Kunabantu abasasho ukuthi amandla elanga ayabiza

Amaseli elanga Umphakathi uyaqhubeka nokuphikisana ngokuthi ngabe kuwukuhlakanipha yini ukungabhebi kakhulu kumandla avuselelekayo (amandla elanga, umoya phakathi kwabanye). Ubuchwepheshe bamandla sebudlula ohulumeni besigamu somhlaba futhi basendleleni yokuguqula le mpikiswano ibe yinto ephelelwe yisikhathi ngokuphelele.

Amandla elanga, abe eshibhile ngonyaka odlule ngaphezu kuka-75%, isivele ishibhile kunanoma iluphi olunye uhlobo lwamandla akhiqizwa ngamalahle, uwoyela noma igesi.

Konke lokhu kuhle, kepha akwenele. Uma amandla elanga efuna ukuba ngumdlali womhlaba jikelele, kufanele kube njalo inenzuzo enkulu kuneminye imithombo yamandla yesikhashanaNjengamanje sekuvele, ngaphezu kwalokho, emazweni angaphezu kwama-50, amandla elanga angamandla ashibhe kunawo wonke.

IKurnool Ultra Mega Solar Park

Impi yamandla iseminyakeni engama-20 ngaphambili

Yize ngokujwayelekile sibheka intengo yokukhiqiza ngehora le-kilowatt ngayinye, leyo akuyona intengo ethakazelisa kakhulu yokutholwa yamandla avuselelekayo. Okungenani, kumongo ofana nowamanje lapho okuvuselelwa kungenayo imixhaso yokukhokhela imali.

Izinhlelo zamandla ezinezakhiwo ezinkulu ekutshalweni zenziwa ngeminyaka eminingana yokulindela, noma amashumi eminyaka. Lesi ngesinye sezizathu zokuthi kungani ukwamukelwa okuvuselelekayo kuhamba kancane: uma isakhi senuzi, igesi, amalahle (noma olunye uhlobo) sekwakhiwe, akunakwenzeka ukusivala kuze kube sekupheleni kwempilo yaso. Ukube bekunjalo, ngokujwayelekile nnoma utshalomali luzotholwa, okuyinto engeke yenzeke ngenxa yezikhungo ezinkulu ezikhona laphaya.

Ngamanye amagama, uma sifuna ukutadisha ngokuningiliziwe ukuthi ukwakheka kwemakethe yamandla kuzovela kanjani, kufanele sibheke ukuthi kubiza malini ukuqala amandla ngamunye kusukela ekuqaleni. Inzuzo yesikhathi esifushane naphakathi yezitshalo zamandla ibalulekile esinqumweni sokugcina sosomabhizinisi nosopolitiki; Noma, ngenye indlela, amandla ashibhile ukukhiqiza futhi adinga ukutshalwa kwezimali okuphezulu kakhulu awusoze wamukelwa.

Amandla elanga angancintisana nanoma ngubani

Ngokwemibiko eminingana evela emzimbeni ongaphezu koyedwa, embonini yamandla: «Amandla elanga angaxhaswanga aqala ukukhipha amalahle negesi yemvelo emakethe Ngaphezu kwalokho, amaphrojekthi amasha elanga ezimakethe ezisafufusa abiza ngaphansi kunomoya.

IPortugal izonikezela ngezinsuku ezine zamandla avuselelekayo

Futhi, impela, cishe emazweni angama-XNUMX asafufusa intengo emaphakathi yokufakwa kwelanga kwakudingeka ukukhiqiza i-megawatt ngayinye sekuvele kwehlele ku- $ 1.650.000, ngaphansi kwe-1.660.000 izindleko zamandla omoya.

Njengoba sikwazi ukubona kwigrafu eyedlule, ukuziphendukela kwemvelo kucace bha. Lokhu kusho ukuthi amazwe asafufusa, okuyiwona jikelele anenani elanda kakhulu ekukhishweni kwe-CO2.

ISpain ayikunciphisi ukukhishwa kwe-CO2

Bathole indlela yokukhiqiza ugesi ngentengo yokuncintisana nangendlela evuseleleka ngokuphelele.

Intengo yamandla elanga vs intengo yamalahle

Lo nyaka ukhombise umjaho wamandla elanga kuzo zonke izici, selokhu kwavela ubuchwephesheEzindalini lapho izinkampani ezizimele zincintisana ngalezo zinkontileka ezinkulu zokuphakelwa kukagesi, inyanga nenyanga irekhodi lisethelwe ugesi welanga oshibhile.

Ngonyaka odlule uqale inkontileka ye- khiqiza ugesi ngo- $ 64 nge-MW / ngehora ngalinye evela ezweni laseNdiya. Isivumelwano esisha ngo-Agasti sehlise lesi sibalo saba yisibalo esimangalisayo sokuqeda nje $ 29 amamegawathi isikhathi eChile. Leyo mali iyingqophamlando ngokwezindleko zikagesi, icishe ibe ngu- 50% eshibhile kunentengo enikezwa ngamalahle.

Amalahle

Nombiko Izindleko Ezilinganisiwe Zamandla (Izindleko ezibekiwe zobuchwepheshe obuhlukile bamandla, ngaphandle koxhaso). Kutholakala ukuthi unyaka nonyaka, kuvuselelwa kabusha ashibhile kanti ajwayelekile abiza kakhulu.

Futhi ukuthambekela kwezindleko kungukuthi ngaphezu kokucaca 😀

Irekhodi elisha eDubai ngentengo yamandla ashisayo elanga

tks IDaily Electricity and Water Authority (Dewa) isimemezele amanani entengo emabhizinisini amane okuqokwa ngawo ukuthuthukiswa kwesigaba sesine esingu-megawatt sama-200 sepaki lelanga i-Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. Ibhidi ephansi ifakiwe kule phrojekthi yamandla elanga egxilile kungu-9,45 US cents (cishe ama-8.5 euro cents) nge-kWh ngayinye.

Le ntengo imele irekhodi elisha, ngoba eledlule beliphakeme ngama-40% kunentengo ephansi enikeziwe kuze kube manje. Ezinye izinhlinzeko ezimbili baphinde bethula amanani aphansi ngamasenti ayi-10 euro nge-kWh ngayinye.

Ithenda yesigaba sesine sepaki elanga lesitshalo se-thermosolar esinobuchwepheshe bombhoshongo lifaka ukugcinwa kwamandla kuze kufike emahoreni ayi-12, okusho ukuthi le nxanxathela izokwazi ukuqhubeka usabalalisa ugesi ubusuku bonke, futhi kuyisigaba sokuqala sentuthuko esihlela ukuba ne-1.000 MW yamandla kagesi ashisayo elanga ngobuchwepheshe bombhoshongo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.