Ibhethri elikhulu lihlanganisa ukucisha kweNingizimu Australia

ibhethri elikhulu e-Australia

Okokuqala ukukuhalalisela ngalonyaka omusha futhi siyabonga ngokusilandela nsuku zonke.

Ngizoqala kulo nyaka nenkampani eyintandokazi yaseMelika (umbono wami), I-Tesla Inc. futhi ukuthi le nkampani yezimoto namandla ka-Elon Musk, isebenze ibhethri le-lithium-ion ngobukhulu emhlabeni esifundazweni saseNingizimu Australia.

Isikhungo esibiziwe Hornsdale Power Reserve, isebenzisa ubuchwepheshe obufanayo namabhethri emoto kaTesla, noma kunjalo, inikwa amandla ngamandla omoya futhi okuwukuphela komsebenzi wayo ukunciphisa ukuphuma kwesikhashana kukhiqizwa kugridi yamandla yase-Australia.

Njengoba sekusele inyanga eyodwa ukuthi ifakwe, le divayisi enkulu (elinganisa ngamamitha ayi-100 ubude) yephule irekhodi lokuthi yenziwe yasebenza esikhathini esisodwa nje sesikhombisa somzuzwana ngemuva kokucima kwenethiwekhi, ukufeza isivinini sempendulo esheshayo esirekhodwe kuze kube manje.

Leli bhethri linomlando okhethekile selokhu uMusk athembisa nge-tweet (yebo, njengoba ufunda, i-twitter tweet) ukwakha ibhethri ngoMashi nokuthi ngeke akhokhise aliqede uma uTesla engakwazi ukuqedela iphrojekthi ezinsukwini eziyi-100 ngemuva ukusayina inkontileka.

Lokhu "kubheja" kuvela ku Inkinga yamandla ehlupheka yisifundazwe saseNingizimu Australia iminyaka ethile manje, yaqala ngo-2016 lapho isiphepho ishiye cishe abantu abayizigidi eziyi-1,7 bengenawo ugesi.

Ibhethri lafakwa eduze kwepulazi lomoya eliphethwe yiNeoen, inkampani yaseFrance, enyakatho ne-Adelaide. Futhi qaphela, ubesenezinsuku ezingama-40 ezisele.

Idatha yebhethri

Cishe ngamamitha ayi-100 ubude njengoba kushiwo ngenhla futhi Iyakwazi ukugcina amandla ayi-129 MW / h, angayikhipha ngamandla we-100 MW.

Esitatimendeni sangoJuni kule phrojekthi, uMusk utshele abezindaba be-Adelaide ukuthi uhlelo lolu:

“Linamandla aphindwe kathathu kunanoma imuphi omunye uMhlaba. Ngalesi sizathu, iyakwazi ukuhambisa ugesi emakhaya angama-30.000 cishe ihora elilodwa ngaphambi kokukhipha ”.

Okubi ngaleli bhethri yilokho akuhloselwe ukusetshenziswa kwesikhathi esidekepha ukuthola ngokushesha ukugeleza kwenethiwekhi lapho izimpahla eziyinhloko zehluleka.

Ngale ndlela, ukwehla okungazelelwe kugwenywe ngenkathi izinhlelo zezimo eziphuthumayo zisebenza, kusalokhu kuncike kumandla okubasa.

Okunye ukubuyela emuva kwamabhethri e-lithium-ion ukuthi baqala ukulahlekelwa yimali kusukela ngomzuzu wokuqala ugesi uvaliwe, ukuyigcina isikhathi esingaphezu kwamasonto ambalwa.

Ngaphandle kwalokhu, cishe u-40% wamandla akhiqizwa e-Australia atholakala emoyeni, futhi ingelinye lamazwe akhanyiswe kakhulu emhlabeni, yize isathembele kakhulu kumafutha ezimbiwa phansi.

Yingakho umcwaningi waseGriffith University u-Ian Lowe ethe ku-New Scientist;

"Ukugcinwa kukagesi okungabizi kakhulu yinkinga kuphela esivimbela ukuthi sithembele kuphela kumandla elanga nawomoya."

Izenzo zokuqala zebhethri leTesla

Iphrojekthi iza ngesikhathi esihle kwazise igridi kagesi yase-Australia ithanda kakhulu ukusikeka ehlobo (okungukuthi, ngoDisemba eningizimu nenkabazwe).

Maphakathi nenyanga edlule ibhethri liqale ukusebenza okokuqala ngqa, nini isitshalo se-Loy Yang esisebenza ngombane saba nokwehla okungazelelwe kuka-560 MW ekunikezelweni kwaso igridi. Ukuba nomunye umcimbi ofanayo ngesonto eledlule.

Kuzona zozimbili lezi zigameko, ibhethri likaTesla, elisendaweni engamakhilomitha ayi-1.000 XNUMX ukusuka eLoy Yang, ngaseJamestown, liphendule ngomzuzwana nje, ngaleyo ndlela ligwema ukwehla kobuningi benethiwekhi, yize lingenayo inkontileka yokungenelela ukwehluleka okushiwo maphakathi.

Kamuva, esinye isiteshi samandla kagesi esishisayo okufanele siphendule emaphutheni kaLoy Yang sisebenzise izimpahla zezimo eziphuthumayo.

Lokhu kungenelela kwebhethri kukhombisa ukuthi amandla avuselelekayo, futhi ikakhulukazi umoya, angabhejwa onokwethenjelwa ngohlelo oluhle lokugcina amandla naphezu kokukhiqizwa kwawo okufika ngezikhathi ezithile.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, "ungashaja kalula ibhethri uma kunamandla amaningi futhi lapho izindleko zishibhile, ngenkathi ukhipha lapho izindleko zokukhiqiza ziphakeme," kuchaza uMusk. “Lokhu kwehlisa intengo emaphakathi nehora yomthengi. Kungukuthuthuka okuyisisekelo ekusebenzeni kahle kwenethiwekhi kagesi ”.

 


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.