Kungani isikweletu sikagesi silokhu sikhuphuka eSpain

ukukhanya kuba eqolo

Sikhokha kakhulu njalo njalo. Intengo kagesi eSpain ayiyeki ukukhuphuka njalo. Ngaphambi kokuba sibe nezikweletu ngentengo evamile futhi asizange sikhathazeke kakhulu ngokusetshenziswa kwansuku zonke. Nokho, ukonga namuhla kudingekile ngokuphelele. Abantu abaningi bayazibuza Kungani isikweletu sikagesi eSpain silokhu sikhuphuka?

Ngakho-ke, sizokuchazela izizathu zokuthi kungani isikweletu sikagesi eSpain silokhu sikhula nokuthi intengo kagesi incike kuphi.

Intengo kagesi incike kuphi?

Kungani isikweletu sikagesi eSpain silokhu sikhuphuka?

Kunezizathu ezimbalwa zokuthi kungani izindleko zikagesi zivame ukukhuphuka futhi ngasinye sinomthelela ohlukile emalini ozokhokhiswa inyanga ngayinye. Nokho, lezi zici ngokuvamile zingafinyezwa zibe izigaba ezine eziyinhloko. Okokuqala ukukhuphuka kwentengo yegesi, okulandelwa ukwenyuka kwezindleko zokukhishwa kwe-CO2. Okunye ukukhuphuka kwesidingo sabasebenzisi futhi, ekugcineni, umthelela wamandla avuselelekayo ekuphehleni ugesi.

Ziningi izinto ezinomthelela ekwenyukeni kwentengo kagesi. Lokhu kuhlanganisa, kodwa akugcini lapho, izindleko zikaphethiloli osetshenziselwa ukukhiqiza ugesi, ukwanda kwesidingo sikagesi, isidingo sokunakekela nokuthuthukisa ingqalasizinda egugayo, nemithetho nezintela zikahulumeni.

Ukwenyuka kwezindleko zikagesi kungabangelwa izici eziningi, okuhlanganisa ukukhuphuka kwentengo yegesi, ukwanda kwesidingo sabathengi, izindleko zokukhishwa kwe-CO2 kanye nomthelela wemithombo yamandla avuselelekayo ngentengo yokugcina. Nokho, izici ezithile zibaluleke kakhulu kunezinye. Kubalulekile ukuqonda ukuthi lezi zici azithinti kuphela izindleko zikagesi eSpain, kodwa nakulo lonke elaseYurophu.

Kungani isikweletu sikagesi silokhu sikhuphuka eSpain

Kungani isikweletu sikagesi silokhu sikhuphuka eSpain?

Kunezici ezimbalwa ezibalulekile ezinomthelela ekwenyukeni kwesikweletu sakho sikagesi. Lezi zizathu yilezi ezilandelayo:

