IChile ihlela ukuqeda izitshalo zayo zamalahle

Isitshalo samalahle Uma osopolitiki bevuma, iChile ithatha isinyathelo esikhulu phambili inqubomgomo evuselelekayo. Izwe laseChile lifuna ukwenza decarbonize umnotho walo ngo-2050.

Eqinisweni, iChile iphakamise ukuthi kungaqali ukwakhiwa kwezitshalo ezintsha ezisebenza ngamalahle, ezingenazo izinhlelo zokubamba futhi isitoreji sekhabhoni noma ubuchwepheshe obulinganayo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, kufaka phakathi ukuvalwa okuhleliwe kwezinsiza zalolu hlobo ezikhona njengamanje.

Lesi sinqumo senziwe izinkampani zikagesi ezibaluleke kakhulu importantes wezwe, njenge-AES, Colbun, Enel no-Engie ngokuvumelana nohulumeni oholwa nguMichelle Bachelet.

"Silindele ukuzibophezela kwethu ku Isivumelwano saseParis futhi ngenxa yokusebenzisana kwezinkampani ezikhiqizayo, iChile izoba nentuthuko eyenziwe nge-decarbonised. Ngeke sakhe izitshalo ezisebenza ngamalahle ezisebenza ngamalahle, futhi kancane kancane sizovala bese sibuyisela ezikhona, "kusho umongameli ku-twitter maqondana nalolu hlelo, olubeka iChile phambili emizameni eyenziwa eLatin America yokulwa nokuguquka kwesimo sezulu (into eyenziwe ngamalahle, phakathi kwamanye amagesi abamba ukushisa).

Intela yase-Australia

Okuvuselelwa namuhla

Njengamanje, u-40% kagesi waseChile ukhiqizwa ezitshalweni zikagesi ezihlinzekwa ngamalahle, okwenza lo mthombo omkhulu wokukhiqizwa kukagesi ezweni. Kodwa-ke, ushintsho lwamandla olwamukelayo luhambisana nenqubekela phambili ebalulekile ubuchwepheshe obuvuselelekayo sebunabo ezweni:

Ukuvuselelwa kusukela ngoMashi 2014 bekuhambisana kuphela no-7% wesamba se-matrix, esiphindwe kabili ngoMashi 2017. Okuhlanganisiwe kakhulu amandla elanga, okuthi ngokweNational Energy Commission ngoFebhuwari walo nyaka amaphesenti angama-76 wemiklamo ahambelana ama-solar photovoltaicNgakho-ke, kuCentral Interconnected System u-5% uvela kulolu hlobo lwamandla. Kukhona nemiklamo yomoya ne-hydraulic.

Inzuzo engaphezulu

Ukwengeza ekusimeni ngokwengeziwe, okuvuselelekayo kunenzuzo enkulu, noma imibiko eminingana ngomthelela wezomnotho ithi: LIsitshalo se-El Romero Solar photovoltaic, sithunyelwe futhi sixhunywe kugridi ngonyaka we-2016, kwembula ukuthi phakathi nesikhathi sayo sokusebenziseka, okulinganiselwa eminyakeni engama-35, izonikela ngamaRandi ayizigidi ezingama-316 kuMkhiqizo Womhlaba Wonke (GDP), “okuphindwe kabili kunesitshalo esilinganayo samalahle.

I-El Romero Solar, ene-246 MWp, isitshalo esikhulu kunazo zonke se-photovoltaic eLatin America lapho iqala ukusebenza

amandla elanga nentengo elula

Ikusasa

Ngokusho kukaNgqongqoshe Wezamandla waseChile, u-Andrés Rebolledo “Sinezimo ezehlukile zokuthuthukisa amandla avuselelekayo. Sizibekele umgomo wokuthi ngo-2050 okungenani 70% we-matrix kusekelwe kubo, futhi singafinyelela ku-90% ”.

I-Las izinkampani zikagesi Kubonakala sengathi zihambisana nohulumeni. Lokhu kuvezwe esitatimendeni esihlanganyelwe nguMnyango Wezamandla kanye ne-Association of Generators: "Ngenxa yokwehla okukhulu kwezindleko kanye nosayizi wobuchwepheshe besizukulwane esivuselelekayo obufakwe ku-matrix yethu, imboni yokukhiqiza ugesi ibona ikusasa eliya livuseleleka" .

“Isinqumo saseChile sihambisana nokwenziwa kwe-decarbonisation okuqhubekayo futhi sikhombisa indlela enkulu amandla avuselelekayo avulelwe ukubonga izinzuzo zayo”, Uveza u-Enrique Maurtua Konstantinidis, umqondisi we-Climate Change eFundación Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (FARN).

Ngakho-ke, uhulumeni uqhakambise ushintsho olukhulu olusetshenziswe eminyakeni yamuva ephendula izinqubomgomo zomphakathi ezakhiwe ngokubambisana nabalingisi bakahulumeni nabazimele, nokuqinisekisa ukuthi "umkhakha wezamandla uhola imali futhi ukwazile ukunciphisa kakhulu amanani aboKuyindawo okuhehwa ngayo amabhizinisi amasha futhi inezinga eliphakeme lokuncintisana ”.

UMqondisi oMkhulu we-Image of Chile, uMyriam Gómez, uthe “ngaphandle kokungabaza, ukuba ne-matrix egxile emandleni avuselelekayo futhi nokusebenzisa izinsiza zethu zemvelo ngokuzibophezela, ukuthatha izinyathelo ezizinzile ezizayo, yizici ezibalulekile zesithunzi sezwe lethu. Eqinisweni, ngokusho kombiko we-2017 wokubonisana kwamazwe omhlaba i-Ernst & Young, i-Renewable Energy Country Attractiveness Index, izwe libalwa indawo yesithupha emhlabeni wonke phakathi kwezizwe ezinamathuba amahle kakhulu ekuthuthukiseni i-NCRE ”.

  intengo yamandla elanga aphansi

Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.