ISaudi Arabia ichitha izindawo zayo zokugcina amanzi futhi ibheke enhlekeleleni

I-Saudi Arabia

I-Arabia saudí isebenzisa imithombo yayo yamanzi engaphansi komhlaba kakhulu, ukuthuthukisa ezolimo ezingaguquguquki nemvelaphi kadoti omkhulu. Ukuqedwa okusheshayo kwefayela lakho le- ama-aquifers kubeka engcupheni yokuholela kwesinye isomiso ezweni eminyakeni ezayo, kuxwayisa owayengungqongqoshe wezolimo waseSaudi.

Lowo owayeyiPhini likaNgqongqoshe Wezolimo waseSaudi wakhipha lesi sexwayiso esilandelayo: “ISaudi Arabia isengozini yokuhlupheka a inhlekelele uma imikhuba yezolimo ingashintshi. Kubalulekile ukugcina amanzi angaphansi komhlaba ”.

ISaudi Arabia yizwe elikhulu elinamakhilomitha-skwele angaphezu kwezigidi ezimbili, elinabantu abedlula abantu abayizigidi ezingama-30, kepha ngokwengxenye liyindawo yasogwadule. Njengoba kunemvula engaphansi kwama-60 mm ngonyaka, imithombo yamanzi angenasawoti ibuthakathaka futhi ayivuseleleki ngoba cishe konke kuvela ukubhuka ngaphansi komhlaba. Kunemifula namachibi ambalwa kakhulu eSaudi Arabia.

Ngokungazelelwe, ukutholakala kwe- amanzi ivuseleleke yezwe lingaphansi kwama-cubic metres angama-500 umuntu ngamunye ngonyaka, isimo sengcindezi yamanzi.

Arabia Saudi Isebenzisa amalitha wamanzi ayi-5.100 umuntu ngamunye ngosuku, ngoba ama-66% angenisiwe, futhi lokhu kuphakeme kakhulu kunalokho okusetshenziswa yiliphi izwe e-European Union. Le nkomba yenza kube nokwenzeka ukukala izidingo zamanzi zabantu ukuze hydratekunjalo, kepha nezolimo, ukukhiqiza izimpahla, amandla, njalonjalo.

Nokho, Arabia Saudi imosha imithombo yayo yamanzi kumaphrojekthi angagcineki, ikakhulukazi ezolimo. Ngempela, amanzi angaphansi komhlaba ancipha ngesilinganiso esethusayo, u-40% wamanzi achithwayo uvela ngaphansi komhlaba.

La inkinga yamanzi Kuvela kakhulu esinqumweni sokufaka kakhulu ukutshala ukolweni ngo-1983. Uma uhulumeni ekugcineni evimbela ukutshalwa kukakolweni, lezi zinsimu zomhlaba sezilinyelwe ukukhiqiza ifolishi lokudla kwezilwane, okusha Ngimoshileo ngenkathi izilimo ezimiselwe umuntu zisebenza kangcono kakhulu ukuzondla.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, i izilimo zomuthi womnqumo kanti izihlahla zesundu zisebenzisa amanzi amaningi angaphansi komhlaba. Sekukonke, u-88% wamanzi asetshenzisiwe ezweni asetshenziselwa ezolimo.

Ngokufanelekile, kufanele usebenzise izindlela ze ukuchelela ngenkasa, futhi ungasebenzisi ukuchelela kwezikhukhula. Emashumini ambalwa eminyaka, imithombo yamanzi esifundeni esimaphakathi seSaudi Arabia izoguqulwa ibe yi-quagmire, kanti izinqolobane ezisengxenyeni esempumalanga zilandela indlela efanayo. Ukubhekana nalesi songo sesomiso, ubukhosi bamaSulumane ngokuphelele buqale ukukhokha intela ukusetshenziswa kwamanzi yezakhamizi, ngenkathi amanani kawoyela ehla kakhulu.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.