8000 billion otshalomali olusha emhlabeni ovuselelekayo

Umsebenzi ovuselelekayo Ukuvuka okusha komkhakha waseSpain we amandla avuselelekayo. I ngaphezu kwamamegawathi angama-8.000 (MW) yamandla endali ngonyaka owodwa izodala izimali ezingaba yizigidi ezingama-8.000 zama-euro, ngemuva kweminyaka emihlanu ka ukuma ngokuphelele, kubangelwe ukusikeka okuqalwe nguhulumeni kaZapatero, futhi kwaqedwa nguhulumeni waseRajoy.

La I-Solar photovoltaic, owehlulwayo omkhulu ezindalini ezi-2 zokuqala, ubonile ukuthi kwenzeka kanjani ngesikhathi esisodwa, ekugcineni auction ithole amandla angaphezu kuka-3.000 MW. Le mboni ilinganisela ukuthi ukutshalwa kwemali ukuqala amaphrojekthi ngaphambi kuka-2020 kuzoba yizigidi ezingama-3.500.

Izimali

La Inhlangano Yezinkampani Zamandla Avuselelekayo (APPA) ibala lokho cishe imisebenzi engama-28.000 ngqo futhi engaqondile ukuqala i-3.900 MW ehleliwe.

Inethiwekhi evuselelekayo yaseChina

La imboni yomoya, ukuthi kufayela le- ithenda ngoMeyi owedlule kuthathe amandla angaphezu kuka-99%, ubona kusengaphambili ukutshalwa kwemali cishe Izigidi ezingu-4.500 ukuze ama-4.500 MW okumele alunge ngaphambi kukaDisemba 31, 2019 abe ngokoqobo.

Umlando wamandla omoya neMills

Ukusebenzisana phakathi kwamabhizinisi

Umkhakha uyathemba ukuthi bonke abadlali ababandakanyekayo, kusukela abagqugquzeli abakhiqiziizinhlangano zemali y Ukuphatha, sebenza kanzima futhi ngaphezu kwakho konke isandla sibambene, ukuze wonke amaphrojekthi abe ngokoqobo. Kuze kube manje, ukuthuthukiswa kwamandla avuselelekayo kuhlangane nakho izithiyo ezingapheli zokuphatha, ngaphezu kokusikeka kukahulumeni.

Ipulazi lomoya laseHuelva

Esikhathini esedlule, ngokwesibonelo, kufayela le- ukuzisebenzisela wena. Izinkampani zize zizimisele ukukhokha lokho okuthiwa intela yelanga (ikhokhiswa ezikhungweni ezidlula ama-kilowatts ayi-10) ukuthi injani khubaza amaphrojekthi akho kanye nokutshalwa kwemali. Njengoba izinkampani eziningana zikulahlile, njenge Bodegas Torres eVilafranca del Penedès.

Ngenhlanhla, futhi ngenxa yomthetho we-European Union 20 20, the Uhulumeni Inikeze unyaka nohhafu nje kuphela wama-8.737 MW wamandla amasha aluhlaza (4.607 MW womoya, 4.110 MW we-photovoltaic kanye no-20 MW we-biomass).

Ngaphezu kwalokho, enye indali yomthamo omusha walezi ziqhingi isalindile. Uma yonke le misebenzi ekugcineni igcwaliseka, España izodlula ukuhlangabezana ne- ukuzibophezela neYurophu kwe-2020.

Kusuka eForestalia kuya ku-ACS

Inkampani yeCobra, engaphansi kweqembu I-ACS, usihlalo wayo ngu Florentino Pérez, kwaba ngumnqobi omkhulu wendali yokugcina, nge-1.550 MW yamandla we-photovoltaic. Kuleli thenda, i-protagonist ibingamandla elanga, kanti ngoMeyi bekungumoya.

intengo yamandla elanga aphansi

Njengoba kuphawulwe kaningi, ngaleso sikhathi, owawina kwakungu-Aragonese I-Forestalia, esivele yashanela ithenda ngoJanuwari 2016, yathola no-40% wamandla kule thenda. Inomlingani General Electric nangemuva Blackrock.

