Inguquko evuselelekayo yaseChile nomakhelwane bayo

Chile

UNgqongqoshe Wezamandla waseChile, u-Andrés Rebolledo wethule ukuvelela uhlelo lokuziphendukela kwemvelo lubheke emandleni avuselelekayo ezweni lakho, lapho inhloso ukuthi isizwe sibe nama-70% walolu hlobo lokuphakela ngo-2050.

Umbuso ukuqinisekisile ukuthi, “Eminyakeni emine eyedlule, izwe seliqale ushintsho lwezamandla olushintshe isizukulwane sokukhiqiza, salwenza ukusimama kakhudlwana, ihlanzekile, iyonga futhi inobungani nemvelo ”.

Ngale ndlela, iChile isiphenduke umholi waseLatin America ku-Non-Conventional Renewable Energy (NCRE). Ngokusho kwalokhu okungenhla, i-17% ye- umthamo ophelele Ezweni lihambisana namandla ahlanzekile futhi kulindeleke ukuthi ngo-2020 kube sekuphothuliwe u-20% we-matrix, owawudalelwe u-2025 ekuqaleni.

Kepha singabuza, yini i-NCRE? Ngaphakathi kwazo kunamandla okushisa komhlaba, ilanga, umoya, amandla olwandle kanye izitshalo zamandla kagesi. Ukhiye waleli qembu ukuthi bangcolisa ngaphansi kweminye imithombo yamandla ejwayelekile futhi ngaleyo ndlela banciphise ukukhishwa kwe-CO2.

Eqinisweni, la mandla kusukela ngoMashi 2014 ahambelana kuphela ne-7% yengqikithi ye-matrix, eyafika ku-15% ekupheleni kuka-2017.

Chile

Ngakho-ke, isiphathimandla saqokomisa izinguquko ezijulile okusetshenziswe eminyakeni yamuva kuphendula izinqubomgomo zomphakathi ezakhiwe ngokubambisana nabalingisi bakahulumeni nabazimele, ukuqinisekisa ukuthi "umkhakha wezamandla uhola izimali futhi ukwazile ukwehlisa kakhulu amanani entengo, yinto okuhehwa ngayo amabhizinisi amasha futhi inomncintiswano osezingeni eliphakeme".

Uphinde wakuqinisekisa ukuthi kunesikhungo semvelo esinemithetho ecacile futhi ezinzile yokutshalwa kwezimali kwamanye amazwe.

UMqondisi oMkhulu we-Imagen de Chile, uMyriam Gómez, uqinisekisa ukuthi “ngaphandle kokungabaza, sine-matrix egxile emandleni avuselelekayo futhi sisebenzise imithombo yethu yemvelo ngendlela efanele, sinikeze izinyathelo ezizinzile ezizayo, yizici ezibalulekile zesithombe sezwe lethu. Empeleni, ngokusho kombiko wango-2017 we-international consultancy u-Ernst & Young, i-Renewable Energy Country Attractiveness Index, izwe likleliswe endaweni yesithupha emhlabeni phakathi kwezizwe ezinamathuba amahle kakhulu ekuthuthukiseni i-NCRE ”.

Ngaphandle kweChile, kunamanye amazwe eMelika abheja ezintweni ezivuselelekayo

Argentina

I-Argentina nayo obehlala engenandaba futhi engenandaba noguquko oluvuselelekayo, useqale ukwephula iqhwa futhi wakhuthaza amandla elanga. EJujuy, isibonelo, kukhona idolobha lamandla elanga ayi-100% elikhombise ushintsho olwenzeka e-Argentina. Izwe lilindele ukukhiqiza u-8% wamandla alo kazwelonke asebenzisa imithombo evuselelekayo eminyakeni embalwa.

I-México

Kulo nyaka iMexico yethule isigaba sokugcina sesinye sezitshalo ezinkulu kakhulu zelanga ku Latin America. I-Aura Solar I yafakwa eBaja California Sur ngesikhathi sezinyanga eziyisikhombisa kuphela futhi kusukela ngoSepthemba 2013 yaqala ukuguqula imisebe yelanga ibe yimodi eshintshanayo, esivele ifinyelela engxenyeni yezwe.

amandla elanga nentengo elula

Kulo nyaka, lesi sitshalo sizovulwa ngokuphelele, sikhiqize amandla ahlanzekile ukondla izigidi zabantu baseMexico. Izikhungo zalo zihlala Amahektha ayi-100 eLa Paz Industrial Park. Uhulumeni waseMexico uqokomisa ukuthi isitshalo se-Aura Solar esinamaseli ayi-131.800 sizonciphisa ukungcola ngamathani ayizinkulungwane ezingama-60 we-CO2 ngonyaka.

Peru

Futhi amazwe afana nePeru akhuthaza ukusetshenziswa kwamandla elanga. Inselelo yalo mkhakha ukuletha amandla kubantu basePeru abayizigidi eziyi-2,2 ezindaweni zasemakhaya ngokwandiswa kwamanethiwekhi kanye nezixazululo ezingavumelekile njengamapaneli elanga, okuzoklonyeliswa ngawo iphrojekthi yezimali, ukufakwa, ukusebenza nokugcinwa. .

Amanye amazwe

En I-Panama, Izinkampani ezingama-31 zibambe iqhaza kuthenda yokuqala yokuthengwa kwamandla amakhulu elanga ngonyaka odlule. Le phrojekthi ihlinzeka ngamathenda angama-66 MW nge utshalomali ezibalelwa ku- $ 120 million

Guatemala Inesinye sezitshalo ezinkulu kakhulu ze-photovoltaic esifundeni esine-5 MW yamandla kanye namaphaneli elanga acishe abe yizinkulungwane ezingama-20. Kuleli sonto u-Eduardo Font, iMenenja-Jikelele embonini yamaphepha ePainsa, uthe bahlele ukutshalwa kwezimali okungama-dollar ayizigidi eziyi-12 embonini yelanga engu-8MW.

I-German Development Bank (KFW) iklonyelisiwe El Salvador imali mboleko yama-dollar ayizigidi ezingama-30 yamakhredithi ezinkampanini zamandla avuselelekayo amancane naphakathi naphakathi, ikakhulukazi elanga. UHulumeni wase-El Salvador nezinkampani ezintathu zamandla kagesi zisayine izinkontileka ezine zokukhiqiza nokuhlinzeka ngamamegawathi angama-94 wamandla elanga ngenani elicishe libe yizigidi ezingama-250 zamaRandi.

Honduras Yizwe elihamba phambili elangeni kuyo yonke iMelika Ephakathi futhi okwesithathu ekukhuleni kweLatin America. Ngesikhathi esifushane, isungule izitshalo eziyishumi nambili zelanga elisebenza eCholuteca nakwezinye izifunda zezwe.

Ngo-2013 iChina ne Costa Rica usayine izivumelwano zama-dollar ayizigidi ezingama-30 zokuxhasa ukufakwa kwamapaneli elanga ayizinkulungwane ezingama-50. Futhi ekuqaleni kwalonyaka iCosta Rican Electricity Institute (ICE) imemezele inqubekelaphambili yohlelo lokulinga lokusetshenziswa kwamandla okuhlala elanga ahlose ukufinyelela kumakhasimende ayizinkulungwane ezingama-600. Eminyakeni engu-7 edlule, KUSETSHENZISWE amadola ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane eziyi-1,700 kumaphrojekthi ahlukahlukene avuselelekayo kagesi (ilanga, umoya, ugesi ophehlwa ngamanzi, phakathi kokunye).

costa-rica-only-uses-renewable-energy-to-product-ugesi


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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.