  • Izindleko zezinto ezingavuthiwe, ikakhulukazi igesi yemvelo, inomthelela oqondile ngentengo kagesi. Njengenye yezinto ezimbiwa phansi ezisetshenziswa kakhulu ekuphehleni ugesi, noma yikuphi ukwenyuka kwentengo yegesi yemvelo kuzoholela ezindlekweni zokukhiqiza eziphakeme zokuphehla izimboni, okuzobe sekuguqulela amanani aphezulu kagesi emakethe yezitolo ezinkulu.
  • Ingxabano yakamuva phakathi kweRussia ne-Ukraine ihumushele ekunyukeni okukhulu kwentengo yegesi, ifinyelela amanani angaphezu kwama-euro angama-200/MWh emakethe yegesi yereferensi yaseYurophu, naseMibgas eSpain, amanani angaphezu kwama-euro angama-360. Lokhu kwenyuka kwamanani kuhambisane nerekhodi lentengo kagesi elaqoshwa ngo-Agasti. Kodwa-ke, umbono wamanje uphakathi nendawo, amanani entengo e-Mibgas ahamba cishe kuma-euro ayi-100 i-MWh ngayinye. Nokho, njengoba sisondela ebusika, maningi amathuba okuthi amanani azophinde anyuke.
  • Ukusetshenziswa kukagesi kumadivayisi afana ne-air conditioning noma ukufudumeza Kuyanda lapho ukushintshashintsha okungazelelwe kwezinga lokushisa kwenzeka, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi ukwanda ngokushesha noma ukwehla. Ngenxa yalokho, abasabalalisi bamandla babhekana nesidingo esikhulayo futhi kufanele bakhiqize ugesi owengeziwe, okuholela ekwenyukeni kwezindleko zokukhiqiza. Lokhu kwenyuka kwesidingo akukhawulelwe ezikhathini ezithile, njengalapho kushisa noma amagagasi abandayo, kodwa kungase kwenzeke phakathi nosuku olufanayo. Ngokuvamile, isidingo sikagesi siphezulu ngemva kuka-8:00 pm, okwenza lesi sikhathi sibize kakhulu uma siqhathaniswa namahora asekuseni.
  • Ngalesi sikhathi sasekwindla kube khona ukwanda kokukhiqizwa komoya, okuhambisana nesimo esihle semithombo yegesi kanye nesidingo esiphansi. Lokhu kungenxa yesimo sezulu sasehlobo esaphikelela kwaze kwaba uNovemba eNhlonhlweni Yase-Iberia. Nokho, njengoba isimo sezulu siqala ukuphola, isidingo sakho kokubili igesi nogesi kulindeleke ukuthi sikhuphuke, okuzophumela ekukhuphukeni kwamanani futhi.
  • Izitshalo zikagesi ezisebenzisa igesi namalahle kufanele khokha imali yokukhipha i-CO2. Le nkokhelo ikhuphuka ngezindleko zokukhishwa kwe-CO2, okuholela ezindlekweni eziphezulu zokukhiqiza zamajeneretha. Intengo ye-CO2 ekhishwayo ibilokhu ikhuphuka, kanjalo nentengo yegesi, namarekhodi amasha afinyelelwe ezinyangeni ezisanda kwedlula. NgoFebhuwari 2022, intengo yafinyelela kuma-euro angama-90 ngethani, kodwa selokhu yawa. Izindleko ezimaphakathi zika-2022 zingama-euro angama-80.
  • Amandla avuselelekayo, okuyindlela eyonga kakhulu yokukhiqiza ugesi, Ngokuvamile banomnikelo omncane ezindlekweni zokugcina. Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi imakethe kagesi elawulwayo isebenza kanjani. Izipesheli zamandla avuselelekayo yizona zokuqala okufanele zicatshangelwe ohlelweni lwamanani, ngakho azinawo umthelela omkhulu lapho kunqunywa inani lokugcina. Ezimweni lapho kunokuntuleka komoya noma imvula, abakhangisi bamandla abathembele kule mithombo bangase babe nesidingo esincishisiwe, okuholela ekubeni nomthelela omncane ezintengoni.

Imithetho kahulumeni mayelana nentela kagesi

intengo kagesi

Kusukela ngoJuni 2021, uHulumeni uthathe izinyathelo ezahlukahlukene zokunciphisa umthelela wokukhuphuka kwentengo kagesi negesi. Isinyathelo esiphumelele kakhulu kube ukuvinjelwa kwentengo yegesi, okuyinto Yasetshenziswa ngoJuni 14 futhi izoqala ukusebenza kuze kube nguMeyi 31, 2023. Ngaphezu kwalokho, uhulumeni ugunyaze ezinye izindlela, ezihlanganisa ukuthuthukisa izaphulelo kanye nokwandisa umshwalense womphakathi kagesi. Uhlelo lwebhonasi, oluphinde ludlulele kumabhonasi ashisayo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukwehliswa kwentela njengokuncishiswa kwe-VAT kugesi nakho kunikezwe ukukhanya okuluhlaza.

Umkhawulo wezintengo zegesi ethengiswayo kuyisinyathelo sesikhashana okuvunyelwene ngaso yi-Spain ne-Portugal kanye ne-European Commission futhi sizohlala izinyanga eziyi-12. Lesi silinganiso, esivame ukubizwa ngokuthi "i-Iberian exception", sikhawulela ngokukhethekile intengo yegesi esetshenziselwa ukukhiqizwa kukagesi ububanzi obuphakathi kwama-euro angu-40 nama-50 ngehora le-megawathi.

Ibhonasi yomphakathi ibone intuthuko, ikakhulukazi mayelana nokwandiswa kwabazuzi bayo kanye nokuba khona kwezaphulelo. Labo abathathwa njengabasengozini banenketho yoku thola ukuncishiswa ngo-65% kusikweletu sakho, okungase kwenyuke kufike ku-80% ezimeni zokuba sengcupheni okukhulu. Isigaba esisha siphinde sisungulelwe imindeni ehola kancane enabantu abadala ababili nabantwana ababili abahola ngaphansi kwama-euro angu-28.000 ngonyaka, abazokwazi ukuthola isaphulelo sika-40% kubhili yabo.

Ngithemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi ngokuthi kungani isikweletu sikagesi eSpain silokhu sikhuphuka.


Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.