Zingcolisa kangakanani iibhetri?

iibhetri zombane

Nangona ukusetyenziswa kweebhetri kuncipha, ukungcoliseka kwebhetri kusengumba oxhalabisayo. Kwaye ungcoliseko olubangelwa ziintlobo ngeentlobo zeebhetri luhluka kakhulu. Ibhetri ye-mercury inokungcolisa iilitha ezingama-600 zamanzi, ibhetri ye-alkaline inokungcolisa iilitha ezingama-167 amawaka kunye nebhetri ye-oxide yesilivere inokungcolisa iilitha ezili-14 lamawaka. Oku kwenza abantu abaninzi bazibuze zingcolisa kangakanani iibhetri.

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela ukuba zingakanani iibhetri ezingcolisa kwaye yintoni enokwenziwa ngayo.

Imeko yongcoliseko lwebhetri

zingcolisa kangakanani iibhetri

Kuphela zii-alkaline ezingama-40 eziya kwanela ukungcolisa i-6,5 yezigidi zeelitha zamanzi, ezilingana nobukhulu bequla lokuntywila. I-Mercury inamandla okwenza umhlaza kwaye iyakwazi ukuqokelela kwizinto eziphilayo. Ukuvezwa ixesha elide kule nto kunokuba nemiphumo eyingozi kwingqondo, izintso kunye nokuphuhlisa umntwana, nto leyo enokukhokelela kwiziphene zengqondo, ukungasebenzi kakuhle kwemithambo-luvo nokuthetha, ukungabikho kolungelelwaniso, iingxaki zokubona nokuxhuzula.

Ukukhutshwa kwe-mercury kwiindawo zokulahla inkunkuma kukhokelela ekungcolisekeni kwamanzi kunye nomhlaba kwaye ekugqibeleni kungene kwikhonkco lokutya njengoko iqokelela kwizicubu zeentlanzi.

Inkqubo yemithambo-luvo, izintso, kunye nenkqubo yokuzala zonke zisesichengeni sokonakala kwilothe. Ngenxa yobume bayo bokungonakali, ilothe iyakwazi ukuhamba imigama ebalulekileyo emoyeni phambi kokuba izinze. Ikwanomkhwa wokuzibophelela kumasuntswana omhlaba kwaye ingangena emanzini aphantsi komhlaba.

Iimpawu ze-neurotoxic ze-lithium zenza kube yingozi kuzo zombini izintso kunye nenkqubo yokuphefumula. Ityhefu yeLithium inokubangela iimpawu ezininzi ezinzulu, kubandakanya ukusilela kokuphefumla, ukudakumba kwe-myocardial, i-pulmonary edema, kunye nemeko enzulu yokungabikho zingqondweni. Inkqubo ye-nervous nayo ichaphazeleka kakubi, nto leyo inokukhokelela kwi-coma okanye nokufa. Ukongeza, i-lithium inamandla okungena lula kwi-aquifers, ibeka umngcipheko omkhulu kwimithombo yamanzi aphantsi komhlaba.

I-Cadmium, into eyaziwayo ngepropathi yayo ye-carcinogenic, imele isoyikiso esibalulekileyo kwinkqubo yokuphefumla xa ifakwe kumthamo omkhulu, ngelixa ukungeniswa kwayo kubangela umonakalo wezintso. Amanqanaba aphezulu okuvezwa anokuba neziphumo ezibulalayo. Ukusetyenziswa kokutya okanye amanzi angcoliswe yi-cadmium kubangela ukucaphuka kwesisu, ukuqalisa iimpawu ezifana nokugabha kunye norhudo. Ukukhutshwa kwe-cadmium emoyeni kunye nemithombo yamanzi kwenzeka ikakhulu kwiindawo zokulahla inkunkuma okanye ukuchitheka kwenkunkuma yasekhaya ngempazamo, ukuyivumela ukuba isasazeke kumgama omde.

Ulusu luchatshazelwa yi-nickel, kwaye ukuphefumla imali eninzi kubangela ukuphuhliswa kwe-bronchitis engapheliyo, kunye nomhlaza wemiphunga kunye ne-sinus. Ukutshiswa kwenkunkuma kukhulula le element kwiatmosfera, apho ithi ibambelele kumasuntswana othuli athi ekugqibeleni ahlale emhlabeni.

Izisombululo zokuthintela ukosuleleka kangangeentsuku

iibhetri ezisetyenzisiweyo

Ukujongana nale ngxaki, kubalulekile ukuguqula iindlela zesiqhelo kunye nokwamkela indlela yokusetyenziswa ngokuqaphela ebeka phambili okusingqongileyo. Qinisekisa ukuba unezikhongozeli ezifanelekileyo zokugcina iibhetri ezingasetyenziswanga, ukuthintela ukulahlwa kwazo ngokutshiswa. Nangona amanyathelo okuqokelela iibhetri ehlala ephunyezwa ezivenkileni okanye kwezinye iindawo, kubalulekile ukubuza kwindawo yokugqibela yeebhetri eziqokelelweyo ukujongana nengxaki ngokufanelekileyo.

Khetha ukusebenzisa iibhetri ezitshajwayo endaweni yezilahlwayo, njengoko zinamandla okutshintsha iibhetri ezisebenza kanye ezingama-300. Nanini na kunokwenzeka, zama ukunciphisa ukusetyenziswa kwazo.

