawathi ngamunye abawathola endalini. nokuthi ekugcineni bagcina ngokwakha kungakhathalekile ukuthi kamuva lokho kufakwa kukhiqiza amandla amaningi noma ngaphansi.

Ngamandla akhiqizwa ezikhungweni, bazokhokhiswa ngentengo ye-pool. Umqondo walolu hlobo lwendali ukwazi ukukhuthaza ukwenziwa kwamandla avuselelekayo ngezindleko eziphansi futhi lokho kusho ukubamba iqhaza okukhulu kwazo zonke izinkampani kanye nohulumeni. Amandla avuselelekayo ezweni lethu abelokhu ekhokhiswa imali ekhokhwayo ngokusho kwamandla akhiqizwayo futhi hhayi ngamandla afakiwe.

Indali yama-marginalist

Indali evuselelekayo

Njengakuzo zonke izindali ezingabanjwa emhlabeni, inhloso enkulu ukusetha inani lokugcina elihleliwe. Leli cala yilona elizama ukuthengisa le ntengo iphansi kancane kunokujwayelekile ngokwamaphesenti osizo uhulumeni azolunikeza. Ngalolu sizo, kufanele umake ukuthi uzimisele kangakanani ukunikela ngokufaka ukukhiqizwa kwamandla avuselelekayo. Luhlobo lwendali yababhekelwa phansi lapho wonke amabhidi ayalelwa kusuka eshibhile kuye kakhulu. Inhloso yokugcina yokunikezwa kokugcina ukugcwalisa isabelo esizokhokhiswa bonke abanye ababambiqhaza.

Cishe yonke imboni iyacaca ukuthi indali izogcina isiyinani lentengo. Lokhu kusho ukuthi ngeke lube khona uhlobo losizo lomphakathi. Inhloso enkulu okungafakwanga ukukhiqizwa kwamandla avuselelekayo futhi uma ingekho indali ukuthi, uma unikezwa futhi wenza lo msebenzi ngempumelelo, umnyango kufanele ukuqinisekise ngenani eliphansi lokukhokhisa amandla owathengisa emakethe. Le ntengo emakethe yezitolo ezinkulu yaziwa njengechibi futhi ijwayele ukwehla kakhulu eminyakeni emibili elandelayo.

Kwenzekani uma kukhona uthayi endalini? Kulesi simo, ukubandlululwa kwenziwa ubuchwepheshe lapho bonke labo abanamahora alinganayo bezuza khona. Okungukuthi, bonke labo buchwepheshe obukwazi ukukhiqiza amandla amaningi ngeyunithi ngayinye yesikhathi. Lezi zibalo ngokuvamile akunakwenzeka ukuzithola ngesikhathi seqiniso, kepha zisebenza njengesethenjwa uma kukhulunywa ngokubandlulula phakathi kobuchwepheshe uma kwenzeka kuthayi.

Kwenzekani Ngemuva Kwendali Evuselelekayo?

Lapho izindali ezivuselelekayo seziphelile futhi onke ama-megawatts esekhishiwe, yisikhathi lapho zonke izinkampani ezinikezwe ingxenye yalawo ma-megawatts ziqala khona amaphrojekthi adingekayo ukuze zikwazi ukwakha izakhiwo ezingakwazi ukukhiqiza inani lamandla elilinganayo kulowo abaklonyelisiwe.

Imibandela enikezwe kulezi zindali ezivuselelekayo incane futhi ilawulwa ngabaphathi. Ngumnyango obeke uchungechunge lwezinyathelo zokulawula okumele izinkampani zithuthukise kuzo amaphrojekthi azo esikhathini esinqunyiwe.

Ngiyethemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi ngezindali ezivuselelekayo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.