Empeleni, njengoba inkampani yase-Aragonese iqinisekisile kwabezindaba, ithole i-1.200 megawatts (MW) lokho zizothuthukisa ikakhulukazi kumaphrojekthi e-Aragon. 

Ngaphezu kwalokho, ngonyaka odlule, endalini eyaqeda ukumiswa kwamandla avuselelekayo, leli qembu lasiholwa ngu UFernando Samper (Forestalia) Yanikezwa ngaphezu kuka-400 MW-300 MW wamandla omoya nangaphezulu kuka-100 MW we-biomass- kuma-700 MW abekade edlalwa.

Ngaphandle kokuthi I-Forestalia, ezinye izinkampani nazo ziwine amabhulokhi amaningana. Ngokwesibonelo I-Gamesa qinisekisa ukuthi ngabe iwine i-206 MW block. Ngokwengxenye yayo, ngokusho kwemithombo yomkhakha Igesi Yemvelo Fenosa ithole cishe i-600 MW. I-Enel Green Power ISpain-engaphansi kwe-Endesa-, ibizonikezwa i-500 MW. Noma kunjalo, IberdrolaOkwamanje, bekungeke kutholakale noma yimaphi amabhulokhi ayisebenzisile.

Umoya

Sezizonke izinkampani ezingama-40 Ama-megawatts (MW) angaphezu kwama-5.000 30 aklonyeliswe endalini yokugcina evuselelekayo ebibanjwe ngoMeyi asatshalaliswa, ngokusho kohlu lwabaphumelele abanikezwe nguMnyango Wezamandla. Ngokuqondile, sezizonke izinkampani ezingama-3.909,1 zabelane nge-10 MW ye-photovoltaic technology, kuyilapho ezinye izinkampani eziyi-1.127,81 zithole ngaphezu kwe-XNUMX MW yamandla omoya.

Ukufakwa kwe-windmill

Izikhulu ezinkulu zomkhakha wamandla waseSpain nazo zinikezwe amandla ezindalini zangoMeyi nangoJulayi. Qeda, ngokusebenzisa I-Enel Green Power y Ugesi wemvelo bathole ama-338,6 nama-250 MW we-photovoltaic. NgoMeyi, ama-540 no-667 MW, ngokulandelana, anikezwa amandla omoya.

I-Forestalia

I-Forestalia Group yazalelwa eZaragoza ngo-2011, umphumela we umsebenzi webhizinisi elide okwedlule ekukhuthazeni amandla avuselelekayo, ikakhulukazi ezitshalweni zamandla namandla omoya kusukela ngo-1997.

Njengamanje inezitshalo zamandla eSpain, eFrance nase-Italy; yakha isigayo esikhulu se-pellet nokuhlukaniswa kwezwe e-Erla (Zaragoza); ikhuthaza izitshalo zokukhiqiza ugesi we-biomass e-Aragon, eValencian Community nase-Andalusia, nasemapulazini ahlukahlukene omoya, ikakhulukazi e-Aragon.

amandla we-biomass avela ezinsaleleni zezakhi zehlathi

NgoJanuwari 14, 2016, iForestalia Group yaba yindondo enkulu kunayo yonke endalini yoMnyango Wezezimboni, Amandla Nezokuvakasha ekwabiweni kwe uhlelo oluthile lwamaholo kwizikhungo ezintsha zokukhiqiza ugesi kusuka kubuchwepheshe bomoya kanye ne-biomass. Ngamandla omoya, iForestalia Group yanikezwa ama-MW angama-300, kuma-MW angama-500 endalini; futhi ku-biomass, ithole u-108,5 MW we-biomass, ku-200 MW endalini.

Ukuvela kweQembu laseForestalia emakethe yamandla kuzoveza imiphumela emihle kakhulu: IForestalia izibophezele emakethe evulekile, enokuncintisana, evulelekile, ukusebenza kahle okuphezulu, izindleko eziphansi futhi, ekugcineni, izinzuzo eziningi kumanani omthengi

 

 

 


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

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Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.