Amandla avuselelekayo eNingizimu Melika

utshalomali kumandla avuselelekayo Eminyakeni yamuva eLatin America eziningana izinguquko zamandla ukuholela ekukhuleni okucacile kwamandla avuselelekayo.

Okuhlomule kakhulu kube ngelanga, okumanje ubuchwepheshe obuvuselelekayo eshibhile futhi ifinyeleleke emhlabeni jikelele.

Isibonelo, eColombia amandla we-photovoltaic ayingxenye yohlelo olubizwa ngokuthi Ukuthula Ukusakaza, okuletha ukukhanya nethemba ezindaweni okwase kuyiminyaka zifihliwe izingxabano ezihlomile nokushushumbiswa kwezidakamizwa.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, amazwe afana Chile ukuthi ngo-2012 izwe belino-5MW kuphela wamandla elanga, namhlanje anamandla angaphezu kuka-362MW no-873 MW asakhiwa.

intengo yamandla elanga aphansi

Chile

Emazweni ahlukene eLatin America, iChile iyona ehola ukufakwa kwalolu hlobo lwamandla. Imibiko eminingana ikhombisa ukuthi “ngemakethe yayo eqinile yezinsizakalo ezinkulu, iChile yahola isifunda ekufakweni kwe-photovoltaic ngo-2014, emele ngaphezu amakota amathathu esewonke kusuka eLatin America ". Uyanezela futhi ukuthi “kwikota yesine kuphela iChile efake kabili inani lemali yonyaka yeLatin America ngo-2013.

Into efanelekile ukuthi iChile kwaqala ngo-2013 enama-megawatt ayi-11 kuphela amandla elanga afakiwe. Ijubane izwe elihambe phambili ngalo likubeke njengomholi wesifunda, ngaphambi kweMexico neBrazil, ngokukhula.

amandla elanga

Eqinisweni, iChile itshale imali engaphezu kuka  Ama-dollar ayi-7.000 ekwenziweni kwamandla avuselelekayo eminyakeni eyisikhombisa edlule, okubandakanya ne-biomass, i-hydroelectric, umoya.

Isibonelo salokhu amaphrojekthi angaphezu kwelanga angama-80 nomoya ovunyelwe eminyakeni yamuva.

eolico Ipaki

Argentina

I-Argentina nayo obekuhlala kungenandaba futhi kungakhathaleli inguquko evuselelekayo, isiqalile ukwephula iqhwa nokukhuthaza amandla elanga. EJujuy, isibonelo, kukhona idolobha lamandla elanga ayi-100% elikhombise ushintsho olwenzeka e-Argentina. Izwe lilindele ukukhiqiza u-8% wamandla alo kazwelonke asebenzisa imithombo evuselelekayo eminyakeni embalwa.

I-México

IMexico yethule kulo nyaka isigaba sokugcina sesinye sezitshalo ezinkulu kakhulu zelanga eLatin America. I-Aura Solar I yafakwa eBaja California Sur esikhathini esiyizinyanga eziyisikhombisa kuphela futhi kusukela ngoSepthemba 2013 yaqala ukuguqula imisebe yelanga ibe yimodi eshintshashintshayo, esivele ifinyelela engxenyeni yezwe.

amandla elanga nentengo elula

Kulo nyaka, lesi sitshalo sizovulwa ngokuphelele, sikhiqize amandla ahlanzekile ukondla izigidi zabantu baseMexico. Izikhungo zalo zihlala Amahektha ayi-100 eLa Paz Industrial Park. Uhulumeni waseMexico uqokomisa ukuthi isitshalo se-Aura Solar esinamaseli ayi-131.800 sizonciphisa ukungcola ngamathani ayizinkulungwane ezingama-60 we-CO2 ngonyaka.

Peru

Futhi amazwe afana nePeru akhuthaza ukusetshenziswa kwamandla elanga. Inselelo yalo mkhakha ukuletha amandla kubantu basePeru abayizigidi eziyi-2,2 ezindaweni zasemakhaya ngokwandiswa kwamanethiwekhi kanye nezixazululo ezingavumelekile njengamapaneli elanga, okuzoklonyeliswa ngawo iphrojekthi yezimali, ukufakwa, ukusebenza nokugcinwa. .

Amanye amazwe

En I-Panama, Izinkampani ezingama-31 zibambe iqhaza kuthenda yokuqala yokuthengwa kwamandla amakhulu elanga ngonyaka odlule. Le phrojekthi ihlinzeka ngamathenda angama-66 MW nge utshalomali ezibalelwa ku- $ 120 million

Guatemala Inesinye sezitshalo ezinkulu kakhulu ze-photovoltaic esifundeni esine-5 MW yamandla kanye namaphaneli elanga acishe abe yizinkulungwane ezingama-20. Kuleli sonto u-Eduardo Font, iMenenja-Jikelele embonini yamaphepha ePainsa, uthe bahlele ukutshalwa kwezimali okungama-dollar ayizigidi eziyi-12 embonini yelanga engu-8MW.

I-German Development Bank (KFW) iklonyelisiwe El Salvador imali mboleko yama-dollar ayizigidi ezingama-30 yamakhredithi ezinkampanini zamandla avuselelekayo amancane naphakathi naphakathi, ikakhulukazi elanga. UHulumeni wase-El Salvador nezinkampani ezintathu zamandla kagesi zisayine izinkontileka ezine zokukhiqiza nokuhlinzeka ngamamegawathi angama-94 wamandla elanga ngenani elicishe libe yizigidi ezingama-250 zamaRandi.

Honduras Yizwe elihamba phambili elangeni kuyo yonke iMelika Ephakathi futhi okwesithathu ekukhuleni kweLatin America. Ngesikhathi esifushane, isungule izitshalo eziyishumi nambili zelanga elisebenza eCholuteca nakwezinye izifunda zezwe.

Ngo-2013 iChina ne Costa Rica usayine izivumelwano zama-dollar ayizigidi ezingama-30 zokuxhasa ukufakwa kwamapaneli elanga ayizinkulungwane ezingama-50. Futhi ekuqaleni kwalonyaka iCosta Rican Electricity Institute (ICE) imemezele inqubekelaphambili yohlelo lokulinga lokusetshenziswa kwamandla okuhlala elanga ahlose ukufinyelela kumakhasimende ayizinkulungwane ezingama-600. Eminyakeni engu-7 edlule, KUSETSHENZISWE amadola ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane eziyi-1,700 kumaphrojekthi ahlukahlukene avuselelekayo kagesi (ilanga, umoya, ugesi ophehlwa ngamanzi, phakathi kokunye).

costa-rica-only-uses-renewable-energy-to-product-ugesi


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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.