Ukukhishwa kwegesi lokushisa kukhuphuka kakhulu ngenxa yesomiso

Ukuntuleka kwamanzi emaxhaphozini aseSpain kunakho kubangele ukukhishwa amagesi abamba ukushisa. Ezinyangeni eziyisithupha zokuqala, umkhakha kagesi waxosha amathani ayizigidi ezingama-6 we-CO2 emkhathini, ngaphezulu kwezigidi eziyi-17,2 kunangesikhathi esifanayo ngo-2016.

Ukukhiqizwa kwamandla kagesi we-Hydraulic (ngaphandle kokukhishwa kwegesi ebamba ukushisa) kwehle ngaphezu kwama-51% futhi esikhundleni salo kwangena amalahle (ukusetshenziswa kwawo kukhuphuke ngama-72%) negesi (30%). I- izinqolobane ezincane wamachibi enza unyaka we-2017 owakheke kahle ube unyaka omubi kakhulu wokulwa nokuguquka kwesimo sezulu.

Amagesi abamba ukushisa

Presa

QAPHELA

Ukusetshenziswa kukagesi kucishe kufane nango-2016, kepha okuningi okuningi kusetshenzisiwe imithombo engcolile yokukhiqizwa kwamandla. Lokhu kungabonakala kudatha ye- I-Red Eléctrica de España (REE), elenza ukuqapha nsuku zonke imithombo lapho ugesi osetshenziswayo ezweni lethu ukhiqizwa khona.

CO2

I-REE ibuye ilandele amathani we-CO njalo ngenyanga.2 (ugesi omkhulu wokushisa) lo mkhakha kagesi oxoshwa emkhathini. Ngeshwa, ibhalansi yezinyanga eziyisikhombisa zokuqala zika-2017 ikhombisa ukwanda kwe- ukusetshenziswa kwe- amalahle, okusho ukuthi kungenzeka kube unyaka omubi empini yokulwa nokuguquka kwesimo sezulu.

CO2

El umkhakha kagesi kuqoqa ngaphezu kwama-20% akho konke ukukhishwa kwegesi engcolisa ukushisa ezweni, futhi ukuncipha kokusetshenziswa kwamalahle kuphawule eminyakeni yamuva ukuvela kwempi eSpain yokulwa nokushisa komhlaba.

Ngaphandle kokuqhubeka, ngo-2015 futhi kwaba ukwanda kokusetshenziswa kwamalahle kagesi okwakunesibopho esikhulu seSpain ekwenyuseni kwawo ukukhishwa komhlaba we-CO2 3,2% uma kuqhathaniswa nonyaka odlule.

Imboni yamalahle

Ngendlela efanayo, amalahle nawo abe nomthelela ku-2016, yize kulokhu kube ngcono. Ngokusho ibhalansi ethunyelwe ngenyanga edlule nguHulumeni waseSpain ku-European Environment Agency, ukukhishwa kwezwe emhlabeni kwehle ngo-3,5% uma kuqhathaniswa nango-2015. «Ukukhiqizwa kukagesi kunciphise ukukhishwa kwawo ngo-19,7% ngenxa yokuhamba ukusetshenziswa kwamalahle ukuthola amandla avuselelekayo, "kusho umbiko walowo nyaka owalungiswa nguMnyango wezoLimo nokuDoba, ezokudla nezemvelo, okhumbula ukuthi unyaka owedlule bekungunyaka omanzi, kunemvula engaphezulu ngo-5%.

Indali evuselelekayo

Imininingwane emibi kusuka ku-2015 nedatha enhle evela ku-2016, futhi naku-2017 ukuvela kwamagesi abamba ukushisa kakhulu kuthonywe isimo sezulu, kusukela ngo-2012 ukufakwa amandla amasha avuselelekayo ikhubazekile ezweni, ngenhlanhla lokhu sekuguqukile kulo nyaka ngokwesaba izinhlawulo zaseYurophu.

isiteshi samandla enuzi

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Ukuqhamuka okwenzeka eSpain kwamandla avuselelekayo kwaqala eminyakeni eyi-10 eyedlule, futhi kwavumela ukwehliswa komhlaba wonke kwe-10% yokukhishwa kwayo kwe-CO2ngokusho ucwaningo lwamuva olwenziwe yi-European Environment Agency. Ngeshwa, uHulumeni wakhubaza ngesinqumo sokuthi kufakwe ugesi omusha ovuselelekayo ngo-2012. Kusukela ngaleso sikhathi, idatha yonyaka enhle noma emibi Ukukhishwa kwe-CO2 Kuya ngesimo sezulu, okungukuthi, emvuleni nasemoyeni.

Njengoba kushiwo ngenhla, u-2017 ungenye yezimbi kakhulu esikhathini eside maqondana nemvula. Ngeshwa ISpain yaqala ihlobo ngemithombo yamanzi ephansi kakhulu kusukela ngo-1995.

Izinqolobane eziphansi

Ngokusho kwe-REE, leli zinga eliphansi lisho ukuthi ezinyangeni eziyisikhombisa zokuqala zonyaka i- ukukhiqizwa kukagesi eSpain Ngobuchwepheshe be-hydraulic, yehle ngo-51,2% uma kuqhathaniswa nesikhathi esifanayo ngo-2016. Sekube nokwehla ngo-11% ekusetshenzisweni kwamandla omoya.

Ukwehla kokusetshenziswa kwale mithombo emibili ehlanzekile ye-CO2 isuswe kakhulu ngamalahle. Izitshalo zamandla ezishisayo ezishisa lo mafutha ezimbiwa phansi zikhuphule umkhiqizo kagesi ngo-71,9% phakathi kukaJanuwari noJulayi. Kusetshenziswe negesi eningi kakhulu: ukukhula ezitshalweni zomjikelezo ezihlanganisiwe kube ngama-30,4%.

CO2

Umbono we izinyanga ezizayo Akuyona i-Alagueña kakhulu, ngaphandle kokuthi kube noshintsho olukhulu onyakeni we-hydrological kusuka ekwindla.

Ngokusho kombiko wakamuva we-hydrological ovela eMnyangweni Wezemvelo, ekupheleni kukaJulayi, emachibini aseSpain asetshenziselwa ukukhiqiza ugesi kwakukhona izinqolobane zemibono zokukhiqiza ama-gigawatts angama-7.927 XNUMX ngehora (GWh). Lokhu kucabanga ukuthi Ama-61% esiqiwi atholakale ngonyaka owedluleAma-62,6% esilinganiso seminyaka emihlanu edlule kanye nama-64,6% esilinganiso seminyaka eyishumi edlule.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.