Yimaphi amazwe aseYurophu abaholi ekukhiqizeni okuvuselelekayo?

ukutshala imali kumandla avuselelekayo kuzokhulisa iGDP yomhlabaNjengamanje, ngokusho kwedatha yakamuva ye-Eurostat, isabelo samandla avela emithonjeni evuselelekayo e-European Union sifinyelele ngokwesilinganiso se-17% ukusetshenziswa kokugcina. Isibalo esibalulekile, uma kucatshangelwa idatha ka-2004, kusukela ngaleso sikhathi yafinyelela ku-7% kuphela.

Njengoba siphawule kaningi, inhloso ye-European Union ukuthi ngo-2020 ama-20% wamandla avela imithombo evuselelekayo futhi bakhuphule leli phesenti okungenani libe ngu-27% ngo-2030. Yize kunesiphakamiso sokubuyekeza lesi sibalo sokugcina siye phezulu.

Ngezwe, iSweden yizwe lapho kukhiqizwa khona amandla avuselelekayo ngaphezu kokusetshenziswa kokugcina, ngama-53,8%. Ilandelwa yiFinland (38,7%), iLatvia (37,2), i-Austria (33,5%) neDenmark (32,2%). Ngeshwa kukhona nabanye kude nezinjongo ze-EU, njengeLuxembourg (5,4%), Malta kanye neNetherlands (womabili anama-6%). ISpain iphakathi kwetafula, ingaphezudlwana kuka-17%.

Izwe

Amaphesenti wamandla avela emithonjeni evuselelekayo (% yokusetshenziswa kokugcina)

I-1 Sweden

53,8

I-2 Finland

38,7

3. ILatvia

37,2

I-4 E-Austria

33,5

I-5 Denmark

32,2

I-6 I-Estonia

28,8

I-7. EPortugal

28,5

I-8 ECroatia

28,3

I-9 Lithuania

25,6

10. IRomania

25

I-14 ESpain

17,2

Ngokulandelayo sizobona izinhlelo eziningana zamazwe angamalungu, nalokho ezikufunayo noma esezigcwalisile izinhloso ze-European Union

Izinhlelo ezingavuselelwa ezivela emazweni ahlukahlukene

Amapulazi omoya ase-Offshore ePortugal

Okokuqala ipulazi lomoya elwandle yeNhlonhlo Yase-Iberia isivele iyiqiniso kodwa isuka ogwini lwe Viana do Castelo, endaweni yamaPutukezi, amakhilomitha angama-60 ukusuka emngceleni neGalicia. Ukubheja okusha nokuzimisele kwezwe elingumakhelwane ngamandla avuselelekayo, umkhakha lapho IPortugal inenzuzo enkulu ngaphezu kwethu, yize i-Spain ingumbuso womhlaba maqondana namandla omoya-wezomhlaba- ukhathazekile.

IDenmark yase-Aeolian

Indida yaseSpain

Endabeni yamandla omoya aphesheya kwezilwandle, indida yaseSpain isiyonke. Ezweni lethu awekho amapulazi omoya "asogwini lolwandle", izibonelo ezithile zokuhlola. Y Kodwa-ke, izinkampani zethu zingabaholi bomhlaba nabo kulobu buchwepheshe. Akukho neyodwa i-megawatt engena kwinethiwekhi yaseSpain ivela olwandle lapho ise-United Kingdom Iberdrola uvule amapulazi omoya amaningana, njenge-West off Duddon Sands (389 MW), esakhiwa eJalimane futhi anikeze (futhi e-United Kingdom) i-East Anglia One (714 MW), iphrojekthi enkulu kunazo zonke yaseSpain emlandweni emkhakheni we evuselelekayo. Ngaphezu kwe-Iberdrola, izinkampani ezinjenge-Ormazabal noma i-Gamesa nazo ziyizilinganiso.

IFrance yethula uhlelo lokuphinda kabili amandla omoya ngo-2023

IFrance yethule uhlelo inhloso yalo ukwenza lula zonke izinqubo zokuphatha nokusheshisa ukuthuthukiswa kwawo wonke amaphrojekthi wamandla omoya ukwengeza ukukhiqizwa kwamandla ahlanzekile kusuka kulo mkhakha kuya kokuphindwe kabili ngonyaka wezi-2023.

Ipulazi lomoya olwandle

Izinselele zaseDenmark

Isiphakamiso seDenmark sithi susa amalahle eminyakeni eyi-8, ngokungangabazeki umgomo omuhle phambili. Ukubalwa kweDenmark kube ngumholi emandleni omoya amashumi eminyaka selokhu kwatshalwa imali kulobu buchwepheshe kusukela ngo-1970 ngenkinga kawoyela emhlabeni jikelele.

Izinhloso zaseDenmark zidlula:

  • Amaphesenti ayi-100 amandla avuselelekayo u-2050
  • Amaphesenti ayi-100 wamandla avuselelekayo kugesi nasekushiseni ngo- 2035
  • Qedela isigaba sokuqedwa kwe- amalahle ngo-2030
  • Ukuncishiswa kwamaphesenti angama-40 ku- Ukukhishwa kwegesi ebamba ukushisa kusuka ngo-1900 kuya ku-2020
  • Amaphesenti angama-50 we ukufunwa kukagesi ihlinzekwe ngamandla omoya ngo-2020

Belgium

IFinland ifuna ukuvimbela amalahle maduzane

Finlandia izifundo zokuvimbela, ngokomthetho, amalahle ukukhiqiza ugesi ngaphambi kuka-2030. Ngenkathi emazweni afana neSpain, ukushiswa kwamalahle kukhuphuke ngama-23% ngonyaka owedlule, iFinland ifuna ukubheka ezinye izindlela eziluhlaza, icabanga ngekusasa lezwe.

Finland

Ngonyaka odlule, uhulumeni waseFinland wethule uhlelo olusha lwezwe lomkhakha wezamandla oluhlinzeka, phakathi kwezinye izindlela, vimbela ngokomthetho ukusetshenziswa kwamalahle yokukhiqiza ugesi kusukela ngonyaka ka-2030.

Izimoto zikagesi zaseNorway

ENorway, zingama-25% izimoto ezithengisiwe ezikagesi. Yebo, ukufundile kahle lokho, i-25%, i-1 ku-4, nokuba ngamabhentshimakhi ayiqiniso emandleni kagesi we-hydroelectric futhi akwazi ukuzimela ngokwanele ngamandla avuselelekayo. Isibonelo sokulandela, yize kungumkhiqizi omkhulu kawoyela. Yikho kanye lokhu lapho bethembele ekufinyeleleni izibalo ezinjalo. Esikhundleni sokushisa uwoyela ukukhiqiza ugesi, bazinikele ekuwuthumeleni kwamanye amazwe futhi basebenzise nemali abayitholile ukwenza izitshalo eziphehla ugesi.

ENorway

 

 


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Shiya umbono wakho

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.