Kufuneka ukhethe ukusebenzisa iimveliso eziqhutywa ngumoya, ngelanga okanye ngamandla ombane. Khetha iimveliso ezinokuqhagamshelwa kumthombo oyintloko wamandla. Olu khetho alugcini nje ukungcolisa, kodwa lunokusebenza kakuhle kwamandla.

Inxalenye ebalulekileyo yeebhetri ezisetyenzisiweyo zenzelwe iinjongo zokuzonwabisa, ezifana nomculo, imidlalo kunye neekhamera. Kucetyiswa ukunciphisa ukusetyenziswa kweebhetri kule misebenzi. Umntu kufuneka enze njalo Kuphephe ukuthenga iibhetri zomgunyathi njengoko zingekho semthethweni nje kuphela kodwa zikwanobomi obufutshane kwaye kubangele ingozi enkulu kwindalo esingqongileyo.

Ukuqinisekisa ukulahlwa okufanelekileyo, kubalulekile ukunqanda ukuwalahla kwinkunkuma, kwiindawo ezivulekileyo okanye kwiindawo zoluntu. Thatha amanyathelo okuthintela ukuba zingangeni kwimizimba yamanzi okanye inkqubo yokuhambisa amanzi, kwaye uphephe ukuzitshisa, njengoko oku kunokukhupha isinyithi esiyingozi emoyeni.

Emva kokuba i-casing yesinyithi yeebhetri irusi, kubalulekile ukunqanda ukuzingcwaba, njengoko zinamandla okungcolisa umhlaba, umhlaba ongaphantsi kunye namanzi.

Zingcolisa kangakanani iibhetri?

ukurisayikilishwa kwebhetri

Ukusebenza kwezixhobo ezisetyenziswa ngokubanzi ezifana nabadlali beMP3, iikhamera kunye nolawulo olukude kuxhomekeke kwiibhetri. Nangona kunjalo, xa ezi bhetri zilahliwe, Umkhamo wokungcoliseka kwendalo awuqatshelwa ubukhulu becala.

Ukusebenza kwezinto zemihla ngemihla ezifana nabadlali beMP3, iikhamera, ulawulo olukude kunye nabanye kuxhomekeke kubo. Noko ke, ukulahlwa kwazo ngaphandle kokuqwalasela kukhokelela ekutyeshelweni komlinganiselo wokungcoliswa kwendalo.

Ngaphandle kobungakanani babo obubambeneyo, banempembelelo enkulu ngenxa yokusetyenziswa kwabo ngokubanzi. Ezi zixhobo zincinci ziguqula ngempumelelo amandla ekhemikhali abe ngamandla ombane. Nangona kunjalo, indalo yayo ebonakala ingenabungozi inokuba nayo iziphumo eziyingozi ukuba ilahlwe ngokungafanelekanga ngenkunkuma eqhelekileyo.

Izinto ezinetyhefu ezifana ne-mercury, ilothe, i-lithium, i-cadmium kunye ne-nickel Benza i-30% yokwakheka kwengqumba nganye. Zakuba ezi bhetri ziyifezekisile injongo yazo kwaye zingasasebenzi, ziyalahlwa ngokungakhathali kwaye ziphelele kwiindawo zokulahla inkunkuma kufutshane neendawo zasezidolophini. Apha, kunye nenye inkunkuma, ngokucothayo baqalisa ukubola, bebeka isoyikiso esibalulekileyo kokusingqongileyo nakuzo zonke iintlobo zobomi, ezingabantu nezingezozamntu. Le nkxalabo ingamandla iphakanyiswe sisifundiswa, sigxininisa impembelelo eyingozi yezi bhetri zilahliweyo kwimpilo yendalo esingqongileyo.

Umgangatho womonakalo owenziwe ngamabhetri uhambelana ngokuthe ngqo nobukhulu bawo, kunye neebhetri ezincinci ezinempembelelo enkulu yokungcolisa. Umzekelo, ibhetri eqhelekileyo ephoswe phantsi inokungcolisa iilitha ezingama-3.000 zamanzi, ngelixa ibhetri yealkaline enemekyuri inokungcolisa iilitha ezingama-160.000. kwanebhetri yewotshi encinane inokonakalisa iilitha ezingama-600.000 zamanzi.

Eyona nto ixhalabisayo kukuba, ngaphandle kolu lwazi, iibhetri aziphathwa ngokuhambelana nemigaqo yenkunkuma eyingozi. Endaweni yoko, zilahlwa kwiindawo zokulahla inkunkuma eziqhelekileyo zikamasipala, apho iinkqubo zokubilisa inkunkuma zonakalisa ukupakishwa kwazo kwaye zikhuphe izinto eziyityhefu. Ezi zinto ke ziye zingene emhlabeni nakwimithombo yamanzi, zibangele ungcoliseko.

Kwiimeko ezininzi, iiseli kunye neebhetri zilahlwa kwiindawo zokulahla, ezibangela ukukhutshwa kwezinto ezinobuthi ezinobuthi kakhulu kunye ne-carcinogenic, ezifana ne-dioxins kunye ne-furans, ukunyusa amanqanaba ongcoliseko.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nokuba zingangcolisa kangakanani iibhetri.


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