Amandla wasolwandle nawo akhiqiza amandla avuselelekayo

 

imvelo yasolwandle eyakhiwe yizinhlobo ezahlukene zezitshalo nezilwane

Empeleni izilwandle zinamandla amakhulu oku khiqiza amandla. Ngeshwa, lokhu akusetshenziswanga ngezizathu ezahlukahlukene.

Amandla olwandle noma amandla ezilwandle nge imvelaphi ehlukahlukeneNjengamagagasi, amagagasi, imisinga yolwandle, ama-gradients ashisayo nama-saline gradients.

Singabahlukanisa ngamaqembu amaningi, njengokufakwa komoya olwandle, kanye nokusetshenziswa kwe-biomass yasolwandle, yize kungenxa yalokhu okuthunyelwe uzoba eceleni ngoba akusizo ukusetshenziswa okufanele kwezimanzi zamanzi anosawoti.

Izinhlobo zamandla asolwandle

Amandla we-Wave

Futhi kubizwa "igagasi motor“Yiso manje esithuthuke kakhulu, futhi ubuchwepheshe obuhlukene obuthuthukisiwe bukhombisa intshisekelo enkulu enayo emkhakheni wezamandla avuselelekayo.

Amandla we-Wave achazwa njengamandla asolwandle atholakala ngokutholwa kwamandla e-kinetic aqukethwe ukuhamba kwamanzi olwandle nolwandle.

Amagagasi awumphumela womphumela womoya ku ubuso bamanzi. Lo moya uqhamuka ekufakweni kwamandla amakhulu kweplanethi: amandla avela elangeni. Amandla aqukethwe ukunyakaza okushisayo kwamanzi olwandle makhulu kakhulu. Kwezinye izindawo lapho umsebenzi wamaza ugcwele, amandla e-kinetic agcinwe kulo mnyakazo weqa ama-70MW / km2.Ukuthuthukiswa kwamandla avuselelekayo avela olwandle kusazothuthukiswa

Amandla omswakama

Obeye aziwe njengo "amagagasi"Yilawo mandla asizakala ngokukhuphuka nokuwa kwamanzi olwandle akhiqizwa amandla adonsela phansi elanga nenyanga ukuze khiqiza ugesi ngokuhlanzekile. Ngakho-ke, ingumthombo wamandla ovuselelekayo futhi ongapheli osebenzisa amandla olwandle akhiqizwa olwandle lwethu.

i-turbine yokukhiqiza amandla olwandle iyathuthukiswa

Kulokhu, ukubuyela emuva okuyinhloko indawo yezindawo lapho kunomehluko wokuphakama omkhulu ngokwanele ukuze ube nenzuzo ngokombono womnotho wokusebenzisa isikhungo.

ophephela abathuthukisiwe bamandla olwandle

Imisinga ye-Ocean

I-Las Imisinga ye-Ocean Lezi yizimo ezenzeka ezixukwini zasolwandle njengomphumela wokusetshenziswa kwamanzi okuvela ezindaweni ezijulile.

Umsuka uphinde utholakale ekusebenzeni komoya emzimbeni wamanzi, owehla ngamandla njengoba amanzi enyuka. ukujula.

Ama-saladi gradients

Mayelana ne gradients, okwamanje kunezindlela ezimbili zokusebenzisa amandla abo.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, umehluko emazingeni okushisa aphakathi kobukhulu bamanzi angaphezulu nalawo ajulile, angenziwa ngobuchwepheshe kulezo zindawo ezisenkabazwe noma ezindaweni ezishisayo, ikakhulukazi ngenxa yokuqhubeka kwamazinga okushisa asendaweni unyaka wonke.

Ama-saladi gradients angasetshenziswa kuphela ezindaweni lapho kunokuhlangana kwezinhlobo zamanzi anosawoti ohlukile. Lokhu ngokuvamile kwenzeka emilonyeni yemifula.

Ungawasebenzisa kanjani amandla la

Uma sigxila ekusetshenzisweni kwezinsizakusebenza zamandla asolwandle, ezicishe zingapheli emhlabeni jikelele.

Kungamandla amaza asethuthuke kakhulu, yize lokho kungasho ukuthi amandla olwandle Akukaze kusetshenziswe ngendlela ebalulekile iminyaka, kepha kuphela kwezinye izindawo lapho kunezimo ezikhetheke kakhulu, ngoba ukusetshenziswa kwayo kuhlotshaniswa nomthelela omkhulu wezemvelo, futhi kuyizindawo ezinenani elivelele lemvelo.

Ezindaweni ezinemithombo yolwandle yamanje, inkinga ingaba enye, futhi yinkulu ukuminyana kwezimoto olwandle olungaba nalezi zindawo, yize kunokujula okwanele kwendawo, inkinga ingaba ncane.

Ukusetshenziswa kwama-gradients asolwandle, njengamanje, akusizi. Yize, hhayi ngenxa yalesi sizathu sekuyekile ukuphenya.

IYurophu ibiyisifunda samaphayona ekusetshenzisweni kwamagagasi, ikakhulukazi isifunda se IScotland y Portugal, yize kamuva amanye amazwe engeziwe, phakathi kwawo kukhona España, ikakhulukazi imiphakathi ezimele yasogwini lwaseCantabrian, kanye naseGalicia.

Kunamaphrojekthi amaningi asunguliwe kuze kube manje, anemiphumela ehlukile, kepha ukwesekwa okuqinile kweminyango eyahlukahlukene yokuthuthukiswa kwe- lo mkhakha. Ngaphezu kwalokho, kunentshisekelo enkulu evela embonini enkulu evuselelekayo, okuyisandulela sempumelelo esikhathini esimaphakathi, ukukwazi ukuthembela kumandla owodwa avuselelekayo ekuxubeni kagesi wezwe.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.